1914 Australian Federal Election
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1914 Australian Federal Election
1914 Australian federal election

← 1913 5 September 1914 (1914-09-05) 1917 →

All 75 seats in the House of Representatives
38 seats were needed for a majority in the House
All 36 seats in the Senate
19 seats were needed for a majority in the Senate
  First party Second party
  AndrewFisher.jpg Joseph Cook - Crown Studios 03.jpg
Leader Andrew Fisher Joseph Cook
Party Labor Commonwealth Liberal
Leader since 30 October 1907 20 January 1913
Leader's seat Wide Bay (Qld) Parramatta (NSW)
Last election 37 seats 38 seats
Seats won 42 seats 32 seats
Seat change Increase5 Decrease6
Popular vote 858,451 796,397
Percentage 50.89% 47.21%
Swing Increase2.42% Decrease1.73%

Australia 1914 federal election.png
Popular vote by state with graphs indicating the number of seats won. As this is an FPTP election, seat totals are not determined by popular vote by state but instead via results in each electorate.

Prime Minister before election

Joseph Cook
Commonwealth Liberal

Subsequent Prime Minister

Andrew Fisher
Labor

The 1914 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 5 September 1914. The election had been called before the declaration of war in August 1914. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives and all 36 seats in the Senate were up for election, as a result of the first double dissolution being granted. The incumbent Commonwealth Liberal Party, led by Prime Minister Joseph Cook, was defeated by the opposition Labor Party under Andrew Fisher. Fisher returned for a third term as prime minister.

Until the defeat of the Howard Government in 2007, the Cook Government was the only non-Labor Government in Australian history that did not last longer than the Labor government it had replaced.

Due to Fisher having served as Prime Minister prior to this and the 1910 elections, he is the only Labor Opposition Leader, who had previous ministerial experience, to have won at least one election.


Results

House of Representatives

  Labour: 42 seats
  Commonwealth Liberal: 32 seats
  Independent: 1 seat
House of Reps 1914-17 (FPTP) -- Turnout 73.53% (Non-CV) -- Informal 2.32%
Party Votes % Swing Seats Change Notes
  Labor 858,451 50.89 +2.42 42 +5
  Commonwealth Liberal 796,397 47.21 −1.73 32 -6
  Independents 31,915 1.89 −0.70 1 +1
  Total 1,686,763     75
  Labor WIN 42 +5
  Commonwealth Liberal 32 −6

Notes
  • Independents: George Wise (Gippsland, Vic)
  • Thirteen members were elected unopposed - seven Labor and six Commonwealth Liberal.
Popular Vote
Labor
50.89%
Commonwealth Liberal
47.21%
Independent
1.89%
Parliament Seats
Labor
56.00%
Commonwealth Liberal
42.67%
Independent
1.33%

Senate

Senate 1914-17 (FPTP BV) -- Turnout 72.64% (Non-CV) -- Informal N/A
Party Votes % Swing Seats Won Seats Held Change
  Labor 6,119,018 52.15 +3.43 31 31 +2
  Commonwealth Liberal 5,605,305 47.77 −1.61 5 5 −2
  Independents 9,799 0.08 -0.78 0 0 0
  Total 11,734,122     36 36

Seats changing hands

Seat Pre-1914 Swing Post-1914
Party Member Margin Margin Member Party
Corio, Vic   Commonwealth Liberal William Kendell 1.4 3.0 1.2 Alfred Ozanne Labor  
Gippsland, Vic   Commonwealth Liberal James Bennett 5.0 6.0 1.0 George Wise Independent  
Grampians, Vic   Commonwealth Liberal Hans Irvine 3.9 4.2 0.3 Edward Jolley Labor  
Indi, Vic   Commonwealth Liberal Cornelius Ahern 1.8 3.0 1.0 Parker Moloney Labor  
Riverina, NSW   Commonwealth Liberal Franc Falkiner 1.0 3.1 2.1 John Chanter Labor  
Werriwa, NSW   Commonwealth Liberal Alfred Conroy 5.9 5.9 0.0 John Lynch Labor  

Post-election pendulum

See also

Notes

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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