1893 College Football Season
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1893 College Football Season

The 1893 college football season was the season of American football played among colleges and universities in the United States during the 1893-94 academic year.

The 1893 Princeton Tigers football team, led by captain Thomas Trenchard, compiled a perfect 11-0 record, outscored opponents by a total of 270 to 14, and has been recognized as the national champion by the Billingsley Report, Helms Athletic Foundation, Houlgate System, and National Championship Foundation.[1][2] Despite Yale's loss to Princeton, one selector (Parke H. Davis) recognized the Bulldogs as the national champion.

All eleven players selected by Caspar Whitney and Walter Camp to the 1893 All-America college football team came from the Big Three (Princeton, Yale, and Harvard). Seven of the honorees have been inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame: quarterback Philip King, fullback Charley Brewer (Harvard), end Frank Hinkey (Yale), tackle Marshall Newell (Harvard), tackle Langdon Lea (Princeton), guard Art Wheeler (Princeton), and guard Bill Hickok (Yale).

New programs established in 1893 included Boston College, LSU, Oregon State, Texas, and Washington State.

Conference and program changes

School 1892 Conference 1893 Conference
Boston College Eagles Program Established Independent
Louisiana State University Tigers Program Established Independent
New Hampshire College Wildcats Program Established Independent
Oregon Agricultural Aggies Program Established Independent
Texas Longhorns Program established Independent
Washington Agricultural Cougars Program Established Independent

Princeton v. Yale

As the Princeton and Yale teams prepared to meet in late November 1893, an unprecedented amount of media and public attention fell upon the big game, which was being billed as the championship game of the season. Both teams entered the game with undefeated with records of 10-0. Yale had outscored its opponents 336-6 and was riding a 37-game winning streak dating back to a loss to Harvard in 1890. Princeton had outscored its opponents by a cumulative total of 264-14, and was seeking to avenge its 12-0 loss to Yale the previous year. A crowd of 40,000, the largest ever to see a football game up to that time, showed up at the Polo Grounds in New York to see the two teams take the field. Three-time Consensus All-American Phil King led Princeton into the game. He would later head the Princeton Football Association and help coach. King had just developed the double wingback formation with the ends deployed on the wings of the line.

From the double wingback formation, Princeton precisely executed a complete set of plays and completely befuddled the Yale eleven, captained by college football Hall of Famer Frank Hinkey. The New York Sun noted that "Princeton in 1893 had the finest offensive machine it had developed up to this time - a team with continuity of attack, the ability to pile first down upon first down." Princeton was able to cross the goal once and held Yale scoreless, thus winning 6-0 and claiming the national championship.

However, the game did not pass without engendering some controversy. The New York Herald declared in a scathing commentary: "Thanksgiving Day is no longer a solemn festival to God for mercies given. It is a holiday granted by the State and the Nation to see a game of football. The kicker now is king and the people bow down to him. The gory nosed tackler, hero of a hundred scrimmages and half as many wrecked wedges, is the idol of the hour. With swollen face and bleeding head, daubed from crown to sole with the mud of Manhattan Field, he stands triumphant amid the cheers of thousands. What matters that the purpose of the day is perverted, that church is foregone, that family reunion is neglected, that dinner is delayed if not forgot. Has not Princeton played a mighty game with Yale and has not Princeton won? This is the modern Thanksgiving Day."

The Yale-Princeton Thanksgiving Day game of 1893 earned $13,000 for each school from gate receipts, as the big games became the primary source of revenue for the college's athletic programs.

Conference standings

The following is a potentially incomplete list of conference standings:

1893 Colorado Football Association standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Colorado Mines $ 3 0 0     4 1 0
Colorado 1 1 0     2 3 0
Colorado Agricultural 1 3 0     1 3 0
Denver 0 2 0     1 2 0
  • $ – Conference champion
1893 Indiana Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Purdue $ 4 0 0     5 2 1
DePauw 3 1 0     6 3 0
Butler 2 2 0     4 2 0
Wabash 1 3 0     1 4 0
Indiana 0 4 0     1 4 1
  • $ – Conference champion
1893 Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the Northwest football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Minnesota $ 3 0 0     6 0 0
Wisconsin 1 1 0     4 2 0
Michigan 1 2 0     7 3 0
Northwestern 0 2 0     2 5 3
  • $ – Conference champion
1893 Triangular Football League standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Dartmouth $ 2 0 0     4 3 0
  • $ – Conference champion
1893 Western Interstate University Football Association standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Missouri + 2 1 0     4 3 0
Kansas + 2 1 0     2 5 0
Nebraska 1 2 0     3 2 1
Iowa 1 2 0     3 4 0
  • + – Conference co-champions

Major independents

1893 Eastern college football independents records
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Princeton         11 0 0
Colgate         3 0 2
Harvard         12 1 0
Yale         10 1 0
Penn         12 3 0
Penn State         4 1 0
Wesleyan         4 1 0
Washington & Jefferson         6 2 0
Swarthmore         6 2 1
Lehigh         7 3 0
Brown         6 3 0
Carlisle         2 1 0
Frankin & Marshall         4 2 1
Delaware         2 1 0
Navy         5 3 0
Bucknell         5 3 0
Amherst         7 6 1
Boston College         3 3 0
Geneva         2 2 1
Army         4 5 0
WPI         2 3 0
Williams College         2 3 1
Cornell         3 6 1
Boston University         1 2 0
Tufts         4 7 0
Lafayette         2 7 0
Syracuse         4 9 1
Western Penn         1 4 0
MIT         1 5 0
Massachusetts         1 9 0
Duquesne         0 2 0
Rutgers         0 4 0
Maine         0 5 0
1893 Midwestern college football independents records
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Miami (OH)         3 0 0
Baker         6 0 1
Oberlin         6 1 0
Notre Dame         4 1 0
Buchtel         5 2 0
Butler         4 2 0
Michigan State Normal         4 2 0
Chicago         6 4 2
Beloit         4 3 0
Illinois         3 2 3
Wabash         3 3 0
Ohio State         4 5 0
Drake         0 2 1
Iowa Agricultural         0 3 0
Cincinnati         0 6 0
1893 Southern college football independents records
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Maryland         6 0 0
Texas         4 0 0
Central         2 0 0
Howard         2 0 0
North Carolina A&M         2 0 0
Auburn         3 0 2
Vanderbilt         6 1 0
Virginia         8 2 0
Ole Miss         4 1 0
Centre         4 1 0
Trinity (NC)         3 1 0
VMI         3 1 0
Kentucky State         5 2 1
Delaware         2 1 0
Guilford         2 1 0
West Virginia         2 1 0
William & Mary         2 1 0
Navy         5 3 0
Richmond         3 2 0
Georgia Tech         2 1 1
Georgetown         4 4 0
Sewanee         3 3 0
Furman         1 1 0
Georgia         2 2 1
North Carolina         3 4 0
Tennessee         2 4 0
Tulane         1 2 0
Wake Forest         1 2 0
Hampden-Sydney         0 1 0
LSU         0 1 0
Mercer         0 1 0
Wofford         0 1 0
VAMC         0 2 0
Alabama         0 4 0
1893 Far West college football independents records
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Wyoming         1 0 0
Stanford         8 0 1
Oregon Agricultural         5 1 0
California         5 1 1
USC         3 1 0
Washington         1 3 1

See also

References

  1. ^ National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) (2015). "National Poll Rankings" (PDF). NCAA Division I Football Records. NCAA. p. 107. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ "1892 Yale Bulldogs Schedule and Results". SR/College Football. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2017.

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