s-Trioxane; 1,3,5-Trioxacyclohexane; Trioxymethylene; Metaformaldehyde; Trioxin
3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Appearance||White crystalline solid|
|Density||1.17 g/cm3 (65 °C)|
|Melting point||62 °C (144 °F; 335 K)|
|Boiling point||115 °C (239 °F; 388 K)|
|NFPA 704 (fire diamond)|
|Flash point||45 °C (113 °F)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
1,3,5-Trioxane, sometimes also called trioxane or trioxin, is a chemical compound with molecular formula C3H6O3. It is a white solid with a chloroform-like odor. It is a stable cyclic trimer of formaldehyde, and one of the three trioxane isomers; its molecular backbone consists of a six-membered ring with three carbon atoms alternating with three oxygen atoms.
Trioxane is often used interchangeably with formaldehyde and with paraformaldehyde. It is a precursor for the production of polyoxymethylene plastics, of which about one million tons per year are produced. Other applications exploit its tendency to release formaldehyde. As such it is used as a binder in textiles, wood products, etc. Trioxane is combined with hexamine and compressed into solid bars to make hexamine fuel tablets, used by the military and outdoorsmen as a cooking fuel.
In the laboratory, trioxane is used as an anhydrous source of formaldehyde.