Countries whose name in English has the suffix -stan; and other countries that have first-level divisions whose names in English have the suffix -stan.
suffix - ( stan Persian: , romanized: stân) is Persian for "place of"  or "country". 
It appears in the names of many regions in  Iran, Afghanistan, and Central and South Asia, as well as in the Caucasus and Russia.
Etymology and cognates
-stan is analogous to the suffix , present in many country and location names. The suffix is also used more generally, as in Persian -land rigestân ( Persian: ?) "place of sand, desert", golestân ( Persian: ) "place of flowers, garden", gurestân ( Persian: ?) "graveyard, cemetery", Hindustân ( Persian: ) "land of the Indus river" ( India).
Originally an independent noun, this morpheme evolved into a suffix by virtue of appearing frequently as the last part in
nominal compounds. It is of Indo-Iranian and ultimately Indo-European origin: it is cognate with Sanskrit ( sthna Devanagari: Sanskrit: ), meaning "the act of standing", from which many further meanings derive, including "place, location; abode, dwelling", and ultimately descends from [st?a:n?] Proto-Indo-Iranian *.
Proto-Indo-European root from which this noun is derived is * (older reconstruction steh?- *) "to stand" (or "to stand up, to step somewhere, to position oneself"), which is also the source of st?- English to stand, German stehen "to stand", Latin st?re "to stand", Lithuanian stov?ti "to stand", Russian "stand", and Ancient Greek ( híst?mi ) "to make to stand, to set".
state originates from the same root, through Old French , from estat ("manner of standing, attitude, position, carriage, manner, dress, apparel" and other senses), from Latin: status . The word Latin: st?re stadium likewise originates from the root, through Ancient Greek ? ( stádion, "a measure of length, a running track").
The Indo-Iranian word has a Slavic counterpart in the form of
Proto-Slavic . In *stan? Russian, ? ( ) means "settlement" or "semi-permanent camp". In stan Polish, Belarusian and Ukrainian, means "state" or "condition". In stan Serbo-Croatian it translates as "apartment" in its modern usage, while its original meaning was "habitat". The Slovene word, " stanovanje", referring to an apartment or other closed space of living, is an obvious derivative of stan. In Czech and Slovak, it means "tent" or, in military terms, "headquarters". In Bulgarian, it means "a camp", usually associated with nomadic semi-permanent settlements or military camps. In Romanian, stân? (a Slavic loanword) refers to a temporary or semi-permanent settlement used for sheep and herds of other domestic animals.
Germanic languages, the root can be found in ("place, location; estate"), and German: Stand Proto-Germanic "place, location" in German *stadi- , Stadt , Dutch: stad , Danish: sted and English West Frisian: stêd stead, all meaning either "place" or "city".
Some of these nations were also known with the Latinate suffix
during their time as -ia Soviet republics: Turkmenistan was frequently Turkmenia, Kyrgyzstan often Kirghizia, and even Uzbekistan was very rarely Uzbekia.  
Native names Armenia ( Hayastan Armenia)
Haya- comes from legends that mention Hayk, the patriarchal founder of the Armenian nation. Names may have once included Haykastan.
Country names in various languages
Armenia Armanestân -
Bulgaria Bulgharestân -
England Engelestân -
Georgia Gorjestân - ?
Vrastan - ?
Mongolia Mogholestan -
Poland Lahestân -
(formerly Lehistan) Lehastan -
Saudi Arabia Arabestân-e Sa'udi - ?
Serbia Serbestân - ?
Provinces of Iran
Sistan and Baluchestan
Province of Pakistan
Autonomous Region of Pakistan
Republics of Russia
Administrative divisions of Azerbaijan
Regions of Kazakhstan
An autonomous republic within Uzbekistan
Autonomous region of Iraq
Province of Afghanistan
State of India
Cities and counties
^ Various places share this name.
In other countries
Arabistan - the name of the Arabian Peninsula and other meanings
Arbayistan - a Sassanid Persian satrapy in Late Antiquity
Armanestan - Armenia
Asorestan - the province of Babylonia under the Sassanid Empire
Azadistan - a short-lived state in the Iranian province of Azarbaijan under Mohammad Khiabani
Balawaristan - a revived historical name of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan
Balochistan/Baluchistan - a region in Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan
Baloristan - a region of Northern Areas of Pakistan
Baltistan - a northern region in Pakistan
Bantustan - an Apartheid-era South African and South West African black 'homeland' (the term coined by analogy)
Cholistan Desert - a desert region in Punjab, Pakistan
Dardistan - a region in northern Pakistan of Dardu speakers
Dihistan - a Sasanian province
East Pakistan - the historic name for pre-independence Bangladesh
East Turkestan or Uyghuristan - a region dominated by the Turkic-speaking Uyghur people, located in northwest China
Frangistan - a historical term used (by Muslims and Persians in particular) to refer to Western or Christian Europe
Gharjistan - a medieval region in Afghanistan
Gorjestan - Georgia
Hazaristan - the Hazarajat, homeland of the Hazara people in central Afghanistan
Hindustan - Persian name for India, broadly the Indian subcontinent.
Kabulistan - a historical name of the territory centered around present-day Kabul Province of Afghanistan
Kadagistan - Kadagistan was the name of an eastern Sasanian province in the region of Tokharistan (in what is now north-eastern Afghanistan).
Kafiristan (land of the infidels) - historic region in Afghanistan until 1896, now known as Nuristan. A similarly-named region exists in north Pakistan.
Kohistan - several regions of this name exist
Kurdistan - Kurdish region. See also Iranian Kurdistan, Iraqi Kurdistan, Syrian Kurdistan, and Turkish Kurdistan.
Lazistan - Persian name of Lazica, an ancient Georgian monarchy in western Georgia.
Lehistan - Poland
Lezgistan - ethnolinguistic region in southern Dagestan and northern Azerbaijan
Majarestan - Hungary
Moghulistan (Mughalistan) - a historical area in Central Asia that included parts of modern-day Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Xinjiang
North Waziristan - northern part of Waziristan region in Pakistan
Pashtunistan - the area of Afghanistan and North-Western Pakistan historically inhabited by the Pashtun tribes
Quhistan - a region of medieval Persia, essentially the southern part of Greater Khorasan
Registan - historic site in Samarkand, meaning "place of sand"
Russian Turkestan - Turkestan in the Russian Empire, later Turkestan Autonomous SSR
Sakastan or Sistan - a historical and geographical region in present-day eastern Iran (Sistan and Baluchestan Province) and southern Afghanistan
South Waziristan - southern part of Waziristan region in Pakistan
Tabaristan - a historical region along the southern coasts of the Caspian Sea
Turgistan or Turestan - a Sasanian province Talyshistan - ethnolinguistic region in the SE
Caucasus and NW Iran
Tokharistan, Tocharistan or Tukharistan, also known as Balkh or Bactria - the ancient name of a historical region in Central Asia, located between the range of the Hindu Kush and the Amu Darya (Oxus)
Turkestan or Turkistan - ethnolinguistic region of Turkic peoples and languages, encompassing Central Asia, northwest China, parts of the Caucasus and Asia Minor Uyghurstan, China, same as
Waziristan - a region of northwest Pakistan
Qabailistan - a region in western Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan Zabulistan - a historical region roughly corresponding to today's Zabul Province in southern Afghanistan.
Fictional Adjikistan - a fictional central Asian country in the videogame
. SOCOM U.S. Navy SEALs: Combined Assault Aldastan - a fictional central Asian country consisting of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, from
. Command & Conquer: Generals Avgatiganistan - a pun of 'Afghanistan', it means '
Fried eggs' ('Avga tiganista') in Greek. Fictional country by author Eugene Trivizas.
Azadistan - a fictional kingdom from the anime Mobile Suit Gundam 00, It means "free land". Azmanastan (or Uzmenistan) - a fictional country and region in the film
. The Expendables 3 Bangistan - a fictional country in the
Bollywood movie Bangistan (2015) starring Riteish Deshmukh and Pulkit Samrat. Bazrakhistan - a fictional former Soviet republic in the movie
(1998) starring Act of War Jack Scalia. Belgistan - a fictional Middle Eastern country in the
anime . Gasaraki Berzerkistan - a fictional republic run by genocidal terrorist godhead and
President for Life Trff Bmzklfrpz, in the comic strip . Doonesbury Brajikistan - a fictional country from season 2 of the teen sitcom
. Wingin' It Cobrastan - a fake fictional country made up by a character named Jorji Costava in his passport from the game
Papers, Please. Derkaderkastan - a fictional Middle Eastern country in
. Team America: World Police Franistan - a fictional country referred to in the television show
. I Love Lucy Hachmachistan - fictional country in
Kickin It Helmajistan - a fictional area from the anime
. Full Metal Panic! Howduyustan ("how do you stand?") - a fictional country from
comic book stories. Uncle Scrooge Irakistan - a fictional country in the game
Broforce Iranistan - an oriental region of
Hyborea ( ). Conan the Barbarian stories Istan - a fictional island state in the online role-playing game,
. Guild Wars Nightfall Kamistan (Islamic Republic of) - a fictional Middle Eastern country featured in the television series
. 24 Kazanistan - an ideal state imagined by
John Rawls in , in which there is a system of law, legal representation for all groups, and a respect for basic human rights, but not full democracy. The Law of Peoples Kehjistan - the state of the eastern jungles in the game
. Diablo II Kerplakistan - fictional country in
Big Time Rush
Kekistan - a fictional country created by 4chan members that has become a political meme and online movement. Kerakhistan - a fictional Middle Eastern country featured in the tabletop miniature wargame
. Battlefield Evolution Kreplachistan - a fictional country in the
film series. Austin Powers Langbortistan - a fictional country in the Danish
cartoons Donald Duck Lojbanistan - the fictional country
lojbanists imagine themselves inhabiting   Moldovistan - a fictional island country in
. The Real Adventures of Jonny Quest Obristan - a fictional country in
. Papers, Please
Paristan or Pari-estan - a in the folklore of fairyland Middle East, South Asia and Central Asia.
Pokolistan - a fictional country in . DC Comics Serdaristan - a fictional country in
. Battlefield: Bad Company Takistan - a fictional country in
. ARMA 2: Operation Arrowhead Tazbekistan - a fictional central Asian nation in the BBC television series
. Ambassadors Trashcanistan - a fictional country mentioned by the hosts of "
MXC". Turaqistan - a fictional country in the movie
. War, Inc. Turmezistan - a fictional country in
. Doctor Who Tyrgyzstan - a fictional country in the BBC television drama
. The State Within Urzikstan - a fictional country in
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare (2019 video game)  Yakyakistan - a fictional northern country in
. My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic Youstinkistan - fictional country in
The Fairly OddParents Zekistan - a fictional central Asian nation in the video game . Full Spectrum Warrior
Absurdistan - sometimes used to satirically describe a country where everything goes wrong
Ancapistan - a name (often satirically) given to an imaginary anarcho-capitalist country or society
Bimaristan - a kind of hospital in medieval Persia and the medieval Islamic world
Bradistan - a moniker for Bradford, England, owing to its large population of Pakistani worker migrants
Canuckistan (full name being The People's Republic of Soviet Canuckistan) - epithet for Canada, used by Pat Buchanan on October 31, 2002, on his television show on MSNBC in which he denounced Canadians as anti-American and the country as a haven for terrorists. He was reacting to Canadian criticisms of US security measures regarding Arab Canadians  Cavaquistan (
Cavaquistão in Portuguese) - a name coined after the former Portuguese President and Prime-Minister Aníbal Cavaco Silva, referring to the regions of Portugal where he achieved landslide victories in the elections held in the late 1980's and early 1990's (especially in the District of Viseu ); intended pun with Kazakhstan (  Cazaquistão in Portuguese ) 
Dalitstan.org - a Dalit advocacy website active until mid-2006, one of 18 websites that were blocked by the Indian government to check for hate messages following the  11 July 2006 Mumbai train bombings. 
- an album by Dondestan Robert Wyatt. Sounds like Spanish: "¿Dónde están?", 'Where are they?'. lit. Españistán, from
España ( Spain), humorous expression of the country as a traditional and banana-republic. Extremistan and Mediocristan - used by author
Nassim Nicholas Taleb to illustrate concepts of black swan theory in The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable
Filmistan - a film-production company
Gazimestan - name of a monument commemorating the historical Battle of Kosovo
Hamastan - a concept of a Palestinian Islamic government with Sharia as law
Iranistan - a pseudo-orientalist mansion built for P. T. Barnum in 1848 in Connecticut
Islamistan - means 'Land of Islam', used in various contexts
Londonistan - French counter-terrorism agents gave the British/English capital of London this sobriquet. Sometimes used derogatorily to refer to the large immigrant, especially Muslim, population in London.
Muristan - a complex of streets and shops in the Christian Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem
- the title of the cover art for the December 10, 2001 edition of New Yorkistan magazine
The New Yorker The New Yorkistan map itself included various districts ending in -stan, e.g., Bronxistan, Cold Turkeystan, Fuhgeddabouditstan, Gaymenistan, Taxistan, Youdontunderstandistan, etc.
Paganistan - the pagan/neo-pagan community of Minneapolis-Saint Paul in Minnesota 
Registan - a UNESCO World Heritage Site in central Samarkand, Uzbekistan
Sarvestan - a Sassanid-era palace in the Iranian province of Sarvestan
Shabestan - an underground space, usually found in traditional architecture of mosques, houses, and schools in ancient Persia
Shahrestan (several meanings) Skateistan - a skateboarding/educational organization based in Kabul, Afghanistan
MacKenzie, D. N. (1971) A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press
Johnson, Bridget. ". 'Stan Countries - What the Suffix 'Stan' Means" . About.com Archived from the original on March 30, 2013 . Retrieved 2012.
Harper, Douglas. "-stan". . Online Etymology Dictionary Archived from the original on January 1, 2014 . Retrieved 2013.
Google Ngram Uzbekia, Kirgizia, Turkmenia, Tajikia
Becker, Seymour (2004). . Routledge. p. 553. Russia's Protectorates in Central Asia: Bukhara and Khiva, 1865-1924 ISBN . 1-134-33582-2 As early as June 1920, Lenin had toyed with the idea of dividing Russian Turkestan into three national regions: Uzbekia, Kirgizia and Turkmenia.
"Lojbnaistan". lojban wiki. November 4, 2013 . Retrieved 2017.
Cowan, John Waldemar (1997). "1". The Complete Lojban Language (First ed.). Fairfax, VA, USA: The Logical Language Group. p. 3. ISBN . 0-9660283-0-9
Stuart, Keith (May 31, 2019). "Call of Duty: Modern Warfare returns to tread a moral minefield". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077 . Retrieved 2019.
Allan, Chantal (2009). . Athabasca University Press. pp. Bomb Canada: And Other Unkind Remarks in the American Media 84-85. ISBN . 9781897425497 soviet%20canuckistan%20arab%20canadians.
"Cavaquistão continua irredutível e a votar laranja ("Cavaquistan remains unyielding and voting orange") (in Portuguese)". Visão. October 6, 2019.
Carla Fernandes (2016). . Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 27. Multimodality and Performance ISBN . 978-1-4438-9465-4
Dibyesh Anand (October 15, 2011). . Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 34-. Hindu Nationalism in India and the Politics of Fear ISBN . 978-0-230-36263-5
"Govt blocks 18 sites to check hate messages". The Times of India. July 19, 2006.
Pizza, Murphy (2009). "Schism as midwife: how conflict aided the birth of a contemporary Pagan community". In Lewis, James R.; Lewis, Sarah M. (eds.). Sacred schisms: how religions divide (PDF). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 249-261. ISBN . Archived from 978-0-511-58071-0 the original (PDF) on August 10, 2011 . Retrieved 2011. [...] the Pagan community of the Minnesota Twin Cities, otherwise known by members as 'Paganistan.'