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chi
transliterationchi, ti
translit. with dakutenji, zi, di
hiragana origin?
katakana origin?
spelling kana?
(Chidori no "chi")

?, in hiragana, or ? in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, which each represent one mora. Both are phonemically /ti/ although for phonological reasons, the actual pronunciation is [ti] .

The kanji for one thousand (?, sen), appears similar to ?, and at one time they were related, but today ? is used as phonetic, while the kanji carries an entirely unrelated meaning.

Many onomatopoeic words beginning with ? pertain to things that are small or quick.[1]

The dakuten forms ?, ?, pronounced the same as the dakuten forms of the shi kana in most dialects (see yotsugana), are uncommon. They are primarily used for indicating a voiced consonant in the middle of a compound word (see rendaku), and they can never begin a word, although some people will write the word for hemorrhoids (normally ?) as ? for emphasis. The dakuten form of the shi character is sometimes used when transliterating "di", as opposed to ?'s dakuten form; for example, Aladdin is written as ? Arajin, and radio is written as . More common, though, is to use instead, such as ? to translate the name Dion.

In the Ainu language, ? by itself is pronounced [ti], and can be combined with the katakana ?, ?, ?, and ? to write the other [t] sounds as well as [t?s] sounds. The combination (pronounced [t?se]), is interchangeable with .

Form variants

Form R?maji Hiragana Katakana
Hepburn Kunrei-shiki Nihon-shiki
Normal ch-/t-
( ta-gy?)
chi ti ? ?
chii
ch?
tii
t?
,
,
Addition y?on ch-/ty-
( cha-gy?)
cha tya
chaa
ch?
tyaa
ty?


chu tyu
chuu
ch?
tyuu
ty?


cho tyo
chou
choo
ch?
tyou
tyoo
ty?




Addition dakuten d- (j/z-)
( da-gy?)
ji zi di ? ?
jii
j?
zii
z?
dii
d?
,
,
Addition y?on and dakuten dy- (j/zy-)
( dya-gy?)
ja zya dya
jaa
j?
zyaa
zy?
dyaa
dy?


ju zyu dyu
juu
j?
zyuu
zy?
dyuu
dy?


jo zyo dyo
jou
joo
j?
zyou
zyoo
zy?
dyou
dyoo
dy?




Other additional forms
Form A (ch-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
(cha) () ()
(chyi, chi) (, ?) (?)
(chu) () ()
che
(cho) () ()
Form B (dy/j-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
(dya, ja) () ()
(dyi, ji) (, ?) (, ?)
(dyu, ju) () ()
dye (je)
(dyo, jo) () ()

Stroke order

Stroke order in writing ?
Stroke order in writing ?
Stroke order in writing ?
Stroke order in writing ?
Stroke order in writing ?
Stroke order in writing ?

Other representations

Character
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER CHI KATAKANA LETTER CHI HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER CHI HIRAGANA LETTER JI KATAKANA LETTER JI
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12385 U+3061 12481 U+30C1 65409 U+FF81 12386 U+3062 12482 U+30C2
UTF-8 227 129 161 E3 81 A1 227 131 129 E3 83 81 239 190 129 EF BE 81 227 129 162 E3 81 A2 227 131 130 E3 83 82
Numeric character reference ち ち チ チ チ チ ぢ ぢ ヂ ヂ
Shift JIS 130 191 82 BF 131 96 83 60 193 C1 130 192 82 C0 131 97 83 61
  • Braille

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 7.svg Japanese Semaphore Reversed Basic Stroke 2.svg

See also

References

  1. ^ Hiroko Fukuda, Jazz Up Your Japanese with Onomatopoeia: For All Levels, trans. Tom Gally. New York: Kodansha International (2003): 19 - 20, Introduction, Words Beginning with ? Chi, Indicating Smallness or Quickness.



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