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shi
transliterationshi, si
translit. with dakutenji, zi
hiragana origin?
katakana origin?
spelling kana?
(Shinbun no "shi")

?, in hiragana, or ? in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, which each represent one mora. Both represent the phonemes /si/ although for phonological reasons, the actual pronunciation is [?i] . The shapes of these kana have origins in the character ?. The katakana form has become increasingly popular as an emoticon in the Western world due to its resemblance to a smiling face.

This character may be combined with a dakuten, forming ? in hiragana, ? in katakana, and ji in Hepburn romanization; the pronunciation becomes /zi/ (phonetically [di] or [?i] in the middle of words).

The dakuten form of this character is used when transliterating "di" occasionally, as opposed to ?'s dakuten form, or a de assigned to a small i; for example, Aladdin is written as ? Arajin, and radio is written as .

In the Ainu language, ? is used to represent the ?i sound. It can also be written as a small ? to represent a final s sound, pronounced ?.

Form R?maji Hiragana Katakana
normal sh/s- alone
( sa-gy?)
final sh (s)
shi (si)
shii (sii)
sh? (s?), shih (sih)
 
?
,
?
?
,
sh/sy- and y?on
( sha-gy?)
sha (sya)
shaa (syaa)
shah (syah)
sh? (sy?)


 



shu (syu)
shuu (syuu)
sh? (sy?), shuh (syuh)




sho (syo)
shou (syou)
shoo (syoo)
sh? (sy?), shoh (syoh)






with dakuten j/z- alone
( za-gy?)
final -j (-z)
ji (zi)
jii (zii)
j? (z?), jih (zih)
 
?
,
 
?
,
j/zy- and y?on
( ja-gy?)
ja (zya)
jaa (zyaa)
j? (zy?), jah (zyah)




ju (zyu)
juu (zyuu)
j? (zy?), juh (zyuh)




jo (zyo)
jou (zyou)
joo (zyoo)
j? (zy?), joh (zyoh)






Other additional forms
Form A (sh-/sy-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
(shyi, syi)
she (sye)
shee (syee)
shei (syei)
sh? (sy?), sheh (syeh)


,


,
Form B (j-/zy-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
(jyi, zyi)
je (zye)
jee (zyee)
jei (zyei)
j? (zy?), jeh (zyeh)


,


,

Stroke order

Stroke order in writing ?
Stroke order in writing ?
Stroke order in writing ?
Stroke order in writing ?
Stroke order in writing Hiragana ?
Stroke order in writing Katakana ?

Other representations

Character
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER SI KATAKANA LETTER SI HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER SI KATAKANA LETTER SMALL SI HIRAGANA LETTER ZI KATAKANA LETTER ZI
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12375 U+3057 12471 U+30B7 65404 U+FF7C 12785 U+31F1 12376 U+3058 12472 U+30B8
UTF-8 227 129 151 E3 81 97 227 130 183 E3 82 B7 239 189 188 EF BD BC 227 135 177 E3 87 B1 227 129 152 E3 81 98 227 130 184 E3 82 B8
Numeric character reference し し シ シ シ シ ㇱ ㇱ じ じ ジ ジ
Shift JIS 130 181 82 B5 131 86 83 56 188 BC 130 182 82 B6 131 87 83 57
  • Braille

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 5.svg Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 7.svg


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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