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Ye (? ?; italics: ? ?) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. In some languages this letter is called E.

It commonly represents the vowel [e] or [?], like the pronunciation of ⟨e⟩ in "yes".

Ye is romanized using the Latin letter E.[1]

It was derived from the Greek letter epsilon (? ?).


Ukrainian, Belarusian and Russian

  • At the beginning of a word or after a vowel, Ye represents the phonemic combination /je/ (phonetically [je] or [j?]), like the pronunciation of ⟨ye⟩ in "yes". Ukrainian uses the letter in this way (? ?).
  • Following a consonant, Ye indicates that the consonant is palatalized, and represents the vowel /e/ (phonetically [e] or [?]), like the pronunciation of ⟨e⟩ in "yes".

In Russian, the letter ⟨?⟩ can follow unpalatalized consonants, especially ⟨?⟩, ⟨?⟩, and ⟨?⟩. In some loanwords, other consonants before ⟨?⟩ (especially ⟨?⟩, ⟨?⟩, ⟨?⟩, ⟨?⟩, ⟨?⟩, and ⟨?⟩) are also not palatalized, see E (Cyrillic). The letter ⟨?⟩ also represents /jo/ (as in "yogurt") and /o/ after palatalized consonants, ⟨?⟩, and ⟨?⟩. In these cases, ⟨?⟩ may be used, see Yo (Cyrillic). In unstressed syllables, ⟨e⟩ represents reduced vowels like [?], see Russian phonology and Vowel reduction in Russian.

Bulgarian, Macedonian, Serbian, and Ukrainian

This letter is called E, and represents the vowel phoneme /e/ (phonetically [e] or [?]), like the pronunciation of ⟨e⟩ in the word "set".


The letter represents the sound /jo/ at the beginning of words (yo represents /j?/), and also represents /j?/ in the middle or end of words and /?/ in Russian loanwords and transcriptions of foreign names.

Related letters and other similar characters

Computing codes

Character Е е
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1045 U+0415 1077 U+0435
UTF-8 208 149 D0 95 208 181 D0 B5
Numeric character reference Е Е е е
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 229 E5 197 C5
Code page 855 169 A9 168 A8
Windows-1251 197 C5 229 E5
ISO-8859-5 181 B5 213 D5
Macintosh Cyrillic 133 85 229 E5


  1. ^ "Ye" is sometimes also transliterated as ⟨ie⟩ or ⟨ye⟩.

External links

  • The dictionary definition of ? at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of ? at Wiktionary

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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