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Ve (? ?; italics: ? ?) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

It commonly represents the voiced labiodental fricative /v/, like ⟨v⟩ in "very".

The capital letter Ve looks the same as the capital Latin letter B, but is pronounced differently.

Ve is romanized usually by the Latin letter V but sometimes the Latin letter W (such as in Polish or German).[]

History

Both Ve and the Cyrillic letter Be (? ?) were derived from the Greek letter Beta (? ?), which already represented /v/ in Greek by the time that the Cyrillic alphabet was created.

In the Early Cyrillic alphabet, its name was ? (v?d?), meaning "I know".

In the Cyrillic numeral system, it had the value of 2.

Usage

In Russian and Bulgarian, Ve generally represents /v/, but at the end of a word or before voiceless consonants, it represents the voiceless [f]. Before a palatalizing vowel, it represents /v?/.

In standard Ukrainian pronunciation (based on the Poltava dialect), Ve represents a sound like the English W ([w]) when in the word final position. Because of this, it is not uncommon to see words ending in ⟨?⟩ transcribed to end in ⟨w⟩, for example, = Vladyslaw for Vladislav.

Additionally, some Ukrainians also use this pronunciation in words where the letter is directly preceded by a consonant, while for others all occurrences of the letter Ve denote [w]. In the Eastern Ukraine, the letter Ve may represent a voiceless [f], but this is considered a Russianism, as word-final devoicing does not occur in standard Ukrainian. For example, the standard Ukrainian pronunciation of the word ([he] said) is /skazaw/. However in the Eastern Ukraine one is likely to hear the Russified [skazaf] (with final devoicing).

In Belarusian, the letter Ve represents only the sound /v/. In the word final position, or if directly proceeded by a consonant, it mutates to the letter Short U (? ?), a Belarusian letter representing the sound /w/. E.g., the Belarusian noun "language" is ? (mova), but the adjectival form is (mowny), and the genitive plural of the noun (formed by removing the final ⟨?⟩) is (mow).

In Serbian, the letter Ve represents only the sound /v/.

In Macedonian the letter is used for the sound /v/, but if the letter appears at the end of the word then it is pronounced as /f/. An example of this is the word [b?f] ('I was').

In Slovene and Tuvan, it is used for /?/.

In Mongolian and Kalmyk, it is used for /w/.

Related letters and other similar characters

Computing codes

Character В в
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER VE CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER VE CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ROUNDED VE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1042 U+0412 1074 U+0432 7296 U+1C80
UTF-8 208 146 D0 92 208 178 D0 B2 225 178 128 E1 B2 80
Numeric character reference В В в в ᲀ ᲀ
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 247 F7 215 D7
CP 855 236 EC 235 EB
Windows-1251 194 C2 226 E2
ISO-8859-5 178 B2 210 D2
Mac Cyrillic 130 82 226 E2

External links

  • The dictionary definition of ? at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of ? at Wiktionary

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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