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? (Az?/)
? ?
(See below) ?
Cyrillic letter ?, in uppercase and lowecase fonts.
Usage
Writing systemCyrillic script
TypeAlphabetic
Language of originOld Church Slavonic
Phonetic usage[a]
[?]
[?]
Unicode codepointU+0410, U+0430
Alphabetical position1
Numerical value: 1
History
Development
Time period~900 to present
Descendants • ?
SistersA
? ?
?
?
?

?
? ?
? A ?
Transliteration equivalentsA (Latin script)
Variations(See below) ?
Other
Other letters commonly used with
Associated numbers1
Letter ?, page from Elisabeth Boehm's Azbuka
Cyrillic letter ?
Cyrillic letter A - uppercase and lowercase.svg
Phonetic usage:[a], [?], [?]
Name:
Numeric value:1
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
Non-Slavic letters
Archaic letters

? (? ?; ? ?) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. It commonly represents an open central unrounded vowel /ä/, halfway between the pronunciation of ⟨a⟩ in "cat" and "father". The Cyrillic letter ? is romanized using the Latin letter A.

History

The Cyrillic letter ? was derived directly from the Greek letter Alpha (? ?). In the Early Cyrillic alphabet its name was (az?), meaning "I". In the Cyrillic numeral system, the Cyrillic letter ? had a value of 1.

Form

Through history the Cyrillic letter ? has had various shapes, but today is standardised on one that looks exactly like the Latin letter A, including the italic and lower case forms.

Usage

In most languages that use the Cyrillic alphabet - such as Ukrainian, Belarusian, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, Macedonian, Montenegrin and Bulgarian - the Cyrillic letter ? represents the open central unrounded vowel /a/. In Ingush and Chechen the Cyrillic letter ? represents both the open back unrounded vowel /?/ and the mid-central vowel /?/. In Tuvan the letter can be written as a double vowel.[1][2]

Related letters and other similar characters

Computing codes

Character information
Preview А а
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER A CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER A
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1040 U+0410 1072 U+0430
UTF-8 208 144 D0 90 208 176 D0 B0
Numeric character reference А А а а
Named character reference А а
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 225 E1 193 C1
CP 855 161 A1 160 A0
Windows-1251 192 C0 224 E0
ISO-8859-5 176 B0 208 D0
Mac Cyrillic 128 80 224 E0

See also

References

  1. ^ "Tuvan language, alphabet and pronunciation". omniglot.com. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ Campbell, George L.; King, Gareth (24 July 2013). Compendium of the World's Languages. Routledge. ISBN 9781136258459. Retrieved 2016 – via Google Books.

External links

  • The dictionary definition of ? at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of ? at Wiktionary

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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