%C8%98tefan Procopiu
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%C8%98tefan Procopiu
?tefan Procopiu
?tefan Procopiu.jpg
?tefan Procopiu
BornJanuary 19, 1890
Died22 August, 1972 (aged 82)
NationalityRomanian
CitizenshipRomanian
Alma materAlexandru Ioan Cuza University of Ia?i
Known forBohr-Procopiu magneton
Procopiu effect
Procopiu phenomenon
AwardsRomanian State Prize (1964)
Scientific career
FieldsPhysics

?tefan Procopiu (Romanian pronunciation: [?te'fan proko'pi.u]; January 19, 1890 - August 22, 1972) was a Romanian physicist.

Biography

Procopiu was born in 1890 in Bârlad, Romania. His father, Emanoil Procopiu, was employed at the Bârlad courthouse. His mother, Ecaterina Ta?c? was the daughter of Gheorghe Ta?c? (see Ta?c? family).[1] He attended the Gheorghe Ro?ca Codreanu High School in Bârlad from 1901 to 1908, continuing his studies at the Faculty of Sciences of the "Alexandru Ioan" Cuza University of Ia?i from 1908 to 1912. After graduation he became assistant to professor Dragomir Hurmuzescu.[2]

In 1919 he obtained a scholarship to continue his studies in Paris, attending courses of famous scientists, such as Gabriel Lippmann, Marie Curie, Paul Langevin, Aimé Cotton. On 5 March 1924, Procopiu obtained the title of doctor in physics with the thesis "On the electric birefringence of suspensions" presented to a commission including professor Aimé Cotton as coordinator and Charles Fabry and Henri Mouton as cross-examiners.[3]

After his return to Romania on January 15, 1925 professor of the gravitation, heat and electricity department of the "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University of Ia?i, replacing his former teacher Dragomir Hurmuzescu, who had retired., Procopiu coordinated the department until his retirement in 1962.[4] At the same time he was appointed professor at the "Gheorghe Asachi" Polytechnic Institute of Ia?i[3] In 1939 ?tefan Procopiu published his treatise on "Electricity and Magnetism", followed in 1948 by his monography on "Thermodynamics".

On June, 1948 he was appointed corresponding member of the Romanian Academy, being promoted to full membership on July 2, 1955.[3] In 1964 he was awarded the Romanian State Prize.[4] He was also decorated with the Order of Work (Ordinul Muncii), Order of the Star of Romania and the Order of Scientific Merit. Procopiu was also selected twice as member in the Commission for the award of the Nobel Prize.[2]

Procopiu was also deeply involved in the cultural life of the city of Ia?i. He was an active member of the Board of Directors of the National Theatre "Vasile Alecsandri" of Ia?i.[4]

?tefan Procopiu died on August 22, 1972 in Ia?i, Romania, at the age of 82.[5]

Scientific activity

?tefan Procopiu started scientific research even before graduating. He continued this activity while he was assistant professor.

The magnetic moment of the electron

The first important paper by ?tefan Procopiu is "Determining the Molecular Magnetic Moment by M. Planck's Quantum Theory". After studying Planck's quantum theory and Langevin's magnetism theory, established the magnetic moment of the electron and determined the physical constant of magnetic moment, named magneton.[6] ?tefan Procopiu published his results two years before Niels Bohr made the same discovery independently.[7]

Continuing his studies, in 1954 he established a method for the experimental determination of the magneton, which he improved in 1963.[8]

Other research before and during World War I

?tefan Procopiu also worked on wireless communications and in 1913 published a paper on "Experimental Research on Wireless Telegraphy". In 1916 he invented a device for locating and establishing the depth of bullets in the bodies of the wounded soldiers.[7]

Longitudinal depolarization of light

In 1921, Procopiu discovered and analyzed in the Physics Laboratory of Sorbonne University a new optical phenomenon which consisted in the longitudinal depolarization of light by suspensions and colloids.[8] In 1930, the occurrence was designated as "Procopiu Phenomenon" by prof. Augustin Boutaric. Part of this research was included in Procopiu's doctoral thesis.

Electromotive force of galvanic elements

Thus, in 1930, studying the Barkhausen effect, ?tefan Procopiu discovered a circular effect of magnetic discontinuity. In 1951, this effect was named Procopiu Effect.[4] This discovery had important applications in the development of the memory of computers.[2]

Studies of the Earth's magnetic field

Earth's magnetism was a continuous concern of ?tefan Procopiu, For 25 years he studied this phenomenon in Romania and developed the magnetic maps of the country. He also identified the magnetic anomaly located on the Ia?i-Boto?ani line.

In 1947, Procopiu identified a variation of the Earth's magnetic field, with a periodicity of approximately 500 years, indicating that, starting 1932 Earth's magnetic moment increases from the equator to the poles.[2][3]

Main works

References

  1. ^ George-Felix Ta?c? - Din descenden?a marelui c?pitan Constantin Balaban (1780-1845) - Institutul de Istorie ?i Arheologie A.D. Xenopol Ia?i - Al IV-lea simpozion de studii genealogice 13-15 mai 1993.
  2. ^ a b c d Diana Iane - ?tefan Procopiu
  3. ^ a b c d Mihai Olteneanu ?tefan I. Procopiu 1890 - 1972
  4. ^ a b c d ?tefan Procopiu (1890--1972)
  5. ^ Personaliti bârl?dene
  6. ^ ?tefan Procopiu - Determining the Molecular Magnetic Moment by M. Planck's Quantum Theory - Bulletin scientifique de l'Académie roumaine de sciences, Bucharest, 1913
  7. ^ a b Procopiu, ?tefan (1890-1972)
  8. ^ a b ?tefan Procopiu

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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