%C5%A2inutul Suceava
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%C5%A2inutul Suceava
?inutul Suceava
Region (?inut)
Coat of arms of ?inutul Suceava
Coat of arms
Romania 1938 - Suceava.svg
CountryFlag of Romania.svg Romania
Former counties includedCâmpulung County, Cern?u?i County, Dorohoi County, Hotin County, R?d?u?i County, Suceava County, Storojine? County
Historic regionBukovina, Bessarabia, Moldavia
Administrative capital (Re?edin de ?inut)Cern?u?i
CreatedAugust 14, 1938
AbolishedSeptember 22, 1940
Government
 o TypeRegional governor (Rezident Regal) and regional council
Population
 o Totalcirca 1.5 million
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

?inutul Suceava was one of the ten Romanian administrative regions (?inuturi) created on August 14, 1938, as a part of King Carol II's administrative reform. From August 14, 1938, to June 28, 1940, it included the whole of Bukovina, a county of Bessarabia (Hotin) and a county of Moldavia (Dorohoi). It was named after the river Suceava. Its administrative capital was the city of Cern?u?i. After its northern part (the counties Cern?u?i, Storojine? and Hotin, as well as parts of the counties R?d?u?i and Dorohoi) was ceded to the USSR on June 28, 1940, ?inutul Suceava was restructured on September 16, 1940, when Baia county became a part of the region, and abolished only a few days latter, on September 22, 1940. ?inutul Suceava had two governors: Gheorghe Alexianu (August 14, 1938-February 1, 1939) and Gheorghe Flondor (February 1, 1939-September 22, 1940). Alexianu's mandate was marked by the suppression of ethnic minority and Jewish rights.[1]

Coat of arms

The coat of arms consists of seven pallets, four of gules and three of azure, representing the former seven counties (jude?e) of Greater Romania which it included (of the total 71). Over the pallets there is a castle, representing the medieval citadel in Suceava.

Constitutive counties

The administrative reform of August 14, 1938, kept the existing 71 counties, but conveyed the marrow of their prerogatives to the news regions.

References

  1. ^ Philippe Henri Blasen: Suceava Region, Upper Land, Greater Bukovina or just Bukovina? Carol II's Administrative Reform in North-Eastern Romania (1938-1940), in: Anuarul Institutului de Istorie ,,A. D. Xenopol", supplement, 2015;
    Philippe Henri Blasen: Terrorisme légionnaire et ordonnances antisémites. La Région Suceava d'octobre 1938 à septembre 1940, in: Archiva Moldaviae 2018.

See also

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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