%C5%A0ventoji, Lithuania
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%C5%A0ventoji, Lithuania
?ventoji
Ma?as miestas
Ma?as miestas
Coat of arms of ?ventoji
Coat of arms
?ventoji is located in Lithuania
?ventoji
?ventoji
Location of ?ventoji
Coordinates: 56°1?31?N 21°4?54?E / 56.02528°N 21.08167°E / 56.02528; 21.08167Coordinates: 56°1?31?N 21°4?54?E / 56.02528°N 21.08167°E / 56.02528; 21.08167
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionSamogitia
CountyKlaip?da County
MunicipalityPalanga City Municipality
Eldership?ventoji eldership
Capital of?ventoji eldership
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Websitehttp://www.sventoji.lt

?ventoji is a small resort town on the coast of the Baltic Sea in Lithuania. Administratively it is part of Palanga City Municipality. The total population of ?ventoji as of 2012 was 2631. The town is located about 12 km north of Palanga center and close to the border with Latvia. Further north of the town is B?ting? and its oil terminal. ?ventoji River flows into the Baltic sea at the town. The town also has a famous lighthouse, which is located 780 meters from the sea. Its height is 39 meters. The town is a popular summer resort for families, during summer it has many cafes, restaurants and various attractions for the visitors.

?ventoji is an important archaeological site as the first artefacts are dated about 3000 BC. A famous cane shaped as moose head was also found in the town. It is a former fishing village now turned into a tourist town. The town always struggled to develop a port, which had to compete with nearby Klaip?da and Liep?ja. A larger port was constructed in the second half of the 17th century, especially since 1679, when it was leased to English merchants. It was destroyed in 1701 during the Great Northern War. During the times of the Russian Empire (1795-1915) the port was moribund.

In 1919, after the breakup of the Russian Empire, ?ventoji became a part of Latvia, like the rest of the Courland Governorate. In 1921 the town was peacefully transferred to Lithuania following a Lithuanian-Latvian treaty.[1]

After the territorial transfer, the town became crucially important for Lithuania as one of its few points of access to the sea. The sea port began developing again: two piers were constructed, but they were frequently covered in sand.

Thus, it never grew into a bigger port, although ?ventoji briefly became vital to Lithuania in the brief period between the German occupation of Klaip?da (March 1939) and Lithuania's incorporation into the Soviet Union (June 1940).

Notable people from ?ventoji

References

  1. ^ Latvijas ieg?t?s un zaud?t?s teritorijas, NeoGeolv, November 10, 2011]
  • Sema?ka, Algimantas (2006). Kelioni? vadovas po Lietuv?: 1000 lankytin? vietovi? norintiems geriau pa?inti gimt?j? kra?t? (in Lithuanian) (4th ed.). Vilnius: Algimantas. pp. 497-498. ISBN 9986-509-90-4.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

%C5%A0ventoji,_Lithuania
 



 



 
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