%C5%A0koda Transportation
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%C5%A0koda Transportation
?koda Transportation a.s.
Joint-stock company
IndustryRail transport machinery
Predecessor?koda Works (founded 1859)
FounderEmil ?koda (as ?koda Works)
HeadquartersPlze?, Czech Republic
Area served
Key people
Petr Brzezina
Tomá? Igna?ák
Zden?k Sváta
Jaromír ?ilhánek
Jan Menclík
Productselectric locomotives
multiple units
low-floor trams
underground trains
Revenue15,7 billion CZK (entire group, 2016)
  • Increase 1.9 billion CZK (2016)
  • 1,4 billion CZK (2015)
  • Increase 1.6 billion CZK (2016)
  • 0,6 billion CZK (2015)
  • Decrease 23 billion CZK (2016)
  • 23,9 billion CZK (2015)
  • Increase 6.6 billion CZK (2016)
  • 6.5 billion CZK (2015)
Number of employees
5,600 (2015)
SubsidiariesSee list
Footnotes / references

?koda Transportation a.s. is a Czech engineering company that continues the legacy of ?koda Works' rolling stock manufacturing that started at the end of 19th century in Pilsen. Following the first world war, the Works commenced locomotive production in a separate factory dedicated to that purpose. This factory became a separate company in the 1990s. Today, ?koda Transportation develops and manufactures electric rail vehicles for urban and railway transport.

?koda Transportation fully or partially owns a number of other companies active in the field of development and manufacturing of rolling stock, electric motors and related products in several European countries. In April 2018, the European Commission cleared purchase of the group by PPF, a financial and investment group incorporated in the Netherlands.[2]

?koda Transportation group of companies is among the world's largest manufacturers of trams and propulsion units for trolleybuses and a significant regional producer of railway vehicles.


?koda Works

Count Waldstein established a metallurgical factory in Pilsen in 1859. Starting with 100 employees, the factory was making products for breweries, sugar mills, mines, as well as steam engines and railway products. The factory was bought by its chief engineer Emil ?koda in 1869. By the end of the century, ?koda Works became one of the largest enterprises in Europe, focusing mainly on the production of heavy arms and heavy ship components.

Apart from military production, the Works were also producing a number of rolling stock components by the end of the 19th century: wheels, axles, hoops and steam engines. During the first world war the company started refurbishing locomotives. By 1918, the company had 35.000 employees and a debilitating debt accrued due to unpaid military deliveries to the Central Powers as well as unpaid pre-war loan that the company provided to China.[3]

Locomotive factory

As a part of its shift towards non-military production, the Works earmarked a portion of its facilities for manufacturing of locomotives.[4] The production started following an order for 30 locomotives for Czechoslovakia. The first ?koda locomotive left the factory on 11 June 1920. Meanwhile, ?koda gained a major contract for production of 80 and refurbishment of 500 locomotives for Romania. Due to the Romanian order ?koda regained banks' confidence which provided the company with financing to survive through the immediate post-war years. The locomotive factory became one of the company's main pillars.[5]

The company produced its 100th locomotive on 13 September 1921. In 1927 ?koda produced its first express electric locomotive which was followed by the introduction of electric freight locomotives. While electric locomotives were used on electrified lines within Prague, the company further produced electric locomotives with batteries for use within factory areas. Also in 1927, ?koda started production of diesel locomotives and diesel express trains. In the 1930s, the locomotive factory was producing on average 3 locomotives a month with third of the production for export.[6]

Meanwhile in another factory building situated in Pilsen, ?koda started producing electrical propulsion units for trams in the early 1920s. In 1936 the company started producing trolleybuses.[6]

Production of locomotives as well as trolleybuses continued during the company's period of nationalization after the WW2. After fall of communism in 1989, ?koda Works were transformed into a joint stock company, the assets of which were later diversified into several separate entities, among them also ?koda Dopravní Technika s. r. o. which included the rolling stock factory in Pilsen and which was renamed to ?koda Transportation in 2004.[6]

In the early 1990s, the company started working also on refurbishment of trams, which was followed by introduction of its first own tram design in 1997, the low-floor ?koda 03 T.[6]

?koda Transportation

The Czech Republic sold ?koda Transportation to private owners in 2002. While in private hands, the company extended its reach by purchasing stock in other companies that are active in production and R&D of rolling stock in Europe. Today, ?koda Transportation group of companies is one of the world's largest manufacturers of trams and propulsion units for trolleybuses as well as a significant regional producer of locomotives and electric trains.

Daughter and affiliate companies

Locomotive ?koda 109E
?koda 15T ForCity tram in Prague
?D Class 471 double deck electric multiple unit train

?koda Transportation a.s. daughter and affiliated companies[1]

Name Stake Place Focus Turnover CZK (2016)
?koda Transportation a.s. parent Pilsen, Czech Republic rolling stock manufacturer
locomotives, multiple units, trams
?koda Vagonka a.s. 100 Ostrava, Czech Republic rolling stock manufacturer
passenger cars, multiple units
Company founded in 1900 as Staudinger Waggonfabrik A.G.
Ganz-Skoda Electric Ltd. 100 Budapest, Hungary rolling stock manufacturer
OOO Vagonma? 51 Saint Petersburg, Russia rolling stock manufacturer
?koda Transtech 75 Oulu, Finland rolling stock manufacturer 2.874.658.000
?koda Electric a.s. 100 Pilsen, Czech Republic electric drives and traction motors for trolleybuses, locomotives, multiple units, trams 2.498.656.000
Pars nova a.s. 100 ?umperk, Czech Republic rolling stock renovations, repairs and refurbishment 2.553.419.000
Movo spol. s r.o. 100 Pilsen, Czech Republic rolling stock renovations, repairs and refurbishment 57.908.000
POLL, s.r.o. 100 Prague, Czech Republic development and manufacturing of electronic systems for applications in power electronics and other fields of electrical engineering 124.517.000
?koda TVC s.r.o. 100 Pilsen, Czech Republic production and installation of repeated single piece or small series of parts and subassemblies, especially for rail technique, machine tools and power industry 184.004.000
Lokel s.r.o. 100 Ostrava, Czech Republic development and manufacturing of railway vehicle control systems 61.036.000
?koda City Service s.r.o. 100 Pilsen, Czech Republic City of Pilsen public transport service operator 259.880.000
Trading RS Sp. z o.o. 100 Warsaw, Poland represents group's interests in the Polish market[7]
Skoda Transportation USA, LLC 100 Baltimore, MD, USA represents group's interests in the US market
SKODA Transportation Deutschland GmbH 75 Munich, Germany sales/technical support/maintenance unit responsible for business development in Germany, Austria and Switzerland.[8]
OOO Skoda-R 99 Moscow, Russia
PRAGOIMEX a.s. 32 Prague, Czech Republic rolling stock manufacturer
Zaporizkiy Elektrovoz 49 Zaporizhia, Ukraine

The group of companies employed close to 5,600 people in 2015, with revenues reaching CZK 17 billion.


Techmania Science Center

?koda Transportation and the University of West Bohemia run Techmania Science Center in Pilsen. The exhibition is annually visited by tens of thousands of schoolchildren and students who learn about various principles of mathematics and physics in an engaging way. The science center also includes a number of historical ?koda rolling stock products.[9][10]


  1. ^ a b Consolidated Annual Report of ?koda Transportation a.s. for 2016 in collection of deeds of Trade register at Plze? Regional Court, available online at or.justice.cz
  2. ^ "European Commission clears ?koda Transportation acquisition". Railway Gazette. Retrieved .
  3. ^ Diestler Radek: P?íb?h zapomenutého pr?myslníkaivot a doba Karla Loevensteina, generálního ?editele ?kodových závod?, Grada Publishing 2010, p. 20
  4. ^ Diestler, p. 23
  5. ^ Diestler, p. 23
  6. ^ a b c d "?koda - history" (in Czech). ?koda Transportation web. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "Spole?nosti ?KODA". Skoda.cz. Retrieved .
  8. ^ ?koda Transportation expanduje, zalo?ila v Mnichov? novou firmu. E15.cz, 20.11.2013
  9. ^ Science Centrum pome technickým obor?m. Plze?ský deník, 7. 6. 2007
  10. ^ Techmania pou?í i pobaví. Plze?ský deník, 14. 3. 2007.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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