|Gmina||?widwin (urban gmina)|
|o Mayor||Piotr Feli?ski|
|o Total||22.38 km2 (8.64 sq mi)|
|Elevation||99 m (325 ft)|
|o Density||702/km2 (1,820/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
78-300 do 78-301
?widwin ['?fidvin] (German: Schivelbein; Kashubian: Skwilbëno) is a town in West Pomeranian Voivodeship of northwestern Poland. It is the capital of ?widwin County established 1999, previously having been in Koszalin Voivodeship (1950-1998), and the administrative seat - though not part - of the Gmina ?widwin. ?widwin is situated in the historic Pomerania region on the left banks of the Rega river, about 100 km (62 mi) east of the regional capital Szczecin and 44 km (27 mi) south of the Baltic coast at Ko?obrzeg. In 2018 the town had a population of 15,725.
In the 12th century there was a gród on the trade route from the coastal city of Ko?obrzeg to Greater Poland. In the 13th century the settlement belonged to the Duchy of Pomerania under the Griffin duke Barnim I. In 1248 the duke ceded the area to the Bishop of Cammin, who shortly afterwards sold it to the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg. Schivelbein was incorporated as the northeastern outpost of the Neumark region. It was granted town rights by 1296. From 1373 it was part of the Lands of the Bohemian (Czech) Crown as one of its northernmost towns, in 1384 it was passed to the State of the Teutonic Order, and in 1455 to Brandenburg, which possession it remained until the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806. In 1477 a Carthusian monastery was established, which was secularized in 1539. Brewing developed at that time. In 1550, around 30% of the population died in an epidemic. In the 17th century the town suffered as a result of two fires and the Thirty Years' War. In 1816 it became part of the Prussian province of Pomerania. From 1871 to 1945 it was part of Germany.
The Battle of ?widwin took place south of the town during 6-7 March 1945, in which a German SS corps was encircled and destroyed by two Soviet and one Polish armies. After the town was captured, a Soviet general was killed by a member of the Hitler Youth. The reprisals that followed saw the men shot, and the women and girls raped by Soviet troops. At the end of World War II Schivelbein with Farther Pomerania became part of the Republic of Poland and its name changed to ?wibowina, which was officially renamed to ?widwin in 1946. The town's first post-war mayor was Jan Górski, and Polish schools, institutions and factories were established, however war damage was removed until the 1950s.
The military airport operated by the Polish Air Force is located about 5 km (3.11 mi) from the city centre. Civilians are not permitted to enter, but this airport is often used for government's aircraft. The runway is 2.5 km (1.55 mi) length and 60 m (196.85 ft) width.
?widwin is twinned with: