Panoramic view of ?tsuki City, from Mount Iwadono
Location of ?tsuki in Yamanashi Prefecture
|o Mayor||Yukio Ishii (from August 2007)|
|o Total||280.25 km2 (108.21 sq mi)|
(July 1, 2019)
|o Density||86/km2 (220/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Tree||Yaezakura (Prunus lannesiana)|
|- Flower||Lilium auratum|
|Address||2-6-20 ?tsuki, ?tsuki-shi, Yamanashi-ken 401-8601|
?tsuki (, ?tsuki-shi) is a city located in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 July 2019 , the city had an estimated population of 23,976 in 10404 households, and a population density of 86 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 380.25 square kilometres (146.82 sq mi).
?tsuki is located in eastern Yamanashi Prefecture, approximately 80 kilometers from Tokyo. the city is located in the Chichibu and the Tanzawa Mountains and the Sagami River (known locally as the Katsura River) flows through the city.
Per Japanese census data, the population of ?tsuki has been declining for the past 50 years.
The city has a climate characterized by characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in ?tsuki is 11.2 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1523 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.5 °C, and lowest in January, at around -0.5 °C.
Located in the headwaters of the Sagami River, the area around present-day ?tsuki was heavily settled in the J?mon period, and over 80 J?mon sites have been found within city limits. However, there are fewer Yayoi period sites. During the Nara period ritsuryo organization of Kai Province, the area came under Tsuru County. From the middle of the Kamakura period, much of the province came under the control of the Takeda clan.
During the Edo period, all of Kai Province was tenry? territory under direct control of the Tokugawa shogunate, although the portion around modern day ?tsuki was part of the short-lived Tamimura Domain, which was suppressed in 1704. Also during the Edo period, the K?sh? Kaid?, one of the Edo Five Routes, passed through ?tsuki, which with 12 of the 45 post stations has more post stations than any other municipality in Japan. The eleven post stations spread from Shimotorisawa-shuku to Kuronoda-shuku.
During the cadastral reform of the early Meiji period in July 1, 1889, the village of Hirosato was created within Kitatsuru District, Yamanashi Prefecture. On April 1, 1933 the village was raised to town status, and renamed ?tsuki. The town was bombed by the United States on August 13, 1945, only two days before the end of World War II. The town was elevated to city status on August 8, 1954 by merging with the neighboring towns of Saruhashi and Nanaho and the villages of Sasago, Nigioka, Hatsukari and Yanagawa.
?tsuki was noted traditionally for its production of fine silk. In the modern period, it became the location of numerous factories producing synthetic fibers.