|?taki Castle |
|?taki, Chiba Prefecture, Japan|
Reconstructed Main Keep of ?taki Castle
|Type||flatland-style Japanese castle|
|Built by||Honda Tadakatsu|
|In use||Edo period|
?taki Castle (?, ?taki-j?) is a Japanese castle located in ?taki, southeast Chiba Prefecture, Japan. In the Edo period, ?taki Castle was home to the daimy? of ?taki Domain of Kazusa Province, the Satomi clan. The castle was also known as "Odaki-j?" (?).
The Satomi clan, virtually independent rulers of all of the B?s? Peninsula during the Sengoku period, erected the original ?taki Castle in the early 1500s to guard the northern approaches to their domains, but fell into ruins by the end of the 16th century. This period of local hostilities, and the exploits of the Satomi clan, is richly described in the B?s? Chiran-Ki.
In 1590, after Tokugawa Ieyasu was resettled in Edo, by order of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, he assigned Honda Tadakatsu to erect a new fortification to help contain the power of the Satomi in Tateyama Domain. The Satomi were destroyed by the Tokugawa shogunate in 1614, but the Honda continued to rule as daimy? of the 100,000 koku ?taki Domain for the following three generations. Control of ?taki Domain subsequently passed to daimy?s from the Abe, Aoyama, and Inagaki clans before being assigned to Matsudaira Masahisa, whose descendants continued to rule from ?taki Castle until the Meiji Restoration. However, during this history, ?taki Domain was reduced from 100,000 koku to 16,000 koku.
In December 1672, an application was made to the Tokugawa shogunate for permission to rebuild the castle, stating that there was not even a single functional gate and that the 4-story donjon had fallen into ruins. The reconstructed donjon burned down in 1842 and was not rebuilt.
The current donjon was reconstructed in 1975 to boost local tourism and to function as an annex to the local Chiba Prefectural Sonan Museum containing historical artifacts including a small collection of Japanese armor and swords. As there are no surviving records indicating the appearance of the original donjon, the current structure is a mock structure modeled after 1832 sketches of its last known appearance.