%C5%8Cshima, Tokyo
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%C5%8Cshima, Tokyo
?shima

Town
?shima Town Hall
?shima Town Hall
Flag of ?shima
Flag
Official seal of ?shima
Seal
Location of ?shima in Tokyo Metropolis
Location of ?shima in Tokyo Metropolis
?shima is located in Japan
?shima
?shima
 
Coordinates: 34°45?0.5?N 139°21?19.8?E / 34.750139°N 139.355500°E / 34.750139; 139.355500Coordinates: 34°45?0.5?N 139°21?19.8?E / 34.750139°N 139.355500°E / 34.750139; 139.355500
CountryJapan
RegionKant?
PrefectureTokyo Metropolis
Area
 o Total90.76 km2 (35.04 sq mi)
Population
(June 1, 2016)
 o Total7,762
 o Density85.5/km2 (221/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeCamellia japonica
- FlowerCamellia japonica
Phone number04992-2-1443
Address1-1-14 Motomachi, ?shima-machi, Tokyo 100-0101
Websitewww.town.oshima.tokyo.jp

?shima (, ?shima-machi) is a town located in ?shima Subprefecture, Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 February 2016, the town had an estimated population of 7,762, and a population density of 85.5 persons per km². Its total area is 90.76 square kilometres (35.04 sq mi).

Geography

?shima Town covers the island of Izu ?shima, in the Izu archipelago in the Philippine Sea, 120 kilometres (75 mi) south of central Tokyo.

History

It is uncertain when human settlement first began on ?shima, but archaeological finds from the J?mon period have been discovered, and the island is mention from early Nara period documents. It is mentioned in historical records for its many volcanic eruptions. After the start of the Meiji period, in 1878, the island came under the control of Tokyo-fu and was organized into six villages (Okada, Motomura, Senzu, Nomashi, Sashikiji and Habuminato) under Oshima subprefecture on April 1, 1908. The six villages were merged to form ?shima Town on April 1,1955.

In the mid-1930s, Izu ?shima became a popular suicide destination after three schoolgirls jumped into the active volcano in the center of the island. In 1935 alone, more than 800 suicides were recorded.[1]

The central volcano on the island, Mount Mihara erupted in 1965 and again in 1986, forcing the temporary evacuation of the inhabitants.

On 16 October 2013, Typhoon Wipha passed over the island, dropping 80 cm (31 in) of rain in 24 hours and causing a landslide that killed 35 people.[2]

Economy

Fishing and seasonal tourism are the mainstays of the economy of ?shima.

Transportation

Airport

Education

?shima town operates three public elementary schools and three public middle schools. The Tokyo Metropolitan Board of Education operated two high schools. ?shima High School is an agriculture school known for producing baseball players, and ?shima International Maritime Academy is a marine biology school. ?shima High School is attended primarily by children native to the island. ?shima International Maritime Academy draws students from mainland Tokyo and neighboring Izu in order to participate in its marine biology program.

Sister city relations

United States - Hilo, Hawaii, United States[3]

Local attractions

The island is known for its Camellia Festival, Hanabi Festival, five black sand beaches, and several onsen.

References

  1. ^ "Japan's Fiery Pit of Death". Chicago Tribune. May 10, 1936. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ Kyodo, Jiji. "Izu-Oshima Island holds memorial for mudslide victims of Typhoon Wipha". The Japan Times. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ "US-Japan Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. Retrieved 2015.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

%C5%8Cshima,_Tokyo
 



 



 
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