?shima Town Hall
Location of ?shima in Tokyo Metropolis
|o Total||90.76 km2 (35.04 sq mi)|
(June 1, 2016)
|o Density||85.5/km2 (221/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Tree||Camellia japonica|
|- Flower||Camellia japonica|
|Address||1-1-14 Motomachi, ?shima-machi, Tokyo 100-0101|
?shima ( is a ?shima-machi)town located in ?shima Subprefecture, Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 February 2016 , the town had an estimated population of 7,762, and a population density of 85.5 persons per km². Its total area is 90.76 square kilometres (35.04 sq mi).
It is uncertain when human settlement first began on ?shima, but archaeological finds from the J?mon period have been discovered, and the island is mention from early Nara period documents. It is mentioned in historical records for its many volcanic eruptions. After the start of the Meiji period, in 1878, the island came under the control of Tokyo-fu and was organized into six villages (Okada, Motomura, Senzu, Nomashi, Sashikiji and Habuminato) under Oshima subprefecture on April 1, 1908. The six villages were merged to form ?shima Town on April 1,1955.
In the mid-1930s, Izu ?shima became a popular suicide destination after three schoolgirls jumped into the active volcano in the center of the island. In 1935 alone, more than 800 suicides were recorded.
The central volcano on the island, Mount Mihara erupted in 1965 and again in 1986, forcing the temporary evacuation of the inhabitants.
Fishing and seasonal tourism are the mainstays of the economy of ?shima.
?shima town operates three public elementary schools and three public middle schools. The Tokyo Metropolitan Board of Education operated two high schools. ?shima High School is an agriculture school known for producing baseball players, and ?shima International Maritime Academy is a marine biology school. ?shima High School is attended primarily by children native to the island. ?shima International Maritime Academy draws students from mainland Tokyo and neighboring Izu in order to participate in its marine biology program.
The island is known for its Camellia Festival, Hanabi Festival, five black sand beaches, and several onsen.