%C5%8Ckubo Clan
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%C5%8Ckubo Clan
?kubo clan
Okubo mon.jpg
?kubo clan crest
Home provinceMikawa
Parent houseFujiwara clan via the Utsunomiya clan
Titlesdaimy?, viscount
Founder?kubo Tadatoshi
Final ruler?kubo Tadayoshi (II)
Founding year15th century
Dissolutionstill extant
Ruled until1873 (Abolition of the han system)
Cadet branchesfour cadet branches to the Meiji Restoration

The ?kubo clan (?, ?kubo-shi) were a samurai kin group which rose to prominence in the Sengoku period and the Edo periods.[1] Under the Tokugawa shogunate, the ?kubo, as hereditary vassals of the Tokugawa clan, were classified as one of the fudai daimy? clans.[2]

?kubo clan genealogy

The ?kubo clan traces its origins to 16th century Mikawa Province.[2] The ?kubo claimed descent from the Utsunomiya clan, descendants of Fujiwara no Michikane (955-995).[3] ?kubo Tadatoshi (1499-1581) and his younger brother ?kubo Tadakazu (1511-1583) were the first to abandon the Utaunomiya name for "?kubo". Both brothers were among the seven closest retainers of Matsudaira Hirotada, the father of Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Main branch

The head of this clan, ?kubo Tadanori line was ennobled as a viscount ("shishaku") in the kazoku peerage system.[3]

Cadet lines

  • A cadet branch was created in 1601 for ?kubo Tadasuke (1537-1613), the second son of ?kubo Tadakazu, who had served as a general in the armies of Tokugawa Ieyasu. ?kubo Tadasuke was given Numazu Castle and assigned Numazu Domain (20,000 koku) in Suruga Province; however, he died without leaving any heirs, and the domain reverted to the shogunate.[3]
  • A cadet branch of the ?kubo was created in 1684. The descendants of ?kubo Tadatame (1554-1616), the sixth son of ?kubo Tadakazu, has served as hatamoto to the Tokugawa shogunate. In 1687, ?kubo Tadataka had amassed a revenue base of 10,000 koku, which qualified him to join the ranks of the daimy?. His son, ?kubo Tsuneharu (1675-1728) was assigned to Karasuyama Domain (30,000 koku) in Shimotsuke Province in 1725, where his descendants remained until the Meiji restoration. The head of this clan line, ?kubo Tadayori, was ennobled as a "Viscount" in the Meiji period.[3]
  • A cadet branch of the ?kubo was created in 1706. This clan line was instituted for the descendants of ?kubo Norihiro (1657-1737), who were installed at Ogino-Yamanaka Domain (13,000 koku) in Sagami Province from 1718 through 1868. The head of this clan line was ennobled as a "Viscount" in the Meiji period.[3]

Indirect ?kubo kazoku lines

Notes

  1. ^ Meyer, Eva-Maria. "Gouverneure von Kyôto in der Edo-Zeit." Universität Tübingen (in German)
  2. ^ a b c Appert, Georges. (1888). Ancien Japon, p. 75
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Papinot, Edmond. (2003). Nobiliare du Japon -- ?kubo, p. 46; Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie du Japon; retrieved 2012-11-7
  4. ^ Odawara castle
  5. ^ Röhl, William. (2005). History of Law in Japan Since 1868, p. 98; Acton, John et al. (1906). The Cambridge Modern History, p. 865. London: Macmillan & Company
  6. ^ McLaren, Walter. (1966). A Political History of Japan: During the Meiji Era, 1867-1912, p. 117

References

  • Dalberg-Acton, John, George Walter Prothero and Adolphus William Ward and Stanley Mordaunt Leathes. (1906). The Cambridge Modern History, p. 865. London: Macmillan & Company
  • Appert, Georges and H. Kinoshita. (1888). Ancien Japon. Tokyo: Imprimerie Kokubunsha
  • McLaren, Walter. (1966). A Political History of Japan: During the Meiji Era, 1867-1912.. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-7146-2018-1
  • Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in de Edo-Zeit: Unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Jahre 1846 bis 1867. Münster: Tagenbuch. ISBN 3-8258-3939-7
  • Papinot, Edmond. (1906) Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie du japon. Tokyo: Librarie Sansaisha...Click link for digitized 1906 Nobiliaire du japon (2003)
  • Röhl, William. (2005). History of Law in Japan Since 1868. Leiden: Brill Publishers. ISBN 90-04-08591-2
  • Sasaki, Suguru. (2002). Boshin sens?: haisha no Meiji ishin. Tokyo: Chk?ron-shinsha

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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