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?ita

?ita City
From top left: Funai Castle, Monkeys in Mount Takasaki, Motomachi Stone Buddhas, ?ita Stadium, Old ?ita Bank, Shopping street in central ?ita
From top left: Funai Castle, Monkeys in Mount Takasaki, Motomachi Stone Buddhas, ?ita Stadium, Old ?ita Bank, Shopping street in central ?ita
Flag of ?ita
Flag
Official seal of ?ita
Emblem
Location of ?ita in ?ita Prefecture
Location of ?ita in ?ita Prefecture
?ita is located in Japan
?ita
?ita
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 33°14?0?N 131°36?24?E / 33.23333°N 131.60667°E / 33.23333; 131.60667Coordinates: 33°14?0?N 131°36?24?E / 33.23333°N 131.60667°E / 33.23333; 131.60667
CountryJapan
RegionKyushu
Prefecture?ita Prefecture
Government
 o MayorKiichiro Sato (since April 2015)
Area
 o Total502.38 km2 (193.97 sq mi)
Population
(June 1, 2019)
 o Total477,715
 o Density950/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Symbols
 o TreeElaeocarpus sylvestris
 o FlowerCamellia sasanqua
Time zoneUTC+9 (JST)
City hall address2-31 Niage-machi, ?ita-shi, ?ita-ken
870-8504
Websitewww.city.oita.oita.jp

?ita (, ?ita-shi) is the capital city of ?ita Prefecture, located on the island of Kyushu, Japan.

On January 1, 2005, the town of Notsuharu (from ?ita District) and the town of Saganoseki (from Kitaamabe District) were merged into ?ita.

Demographics and geography

City view from city centre

?ita is the most populous city in ?ita Prefecture. As of March 31, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 478,491, with 216,853 households and a population density of 950 persons per km2.[1] The total area of the city is 502.39 km2.

The city is bordered by City of Beppu to the northwest, City of Yufu to the west, City of Taketa to the southwest, City of Bungo-?no to the south, and City of Usuki to the southeast. The north of the city faces Beppu Bay and the Seto Inland Sea.

Main street of ?ita

Economy

During the 1960s and 1970s, an industrial region was formed along the Beppu Gulf coast. Among the plants in the region were flagship plants of Nippon Steel and Showa Denko.

In the 1970s, Toshiba and Canon built and expanded their plants in inland area. By then, the city emerged as a major production center of electronics products such as LSIs and digital cameras.

The downtown and shopping districts are located to the north of Oita Station. Recently, however, the area has been gradually declining, because the main commercial areas have been dispersed due to the construction of big shopping malls in the suburbs.

History

The ?ita area is historically known as Funai (), the capital of Bungo Province ().

During the Sengoku period (15th-16th centuries), the powerful ?tomo clan based in Funai and the area prospered as a key port of trade with Portugal and Ming-dynasty China. ?tomo S?rin, a famous Christian daimy?, first introduced western culture. It was in Funai that the first western style hospital was built and the first Japanese choir was formed.

Climate

?ita has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is somewhat lower in winter.

Climate data for ?ita, ?ita
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.5
(70.7)
25.5
(77.9)
29.3
(84.7)
31.2
(88.2)
32.1
(89.8)
35.7
(96.3)
37.3
(99.1)
37.6
(99.7)
36.5
(97.7)
32.8
(91.0)
27.2
(81.0)
25.0
(77.0)
37.6
(99.7)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
18.0
(64.4)
21.4
(70.5)
26.0
(78.8)
28.5
(83.3)
31.9
(89.4)
34.9
(94.8)
34.6
(94.3)
32.8
(91.0)
27.4
(81.3)
23.5
(74.3)
18.8
(65.8)
35.3
(95.5)
Average high °C (°F) 10.0
(50.0)
10.3
(50.5)
13.5
(56.3)
18.8
(65.8)
22.9
(73.2)
25.8
(78.4)
30.2
(86.4)
31.3
(88.3)
27.4
(81.3)
22.4
(72.3)
17.5
(63.5)
12.6
(54.7)
20.2
(68.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
5.9
(42.6)
8.8
(47.8)
14.0
(57.2)
18.2
(64.8)
21.8
(71.2)
26.1
(79.0)
26.8
(80.2)
23.2
(73.8)
17.8
(64.0)
12.7
(54.9)
7.7
(45.9)
15.7
(60.3)
Average low °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
1.7
(35.1)
4.1
(39.4)
9.3
(48.7)
13.6
(56.5)
18.1
(64.6)
22.6
(72.7)
23.0
(73.4)
19.5
(67.1)
13.4
(56.1)
8.1
(46.6)
3.1
(37.6)
11.5
(52.7)
Mean minimum °C (°F) -2.8
(27.0)
-2.8
(27.0)
-1.1
(30.0)
2.4
(36.3)
8.0
(46.4)
13.6
(56.5)
19.4
(66.9)
20.2
(68.4)
14.2
(57.6)
7.7
(45.9)
2.2
(36.0)
-1.3
(29.7)
-3.6
(25.5)
Record low °C (°F) -6.9
(19.6)
-7.1
(19.2)
-4.8
(23.4)
-1.5
(29.3)
1.7
(35.1)
9.0
(48.2)
14.3
(57.7)
15.5
(59.9)
8.8
(47.8)
2.0
(35.6)
-1.5
(29.3)
-5.1
(22.8)
-7.1
(19.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 44.9
(1.77)
66.9
(2.63)
98.0
(3.86)
132.3
(5.21)
157.8
(6.21)
266.6
(10.50)
240.3
(9.46)
174.8
(6.88)
227.1
(8.94)
135.2
(5.32)
61.4
(2.42)
32.3
(1.27)
1,637.6
(64.47)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 1
(0.4)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.8)
Average relative humidity (%) 65 66 68 71 74 79 80 78 78 74 71 67 73
Mean monthly sunshine hours 144.8 137.2 169.3 169.2 179.7 138.3 181.4 199.9 147.5 159.3 142.0 145.1 1,913.7
Source: NOAA (1961-1990)[2]

Landmarks and points of interest

Marine Palace AKA "Umi Tamago"
Takasaki Mountain

Takasaki mountain () that borders Beppu is famous for wild monkeys, specifically the Japanese macaque.

At the entrance to the Takasaki-yama park is the "Marine Palace" aquarium, also known as "Umi Tamago", or "Sea Egg".[3]

The ?ita Stadium, also known as Big Eye or Kyushu Oil Dome, is situated along the city expressway. It is the home field of the J. League football club Oita Trinita and is used for large local events.

In the middle of the city, there are many shops and department stores. Some major departmental stores include Tokiwa, Parco, Frespo Kasugaura, and D Plaza. There are also shopping malls in the suburbs, such as Tokiwa Wasada Town and Park Place Oita.

Outside the city, scenic spots include mountain plateaus, seaside villages and towns renowned for onsen (geothermal hot springs).

?ita is also famous for the intestines of puffer fish.

Toriten is another famous food in this city.

Transportation

Japan National Route 10 at Oita, Oita

The principal railway station of the city is ?ita Station where Nipp? Main Line, Ky?dai Main Line, and H?hi Main Line of JR Kyushu gathers. The luxury Aru Ressha train was designed by Eiji Mitooka. It runs between ?ita and Hita and is in service to also revive tourism and the local economy.[4]

Buses are the primary mode of transportation in Oita, run by two main bus service companies. The Oita Bus Company operates bus routes in the city. The Oita Kotsu Company runs north of the city. For long distance bus services, these two companies, as well as Kamenoi Bus Company operate bus routes from Oita to main place of Kyushu, such as Fukuoka and Kumamoto, and Osaka, Nagoya and more.

Oita Airport is located nearby, at Kunisaki, and used to be accessible via hovercraft, which takes about 30 minutes. However, this service has been suspended since late 2009. Other ways of accessing the airport is by bus, taxi or a private vehicle.

The ?ita Expressway, Higashikyushu Expressway, National Route 10 and National Route 210 all run through the city.

Many ships depart from the Port of Oita, to places such as Kansai, and Shikoku.

Sports

Annual sporting events include:

Sporting events held in Oita include:

Sports teams and facilities

Club Sports League Venue Established
Oita Trinita Football J. League
Division 1
?ita Stadium 1994 (as Oita Trinity, changed to current name from 1999)
Vasagey Oita Futsal F. League Oita Prefectural General Gymnasium 2003
Oita Miyoshi Weisse Adler Volleyball V.League Toto Oita factory gymnasium 1996 (as Miyoshi Department of Cardiology EKG, changed to current name from 2006)

Education

Oita City operates all public elementary and junior high schools, while the prefecture operates the high schools.

National universities

Prefectural universities

Private universities

High schools

  • ?ita Uenogaoka High School
  • ?ita Oginodai High School
  • ?ita K?gy? High School
  • ?ita Sh?gy? High School
  • ?ita Tsurusaki High School
  • ?ita Nishi High School
  • ?ita Higashi High School
  • ?ita Hofu High School (middle and high school)
  • ?ita Maizuru High School
  • ?ita Minami High School
  • Geijutsu Midorigaoka High School
  • J?h? Kagaku High School
  • Tsurusaki K?gy? High School

Notable people from ?ita

Sister cities

References

  1. ^ "Official website of ?ita city" (in Japanese). Japanita City. Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ "Oita Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ "". Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2015/08/08/national/luxury-dream-train-designed-over-100-years-ago-goes-into-service-in-kyushu/#.VeV_hn3Qgse
  5. ^ Beppu-Oita Mainichi Marathon. ARRS (2009-12-24). Retrieved on 2010-02-08.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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