%C4%8Ceska Televize
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%C4%8Cesk%C3%A1 Televize
?eská televize
TypePublic Television
Country
AvailabilityNational
Slogan
()
OwnerPublic
Key people
Petr Dvo?ák (General director)
Launch date
1 January 1992; 27 years ago (1992-01-01)
Official website
http://www.ceskatelevize.cz
?eská televize building in Prague

?eská televize (Czech pronunciation: ['tska: 't?l?v?z?], abbreviation: ?T, English: Czech Television) is a public television broadcaster in the Czech Republic, broadcasting six channels. It is the successor to Czechoslovak Television, founded in 1953.

History

Czech Television

Czech Television was established 1 January 1992 as a successor to Czechoslovak Television. It is based on Czech Television Act (Act No. 483/1991 Coll.) as a television service for the citizens of the Czech Republic.

On 1 January 1993, a new concept of channels broadcast by Czech Television was introduced, which were renamed to ?T1 (formerly ?TV), ?T2 (formerly F1), and ?T3 (formerly OK3). On 3 February 1994, Czech Television freed one of the nationwide broadcast channels in accordance with the law; starting February 4, 1994 Czech Television was left with two channels, ?T1 and ?T2.

In 2005 news channel ?T24 and the following year ?T Sport were launched. In 2013, the broadcaster added two new channels, ?T :D (children's) and ?T art (arts/culture).

Czech TV Crisis

The "Czech TV crisis" occurred at the end of 2000 and lasted until early 2001 as a battle for control of the airwaves, which included jamming and accusations of censorship. During the Czech TV crisis, Czech TV reporters organized an industrial dispute by staging a sit-in and occupying the news studio and rejected attempts by Jana Bobo?íková to fire them. They were supported in their protest by politicians such as the then President Václav Havel and by Czech celebrities, but every time they tried to air their news broadcasts, Bobo?íková and Ji?í Hoda? would jam the transmission either with a "technical fault" screen reading: "An unauthorized signal has entered this transmitter. Broadcasting will resume in a few minutes", or with their own news broadcasts featuring Jana Bobo?íková and a team she had hired to "replace" the staff members she had sought to terminate.

The Czech TV crisis eventually ended in early 2001, following the departure from Czech TV of Hoda? and Bobo?íková, under pressure by the street demonstration participants and at the request of the Czech Parliament, which had held an emergency session due to the crisis.

Channels

Current

Logo Type of programming
?T1 logo 2012.svg

?T1 is a generalist channel, showing family-oriented television, Czech movies, children's programming, news and documentaries. ?T1 HD is the high-definition version of ?T1. Previously HD programming was shown on ?T HD, covering ?T1, ?T2 and ?T4.

?T2 logo 2012.svg

?T2 broadcasts documentaries and nature-oriented shows such as documentary films by David Attenborough. This channel also frequently shows foreign films in the original versions with Czech subtitles, including many English-language movies. ?T2 HD is the high-definition version of ?T2.

?T24 logo.png

?T24 is Czech's first and only 24-hour news channel, provides news and information around the clock with bulletins every hour.

?T24 is broadcast live over the internet, as well as over the satellites Astra 3A, Astra 1KR and Intelsat 10-02. It is also carried on Czech cable-TV providers and digital terrestrial services.

?T Sport logo 2012.svg

?T Sport (previously ?T4 Sport and ?T4) is a sports channel, it broadcasts live over the satellites Astra 3A, Astra 1KR and Intelsat 10-02. It is also carried on Czech cable-TV providers and digital terrestrial services. Broadcast parts of major world, European and Czech sports events (i.e. Olympic Games, World Cups or European Championships) are broadcast here.

?T Sport HD is the high-definition version of ?T Sport, launched on 3 May 2012 and replaced ?T HD.

?T-D logo.svg

?T Dé?ko is a children's channel designed for young viewers 4 to 12 years of age and was launched on 31 August 2013.

?T Dé?ko broadcasts from 6 am to 8 pm, and shares its frequency with cultural channel ?T art which uses the remaining hours.

?T Art logo.svg

?T art is an arts and culture channel launched on 31 August 2013.

?T art broadcasts from 8 pm to 6 am, and shares its frequency with children's channel ?T Dé?ko which uses the remaining hours.

Former

Logo Type of programming

?T HD was the high-definition channel from ?T, broadcasting programmes from ?T1, ?T2 and ?T Sport. On 1 March 2012, the channel was transformed into ?T1 HD, ?T2 HD, ?T sport HD. From 15 November also on satellite ?T24 HD, ?T art HD, ?T :D HD

Funding and management

?eská televize is funded through television licence fees (larger part of revenue) and from advertising (where it is less successful than commercial television stations). During 2004 and 2005 the organisation lobbied the Czech government to increase the licence fee so that advertising could be eliminated.

Media occasionally raise questions about how much ?eská televize is able to withstand pressure both from the governing parties and the opposition and maintain unbiased and critical coverage of politics. Most criticism are from left-wing and nationalist parties and groups. In long struggle with ?T is also president of Czech Republic, Milo? Zeman, who on last occasion unofficially suggest to create possibility for citizens who disagree with ?T, can pay compulsory television licence fee for charitable and social programs. Because of biased anti-Zeman and anti-leftist stances, some left-wing legislators (Jaroslav Foldyna and others) said they will vote against annual report of ?T until all financial connections of ?T will be revealed. In 2013 was publicly revealed information about incomes and salaries of ?T official Karel Burian, director of Brno ?T who earned in first half of 2011 nearly 2 million CZK (about 80,000 USD), which is much more than Czech Republic top politicians, including more than prime minister or president of Czech Republic.[1][2][3]

The current General Manager of ?eská televize is Petr Dvo?ák, who was elected for a six-year term by the Czech Television Council (Rada ?eské televize).

References

  1. ^ "Útok prezidenta na ve?ejnoprávní televizi nemá obdoby, zu?í ?T". parlamentnilisty.cz. Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ "Královský plat ?éfa brn?nské ?T: Za 6 m?síc? 2 miliony!". blesk.cz. Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ "hlidamemedia.cz". hlidamemedia.cz. Retrieved 2018.

External links

Coordinates: 50°03?N 14°25.57?E / 50.050°N 14.42617°E / 50.050; 14.42617


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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