Z
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Z

 z U+007A, z LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
 y[U+0079] Basic Latin { ->[U+007B]
 ｚ U+FF5A, ｚ FULLWIDTH LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
 ｙ[U+FF59] Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms ｛ ->[U+FF5B]

Translingual

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation

•  IPA (file)

Letter

z (upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

Symbol

z

1. (metrology) Symbol for the prefix zepto-.
2. (astronomy) Symbol for the redshift.
3. (mathematics) Used to denote a real variable when x and y are already in use.
${\displaystyle f\left(x,y,z\right)=\sin x+\cos y+\tan z}$
4. (mathematics) Used to denote the third coordinate in three-dimensional Cartesian and cylindrical coordinate systems.
${\displaystyle x^{2}+y^{2}+z^{2}=1}$
5. (mathematics) Used to denote a complex variable.
${\displaystyle \left\Vert z\right\Vert =z\cdot {\bar {z}}}$
6. (statistics) Used to denote a value of a standard normal random variable.
${\displaystyle P[Z>z]=1-P[Z
7. () Quantity along the third axis in a three-dimensional system, vertical when applicable.
8. (chemistry) Symbol for atomic number.
9. (IPA) voiced alveolar fricative

Prefix zepto-

Gallery

Other representations of Z:

 Signal flag: Semaphore:

English

Pronunciation

Letter name

• (UK) (key): /z?d/
•  Audio (UK) (file)
• (US) (key): /zi:/
•  Audio (US, California) (file)

Phoneme

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z, plural z's)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the English alphabet, called zed or zee and written in the Latin script.

Azerbaijani

Pronunciation

• (phoneme) (key): /z/

Letter

z lower case (upper case Z)

1. The thirty-second letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Basque

Pronunciation

• (key): /s?e.ta/

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Basque alphabet, called zeta and written in the Latin script.

Cimbrian

Alternative forms

• 's (Sette Comuni)

Article

z

1. (Luserna) the; definite article for two declensions:
1. nominative singular neuter
2. accusative singular neuter

Cimbrian definite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative dar de / di 's / z de / di
Accusative in de / di 's / z de / di
Dative me dar me in

References

• "z" in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Czech

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *j?z, from Proto-Indo-European *h?es.

Pronunciation

• (key): /z/
•  Audio (file)

Preposition

z

1. from
Toto víno pochází z Francie. - This wine comes from France.
2. out of
P?t z deseti doktor? doporu?uje tuto zubní pastu. - Five out of ten doctors recommend this toothpaste.

Usage notes

This preposition is followed by the genitive case.

Dutch

Pronunciation

•  Audio (file)
• Rhymes: -?t
• (letter name): (key): /z?t/

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.

• Previous letter: y

Egyptian

Noun

m

1. A door bolt of wood or copper [since the Pyramid Texts]

Noun

m

1. man (male person) [since the Old Kingdom]
2. someone, anyone

Usage notes

This word can be placed after a type of person and before a number to indicate that many prisoners of that type were taken.

Descendants

• Coptic: - (sa-)

Noun

m

1. being, creature (used of a snake) [Pyramid Texts]

Noun

m

1. A type of fish [22nd dynasty]

Esperanto

Pronunciation

• (key): /zo/
•  Audio (file)

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called zo and written in the Latin script.

Estonian

Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Pronunciation

• (key): /'tset:/

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-first letter of the Estonian alphabet, called tsett and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

• Used only in loanwords.

Finnish

Pronunciation

•  Audio (file)

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called tseta or tset and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

• Used only in loanwords. In more established loanwords replaced with ts.

Gothic

Romanization

z

1. Romanization of ?

Hungarian

Pronunciation

• (phoneme): (key): [ 'z]
• (letter name): (key): [ 'ze:]

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The thirty-ninth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

Declension

Possessive forms of z
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. z-m z-im
2nd person sing. z-d z-id
3rd person sing. z-je z-i
1st person plural z-nk z-ink
2nd person plural z-tek z-itek
3rd person plural z-jük z-ik

• z in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmez? szótára ('The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language'). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959-1962.

Ido

Pronunciation

• (context pronunciation) (key): /z/
• (letter name) (key): /ze/

Letter

z (upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Italian

Noun

z m or f (invariable)

1. See under Z

Latin

Etymology

The minuscule form derives from the majuscule Z.

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-third letter of the Classical Latin alphabet, called z?ta.

References

• z in Charles du Fresne du Cange's Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883-1887)
• z in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers

Latvian

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. M?lenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation

 This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Letter

Z

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The thirty-second letter of the Latvian alphabet, called z? and written in the Latin script.

Livonian

Pronunciation

• (phoneme) (key): /z/

Letter

z (upper case Z)

1. The thirty-eighth letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Lower Sorbian

Alternative forms

• ze (used before sibilants and certain consonant clusters)

Pronunciation

• (key): /z/, (before a voiceless consonant) /s/

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *j?z, from Proto-Indo-European *h?es

Preposition

z (with genitive)

1. from, out of

Etymology 2

Preposition

z (with instrumental)

1. with
Stej brat? ze sot?u. - They are brother and sister
(lit. 'brother with sister').

Malay

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Maltese

Pronunciation

• (key): /t?s/ (always word-finally and before a voiceless obstruent)
• (key): /d?z/ (always before a voiced obstruent)
• In positions other than the above, the pronunciation is not immediately predictable, though /t?s/ is more frequent than /d?z/.

Letter

z (upper case Z)

1. The thirtieth letter of the Maltese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Norwegian

Pronunciation

• (letter name): (key): /set/, /s?t/
• (phoneme): (key): /s/, /?/
•  Audio (file)

Letter

z

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

• Not used in Norwegian, only appears in loanwords from e.g. Slavic.
• Used interchangeably with s in Internet slang and informal writing.

Polish

Alternative forms

• ze
• s (archaic) [19th c.]

Pronunciation

• (isolated) (key): /s/, /z/
•  Audio (file)

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *j?z, from Proto-Indo-European *h?es

Preposition

z (+ genitive)

1. from
Jestem z Polski. - I'm from Poland.
2. out of
jeden z dziesi?ciu - one out of ten
motyka z drewna - a hoe made of wood
4. at
Jeste? z przodu czy z ty?u? - Are you at the front or at the back?

Etymology 2

Preposition

z (+ instrumental)

1. with

Etymology 3

Particle

z

1. (colloquial)
Synonyms: mniej wi?cej, oko?o

Usage notes

• As a rule of thumb, the preposition or particle should be changed to ze when the pronunciation of the two consecutive words becomes problematic. Some dictionaries claim that this rule applies to words starting with one of the following consonants: s, z, ?, ?, ?, rz, sz that are followed by another consonant. [1] Examples include:
Ten pr?t jest z ?elaza. - This rod is made of iron.
Ten pr?t jest ze stali. - This rod is made of steel.
Pochodz? z Francji. - I come from France.
Pochodz? ze Szwecji. - I come from Sweden.

References

1. ^ Wielki s?ownik poprawnej polszczyzny. Keyword "z".

• z in Wielki s?ownik j?zyka polskiego, Instytut J?zyka Polskiego PAN
• z in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Pronunciation

• (phoneme) (key): /z/
• (letter name) (key): /ze/

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Romanian

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The thirty-first letter of the Romanian alphabet, called ze, zet, zed, or and written in the Latin script.

Sani

Pronunciation

• (key): /z?³³/

Noun

z (transliteration needed)

1. water

References

• Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, volumes 26-27 (2003, Department of Linguistics, University of California), page 74
• Huang Bufan (editor), Xu Shouchun, Chen Jiaying, Wan Huiyin, A Tibeto-Burman Lexicon (1992; Central Minorities University, Beijing) (has z?³³)

Serbo-Croatian

Alternative forms

• (uppercase) Z

Pronunciation

• (phoneme) (key): /z/

Preposition

z (Cyrillic spelling ?)

1. () () with
• 1501, Marko Maruli?, Judita
po?gat su pritili sela na?a stane,
?ene z dicom htili vest u svoje strane,
inim dati rane, svih smrtno siku?i;
• 1622, Ivan Gunduli?, Suze sina razmetnoga
od svjetlosti zrak otvori,
i osta?e razlu?ene,
z bielim danom no?ne sjene:
• 1927, Dragutin Domjani?, Kaj
I srce mi greje
I z menom se smeje
I v ?alosti pla?e takaj.
1. (Kajkavian) () from, out of
• 1927, Dragutin Domjani?, Kaj vrt si senja
Obla?ek po nebu
Si stiha putuje,
A z trave jo? samo
urica se ?uje.

Letter

z (Cyrillic spelling ?)

1. The 29th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by v and followed by ?.

Skolt Sami

Pronunciation

• (phoneme) (key): /z/

Letter

z (upper case Z)

1. The thirty-third letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Slovak

Alternative forms

• zo (see usage notes)

Preposition

z

1. from

Usage notes

• The zo form is used when the following word starts with the letter z, ?, s, ? and certain consonant clusters.

• z in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Etymology 1

Letter

z

1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Slovene alphabet, written in the Latin script. Preceded by v and followed by ?.

Etymology 2

From Proto-Slavic *s?(n), from Proto-Indo-European *?om.

Preposition

z

1. (with instrumental) with, by means of, using
2. (with instrumental) (together) with, in the company of
3. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Alternative forms
• s (before a voiceless consonant)

• "z", in Slovarji In?tituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramov?a ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish

Pronunciation

• (letter name):
• (Latin America) (key): /'seta/, ['set?a]
•  Audio (Spain) (file)
• (phoneme): (key): /s/, /?/

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Spanish alphabet, called zeta and written in the Latin script.

Swedish

Pronunciation

Letter name
• (key): /'s?:ta/
Phoneme

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Swedish alphabet, called säta or zäta and written in the Latin script.

Turkish

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ze and written in the Latin script.

Turkmen

Pronunciation

• (phoneme) (key): /ð/, /z/

Letter

z (upper case Z)

1. The thirtieth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called ze and written in the Latin script.

Zulu

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.