Yn
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Yn
See also: YN, yN, -yn, yn-, and ?n

Manx

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old Irish in (compare Scottish Gaelic and Irish an).

Article

yn

  1. the

Related terms

References


Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English inn.

Noun

yn

  1. Alternative form of in ("inn")

Etymology 2

From Old English in.

Preposition

yn

  1. Alternative form of in ("in")

Etymology 3

From Old English inne.

Adverb

yn

  1. Alternative form of in ("in")

Middle Welsh

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Particle

yn

  1. grammatical particle used in conjunction with bot ("to be") to mark adjectival, nominal, or verbal complements
  2. grammatical particle used to change an adjective into an adverb

Etymology 2

From Proto-Brythonic *?n, from Proto-Celtic *eni.

Preposition

yn

  1. in

Etymology 3

Alternative forms

Determiner

yn

  1. our
Descendants
  • Welsh: ein

Welsh

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Alternative forms

  • 'n (used after a vowel)

Particle

yn

  1. grammatical particle used in conjunction with bod ("to be") to mark adjectival, nominal, or verbal complements
    Mae Tom yn darllen.
    Tom is reading.
    Mae Tom yn gysglyd.
    Tom is sleepy.
    Mae Tom yn fachgen.
    Tom is a boy.
  2. grammatical particle used to change an adjective into an adverb
    yn dda - well
    yn fawr - greatly
    yn wir - truly
Usage notes

This particle causes the soft mutation (lenition) in all consonant sounds except for /r?/ (spelt <rh>) and /?/ (<ll>) in nouns and adjectives following it, but not in verbs. Thus in the above examples, cysglyd (an adjective meaning "sleepy") and bachgen (a noun meaning "boy") have been mutated to gysglyd and fachgen, but darllen (a verb meaning "to read") has not been mutated.

Etymology 2

From Proto-Brythonic *?n, from Proto-Celtic *eni.

Preposition

yn

  1. in (definite nouns)
    Mae hi'n byw yng Nghaerdydd.
    She lives in Cardiff.
    Ydyn ni'n astudio yn y Brifysgol ym Mangor
    We're studying in the University in Bangor.
Usage notes
  • This preposition causes the nasal mutation. Before g and c it becomes yng, before p, b and sometimes m it becomes ym. In some areas the spoken language applies a soft mutation rather than a nasal one to the following word, but in written language the nasal is constant.
  • Yn is used with definite nouns. Its equivalent for indefinite nouns is mewn.
Inflection
Alternative forms
  • ym (used before m, mh)
  • yng (used before ng, ngh)
Related terms

West Frisian

Etymology

From Old Frisian in, from Proto-Germanic *in, from Proto-Indo-European *en.

Preposition

yn

  1. in
  2. into

Derived terms

Further reading

  • "yn", in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

yn
 



 



 
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