Y
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Y
See also: y', ?, ?, and Appendix:Variations of "y"

Translingual

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Wikipedia

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also

Pronunciation

  • (file)

Symbol

y

  1. (metrology) Symbol for the prefix yocto-.
  2. (IPA) close front rounded vowel
  3. Denoting an item that is twenty-fifth in a list.

Gallery

See also

Other representations of Y:


English

Pronunciation

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y, plural y's)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the English alphabet, called wye and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • The name of this letter is spelled wy or wye

See also

Noun

y

  1. Abbreviation of year.
    • 2003, Howard Tanner, Sonia Jones, Becoming a Successful Teacher of Mathematics
      Consider the following questions selected from the tests and estimate the proportion of Y8 pupils you would expect to answer correctly.
  2. (Britain, television) Abbreviation of youth., usually followed by an age appropriate for the content so marked.
    Y7
  3. (computing) Abbreviation of yes.

Adverb

y (not comparable)

  1. (slang, text messaging, Internet slang) Abbreviation of why.

Derived terms

See also


Aragonese

Etymology

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Conjunction

y

  1. and

Asturian

Etymology

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Conjunction

y

  1. and

Pronoun

y (y (or -y), plural ys/yos or -ys/-yos)

  1. Pronoun for the third-person singular indirect object.
    da-y pan
    give him/her bread

Usage notes

  • Usually seen as -y

Azerbaijani

Pronunciation

Letter

y lower case (upper case Y)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Cornish

Pronunciation

Pronoun

y

  1. (Standard Cornish) they (third person plural pronoun)
  2. (Standard Cornish, Standard Written Form) his

Dutch

Alternative forms

  • ij (in some words)

Pronunciation

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

Usage notes

In certain dialects the letter is pronounced similar to IPA: /ji:/. In these dialects, they will actually write "y" such as in "jy" (IPA: /ji:/) instead of modern standard Dutch jij (IPA: /j/).

See also

  • Previous letter: x
  • Next letter: z

Fala

Conjunction

y

  1. Alternative form of i

Faroese

Pronunciation

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Finnish

Pronunciation

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called yy and written in the Latin script.

See also


French

Etymology 1

From i grec ("Greek i"), referring to the letter upsilon (?), originally borrowed from the Greek alphabet, as opposed to "Latin i" (I).

Pronunciation

Letter

y

  1. a letter in the French alphabet, after x and before z

Etymology 2

10th century; from Old French i, from Latin h?c ("here") (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *i-?e ("this, here")), with meaning influenced by Old French iv ("there, thither"), itself from Latin ib?. Derivation from the latter poses difficulty from a phonetic standpoint.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

y (adverbial)

  1. there (at a place)
    Il est dans la maison. Il y est.
    He is in the house. He is there.
  2. there, thither (to there)
    Nous allons au Mexique. Nous y allons.
    We are going to Mexico. We are going there.
  3. Used as a pronoun to replace à followed by an indirect object.
    1. With verbs: see Appendix:French verbs followed by à for verbs which use this structure.
    2. (archaic) With adjectives. Only used with handful of adjectives (the most usual being y compris, which is a special case), mainly in legal language.
      personnes y nommées - Persons named there
      procédures y afférentes - (please add an English translation of this usage example)
      documents y relatifs - (please add an English translation of this usage example)
      eaux y affluentes - (please add an English translation of this usage example)
Related terms

Etymology 3

Eye dialect spelling of il. or Contraction of il. .

Pronunciation

Pronoun

y

  1. (Quebec, France, colloquial) He: alternative form of il
  2. (Quebec, France, colloquial) They: alternative form of ils
  3. (Quebec, colloquial) They: alternative form of elles

Further reading


Fula

Pronunciation

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

See also


German

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /y:/, /y/, /?/, /i/, /?/, /j/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /'?psil?n/

Letter

y n (genitive y, plural y)

  1. the letter y

Guaraní

Noun

y

  1. water

Haitian Creole

Etymology

Contraction of yo.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

y

  1. Contraction of yo.

Ido

Pronunciation

  • (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /j/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /je/

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Italian

Noun

y m or f (invariable)

  1. See under Y

Kabuverdianu

Etymology

From Spanish y and Portuguese e .

Conjunction

y

  1. and

References

  • Gonçalves, Manuel (2015) Capeverdean Creole-English dictionary, ->ISBN

Kamayurá

Noun

y

  1. Alternative form of '?

References

  • Languages of the Amazon (2012, ->ISBN

Ladin

Conjunction

y

  1. and

Latgalian

Pronunciation

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Latgalian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Latin

Pronunciation

Noun

? f (indeclinable)

  1. A name of the letter Y.

Synonyms

Coordinate terms

References


Lithuanian

Pronunciation

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Lithuanian alphabet, called i ilgoji and written in the Latin script.

See also


Malay

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Mandinka

Pronoun

y

  1. they, them (personal pronoun)

See also


Manx

Article

y

  1. Alternative form of yn

Mbyá Guaraní

Noun

y

  1. water

References


Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English i?.

Pronoun

y

  1. Alternative form of I

Etymology 2

From Old English in.

Preposition

y

  1. Alternative form of in ("in")

Middle French

Adverb

y

  1. there (in a given place)
    • 1488, Jean Dupré, Lancelot du Lac, page 12:
      Or me dictes fist Lancelot, des lettres qui illec sont escriptes, savez vous qui les y fist mettre
      Now tell me, said Lancelot, about these letters that are written here, do you know who put them here?

Norwegian

Pronunciation

Letter

y

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Perhaps the most troublesome sound in Norwegian. Even some native speakers tend to merge it into /i(:)/.

Old Tupi

Pronunciation

Noun

y

  1. water
  2. river

References


Papiamentu

Alternative forms

  • i (alternative spelling)

Etymology

From Spanish y and Portuguese e and Kabuverdianu i.

Conjunction

y

  1. and

Portuguese

Pronunciation

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Quechua

Adverb

y

  1. really, truly

Spanish

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Spanish alphabet, called ye or i griega and written in the Latin script.

See also

Etymology 2

From Old Spanish é or e, from Latin et.

Alternative forms

  • e
  • i (obsolete)

Pronunciation

Conjunction

y

  1. and
    • 1605, Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Don Quijote de la Mancha1, Chapter I:
      Es, pues, de saber que este sobredicho hidalgo, los ratos que estaba ocioso --que eran los más del año--, se daba a leer libros de caballerías, con tanta afición y gusto, que olvidó casi de todo punto el ejercicio de la caza y aun la administración de su hacienda; y llegó a tanto su curiosidad y desatino en esto, que vendió muchas hanegas de tierra de sembradura para comprar libros de caballerías en que leer, y, así, llevó a su casa todos cuantos pudo haber dellos.
      You must know, then, that the above-named gentleman whenever he was at leisure (which was mostly all the year round) gave himself up to reading books of chivalry with such ardour and' avidity that he almost entirely neglected the pursuit of his field-sports, and even the management of his property; and to such a pitch did his eagerness and infatuation go that he sold many an acre of tillageland to buy books of chivalry to read, and brought home as many of them as he could get.
  2. (in names of number) and
    setenta y seis - seventy-six
  3. (in arithmetic) plus, and
    uno y uno son dos - one plus one is two
  4. (informal) well
    ¡Y por supuesto! - Well, of course!
  5. (informal) what about, how about, where is/are the
    Pero, ¿y el concierto? ¿Ya no vamos? - But what about the concert? Are we not going anymore?
    ¿Y la niña? ¿Está a salvo? - How about the girl? Is she safe?
    ¿Y los archivos? Debo echarles un vistazo. - Where are the files? I should take a look at them.

Usage notes

  • Before words that begin with the /i/ sound, the form e is used instead.

Further reading


Turkish

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ye and written in the Latin script.

See also


Turkmen

Pronunciation

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called y and written in the Latin script.

See also


Vietnamese

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Sino-Vietnamese word from ?.

Noun

y

  1. (archaic, literary) he; him; she; her
    • 1958, Nguy?n ng Chi, "Th?ch Sùng còn thi?u m? kho hay là S? tích con m?i" (Kho tàng truy?n c? tích Vi?t Nam nr. 36), NXB V?n s? a
      H?i ?ó ? kinh ?ô có m?t ngi em hoàng h?u h? Vng. Y c?ng là tay c? phú n?i ti?ng ti?n r?ng bi?n b?c và xài phí vào b?c nh?t.
      At the time, there was in the capital a brother of the queen of the Wáng family. He was also a famous for being immensely rich and was an extravagant spender of first degree.
  2. (formal, derogatory) he/him, that jerk/prick/thug/criminal

See also

Etymology 2

Sino-Vietnamese word from ?.

Adverb

y

  1. (informal) exactly; precisely (like)
    y nh? - exactly like/as
    y nh? th?t - so realistic (literally, "exactly like real life")
    y chang - very much like
Derived terms
Derived terms

Wayampi

Noun

y

  1. Alternative form of ("water")
    ay'ú. - I drink water.

References

  • Handbook of Amazonian Languages, volume 4 (1998), edited by Desmond C. Derbyshire, Geoffrey K. Pullum

Welsh

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative forms

  • 'r (used after vowels)
  • yr (used before vowels)

Article

y (definite) (triggers soft mutation of a feminine singular noun, except ll and rh remain unmutated)

  1. the
    y bachgen - the boy
    y ferch - the girl
    y llong - the ship
    y bechgyn - the boys
    y merched - the girls

Etymology 2

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative forms

  • yr (used before vowels)

Particle

y

  1. (literary) that (preverbal particle used to mark a subordinate clause)
    Wyt ti'n meddwl y gall hi ddod?
    Do you think that she can come?
    Mae hi'n gwybod y byddet ti'n gwrando arni hi.
    She knows that you would listen to her.
  2. (literary) which, whom (particle used with indirect relative clauses)
    y dyn y dysgais ei fab - the man whose son I taught
    y ferch y gwrandewais arni - the girl to whom I listened
  3. (literary) preverbal particle used to mark an affirmative verb in a main clause
    • 1620, William Morgan, Y Bibl Cyssegr-lan, Genesis 1:1
      Yn y dechreuad y creodd Duw y nefoedd a'r ddaear.
      In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
Usage notes
  • y is almost always omitted in colloquial speech.
  • y is used to mean 'that' (i.e. mark a subordinate clause) when the subordinate clause begins with an affirmative form of bod not in the present tense, or another affirmative verb in any tense apart from the preterite.
Related terms

Zulu

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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