V
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V

Translingual

Etymology 1

Greek letter ?, from which Latin V derived Minuscule variation of Latin V, from seventh century Old Latin adoption of Old Italic letter ? (V), from Ancient Greek letter ? (Y, "Upsilon").

Letter

v (upper case V)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.
See also

Etymology 2

Lower case form of upper case roman numeral V, from abbreviation of IIII? or IIIIV (representing 5), from tally stick markings resembling \\\\? or ////?, from the practice of designating each fifth notch with a double cut, like the corresponding Western tally mark, tally mark 5.

Alternative forms

Numeral

v (lower case Roman numeral, upper case V)

  1. cardinal number five (5).

See also

Etymology 3

Pronunciation

  • (file)

Symbol

v

  1. (physics) velocity
  2. (phonetics) used in the International Phonetic Alphabet and in several romanization systems of non-Latin scripts to represent a voiced labiodental fricative (/v/).

Gallery

See also

Other representations of V:


English

Etymology 1

From Middle English lower case letter v (also written u), from Old English lower case u and respelling of Old English f between vowels and voiced consonants.

  • Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ? (f, Old English lower case f from 7th century replacement by Latin lower case f of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ? (f, "feoh"), derived from Etruscan letter ? (v).
  • Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ? (u, Old English lower case u from 7th century replacement by Latin lower case v of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ? (u, "ur"), derived from Raetic letter u.

Before the 1700s, the pointed form v was written at the beginning of a word, while a rounded form u was used elsewhere, regardless of sound. So whereas valor and excuse appeared as in modern printing, have and upon were printed haue and vpon. Eventually, in the 1700s, to differentiate between the consonant and vowel sounds, the v form was used to represent the consonant, and u the vowel sound. v then preceded u in the alphabet, but the order has since reversed.

Pronunciation

(file)

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V, plural v's)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the English alphabet, called vee and written in the Latin script.
See also

Noun

v (plural vs or v's)

  1. a shape resembling the letter v
    The impact was so strong, it bent the bar into a v.

Etymology 2

Clipping of very.

Adverb

v

  1. (informal) Very.
    You were acting v rude to his boyfriend on New Year's.
    • 2006, Cathy Wield, Life After Darkness: A Doctor's Journey Through Severe Depression[1], Seattle, WA: Radcliffe Publishing, ->ISBN, page 109:
      I'm v tired. I slept v badly, awake from 3-6 a.m., so I've slept all afternoon.
    • 2007, Dyan Sheldon, Deep and Meaningful Diaries from Planet Janet, Somerville, MA: Candlewick Press, ->ISBN, page 253:
      I said it wasn't a crush, I just thought he was v attractive.
    • 2019 July 23, Matt Galea, "Punters Reckon Ashley Benson's New Tatt Is A Tribute To Girlfriend Cara Delevingne", in Pedestrian[2], archived from the original on July 23, 2019, retrieved August 12, 2019:
      Since becoming social media official, Cara Delevingne and Ashley Benson have been sashaying around town together and being v cute

Etymology 3

Clipping of versus.

Preposition

v

  1. Abbreviation of versus.
    Synonym: vs
    England v Scotland

Azerbaijani

Pronunciation

Letter

v lower case (upper case V)

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Basque

Pronunciation

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Basque alphabet, called uve and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Used chiefly in recent loanwords and foreign proper nouns.

See also


Catalan

Pronunciation

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Catalan alphabet, called ve and written in the Latin script.

Czech

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *v?(n), from Proto-Indo-European *h?n?.

Pronunciation

Preposition

v

  1. in (inside, for an enclosed space) (followed by the locative case)
    On je v divadle. - He is in the theater.
  2. at (indicating time) (followed by the accusative case)
    V ?est hodin. - At six o'clock.
  3. on (indicating a day) (followed by the accusative case)
    V pátek. - On Friday.
  4. in (indicating a year) (followed by the locative case)
    V roce 2007. - In the year 2007.
  5. in (indicating a month) (followed by the locative case)
    V lednu. - In January.
  6. in (used after certain verbs) (followed by the accusative case)
    Vit v Boha - To believe in God.

Usage notes

  • The more usual form is v, while ve is used before words starting with f, v, w and certain consonant clusters

Synonyms

Further reading


Dutch

Pronunciation

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: u
  • Next letter: w

Esperanto

Pronunciation

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called vo and written in the Latin script.

See also


Faroese

Pronunciation

Letter

v (upper case V)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Faroese alphabet, called ve and written in the Latin script.

See also


Finnish

Pronunciation

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Finnish alphabet, called vee and written in the Latin script.

See also

Noun

v

  1. Abbreviation of vuosi.
  2. Abbreviation of -vuotias.

French

Pronunciation

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.
    • 1837, Louis Viardot, L'Ingénieux Hidalgo Don Quichotte de la Manchefr.Wikisource, translation of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Volume I, Chapter I:
      Lui cherchant alors un nom qui ne s'écartât pas trop du sien, qui sentît et représentât la grande dame et la princesse, il vint à l'appeler Dulcinée du Toboso, parce qu'elle était native de ce village : nom harmonieux à son avis, rare et distingué, et non moins expressif que tous ceux qu'il avait donnés à son équipage et à lui-même.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
      Through searching himself thus for a name that did not diverge too much from his own, that would suit and represent the great lady and princess, he came to call her Dulcinea del Toboso, because she was a native of this village [Toboso]: a name in his opinion harmonious, rare and distinguished, and no less expressive than all the ones that he had given to his team and to himself.

Hungarian

Pronunciation

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The thirty-eighth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

Declension

Possessive forms of v
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. v-m v-im
2nd person sing. v-d v-id
3rd person sing. v-je v-i
1st person plural v-nk v-ink
2nd person plural v-tek v-itek
3rd person plural v-jük v-ik

See also

Further reading

  • v in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmez? szótára ('The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language'). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959-1962.

Icelandic

Pronunciation

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /vaf:/

Letter

v (upper case V)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Icelandic alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Ido

Pronunciation

  • (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /v/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ve/

Letter

v (upper case V)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Italian

Noun

v m or f (invariable)

  1. See under V

Latin

Alternative forms

  • u (post-Classical)

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /w/, /u/, /u:/

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. (sometimes with littera) The 20th letter of the Latin alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: t
  • Next letter: x

References

  • v in Charles du Fresne du Cange's Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883-1887)
  • v in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers

Latvian

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. M?lenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Letter

V

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Latvian alphabet, called v? and written in the Latin script.

See also


Livonian

Pronunciation

Letter

v (upper case V)

  1. The thirty-seventh letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Malay

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Maltese

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /v/
  • IPA(key): /f/ (by final devoicing or assimilation to a following voiceless obstruent)
  • Apart form the word iva, this letter occurs exclusively in borrowings.

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Maltese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Mandarin

Romanization

v

  1. Nonstandard form of ü.

Usage notes

Used as a substitute for ü in pinyin-based character input systems. As a result, it occasionally appears in print as well, though this is nonstandard.


Mapudungun

Pronunciation

Letter

v (upper case V)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Mapudungun alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

There are multiple alphabets for writing Mapudungun. The letters that are not in brackets are from the unified alphabet, while the ones in brackets are from the four other alphabets.


Middle French

Etymology

Latin u, v.

Letter

v

  1. u (letter)
  2. v (letter)

Usage notes

  • u and v were represented by a single character in Middle French, although scholars consider them to be separate letters both in terms of usage and in terms of pronunciation.

Norwegian

Pronunciation

Letter

v

  1. The 22nd letter of the Norwegian alphabet.

Portuguese

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Portuguese alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also


Romanian

Pronunciation

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Romanian alphabet, called ve or and written in the Latin script.

See also


Serbo-Croatian

Alternative forms

  • (uppercase) V

Pronunciation

Letter

v (Cyrillic spelling ?)

  1. The 28th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by u and followed by z.
  1. Obsolete form of u.

Preposition

v (Cyrillic spelling ?)

  1. (Kajkavian) (+ locative case) in, at
  2. (Kajkavian) (+ accusative case) to, into
  3. (Kajkavian) (+ accusative case) on, in, at, during (in expressions concerning time)
  4. (Kajkavian) (+ locative case) in, during (in expressions concerning time)

Synonyms


Skolt Sami

Pronunciation

Letter

v (upper case V)

  1. The thirty-second letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Slovene

Etymology 1

Letter

v

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Slovene alphabet, called ve and written in the Latin script.
Alternative forms
  • (uppercase) V
See also

Etymology 2

From Proto-Slavic *v?(n).

Pronunciation

Preposition

v

  1. (answering question where) (with locative) in, inside, at
  2. (answering question where to) (with accusative) to, into
  3. (indicating a day) (with accusative) on, in, at, during (in expressions concerning time)
  4. (indicating a month or period of time) (with locative) in, during
    V tem aprilu je veliko de?evalo. - During this april it was raining a lot.
    V petih letih ni padla niti kapljica de?ja. - In 5 years even a droplet of rain haven't fallen.

Further reading

  • "v", in Slovarji In?tituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramov?a ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish

Pronunciation

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-third (23rd) letter of the Spanish alphabet.

Usage notes

The common letter names, as well as phrases like ve de vaca are used to distinguish the letter v from the letter b. This is done because the two letters represent a single phoneme in modern Spanish, causing their traditional names be and ve both to be pronounced as /'be/.

See also


Turkish

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ve and written in the Latin script.

See also


Zulu

Letter

v (lower case, upper case V)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


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