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From vuestra merced (literally ""your mercy" (etymological) or "your grace" (idiomatic)"), an honorific style. Compare with the Portuguese você.
- (key): /us'ted/, [us't?eð]
- Rhymes: -eð
usted m or f (plural ustedes)
- second person formal; you (singular)
- (Colombia, chiefly Bogotá) second person informal; you (singular)
- Functionally, usted and ustedes are second person pronouns, but grammatically, the verbs they govern are conjugated in the third person. See Appendix:Spanish pronouns for details.
Spanish personal pronouns
- Not used with con; conmigo, contigo, and consigo are used instead, respectively
- Like other masculine Spanish words, masculine Spanish pronouns can be used when the gender of the subject is unknown or when the subject is plural and of mixed gender.
- Treated as if it were third-person for purposes of conjugation and reflexivity
- If le or les precedes lo, la, los, or las in a clause, it is replaced with se (e.g., Se lo dije instead of Le lo dije)
- Depending on the implicit gender of the object being referred to
- Used primarily in Spain
- Used only in rare circumstances