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Up
See also: UP, úp, -up, up-, U.P., and

English

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Etymology

From Old English upp, from Proto-Germanic *upp, see more there.

Pronunciation

Adverb

up (not comparable)

  1. Away from the surface of the Earth or other planet; in opposite direction to the downward pull of gravity.
    I looked up and saw the airplane overhead.
  2. To or at a physically higher or more elevated position.
    All day we climbed up and up.
  3. To a higher level of some quantity or notional quantity, such as price, volume, pitch, happiness, etc.
    Gold has gone up with the uncertainty in the world markets.
    Turn it up, I can barely hear it.
    Listen to your voice go up at the end of a question.
    Cheer up, the weekend's almost here.
  4. To or in a position of equal advance or equality; not short of, back of, less advanced than, away from, etc.; usually followed by to or with.
    I was up to my chin in water.
    A stranger came up and asked me for directions.
  5. (intensifier) Used as an aspect marker to indicate a completed action or state; thoroughly, completely.
    I will mix up the puzzle pieces.
    Tear up the contract.
    He really messed up.
    Please type up our monthly report.
    Drink up. The pub is closing.
    Can you sum up your research?
    The comet burned up in the atmosphere.
    I need to sew up the hole in this shirt.
  6. To or from one's possession or consideration.
    I picked up some milk on the way home.
    The committee will take up your request.
    She had to give up her driver's license after the accident.
  7. North.
    I live in Florida, but I'm going up to New York to visit my family this weekend.
  8. Towards or at a central place, or any place that is visualised as 'up' by virtue of local features or local convention, irrespective of direction or elevation change.
    We travelled from Yorkshire up to London.
    I'm going up to the other end of town.
    He lives up by the railway station.
  9. (rail transport) Towards the principal terminus, towards milepost zero.
  10. Aside, so as not to be in use.
    to lay up riches; put up your weapons
  11. (sailing) Against the wind or current.
  12. (Cartesian graph) In a positive vertical direction.
  13. (cricket) Relatively close to the batsman.
    The bowler pitched the ball up.
  14. (US, bartending) Without additional ice.
    Would you like that drink up or on ice?
  15. (Britain, academia, dated) To university, especially to Cambridge or Oxford.
    She's going up to read Classics this September.
    • 1867, John Timbs, Lives of wits and humourists, page 125
      The son of the Dean of Lichfield was only three years older than Steele, who was a lad of only twelve, when at the age of fifteen, Addison went up to Oxford.
    • 1998, Rita McWilliams Tullberg, Women at Cambridge, page 112
      Others insinuated that women 'crowded up to Cambridge', not for the benefits of a higher education, but because of the proximity of 2,000 young men.
    • 2002, Peter Harman, Cambridge Scientific Minds, page 79
      A precocious mathematician, Babbage was already well versed in the Continental mathematical notations when he went up to Cambridge.

Synonyms

  • (away from the centre of the Earth): alley oop (rare)

Antonyms

  • (away from the centre of the Earth): down
  • (louder): down
  • (higher in pitch): down
  • (towards the principal terminus): down

Derived terms

Related terms

Terms related to up (adverb)

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Preposition

up

  1. Toward the top of.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:
      Judge Short had gone to town, and Farrar was off for a three days' cruise up the lake. I was bitterly regretting I had not gone with him when the distant notes of a coach horn reached my ear, and I descried a four-in-hand winding its way up the inn road from the direction of Mohair.
    The cat climbed up the tree.
    They walk up the steps.
  2. Toward the center, source, or main point of reference; toward the end at which something is attached.
    The information made its way up the chain of command to the general.
    I felt something crawling up my arm.
  3. From south to north of.
    We sailed up the East Coast of England from Ipswich to South Shields.
    • 2012 October 31, David M. Halbfinger, "[1]," New York Times (retrieved 31 October 2012):
      Though the storm raged up the East Coast, it has become increasingly apparent that New Jersey took the brunt of it.
  4. Further along (in any direction).
    Go up the street until you see the sign.
  5. From the mouth towards the source of (a river or waterway).
    He led an expedition up the Amazon.
  6. (vulgar slang) Of a man: having sex with.
    Phwoar, look at that bird. I'd love to be up her.
  7. (colloquial) At (a given place, especially one imagined to be higher or more distant from a central location).
    I'll see you later up the snooker club.
    • 2016, Alan Moore, Jerusalem, Liveright 2016, p. 94:
      "I'll tell you how I got on in the fight if I should see you up the Smokers."

Antonyms

  • (toward the top of): down

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adjective

up (not comparable)

  1. Facing upwards; facing toward the top.
    Put the notebook face up on the table.
    Take a break and put your feet up.
  2. On or at a physically higher level.
    The flood waters are up again across large areas of the country.
  3. Headed, or designated to go, upward, as an escalator, stairway, elevator etc.
    Where is the up escalator?
  4. Fitted or fixed at a high or relatively high position, especially on a wall or ceiling.
    The Christmas decorations are up.
  5. Aloft.
    The kite is up!
  6. Raised; lifted.
    The castle drawbridge was up.
    Don't go into the living room just now - I've got the carpet up.
  7. Built, constructed.
    Are the new buildings up yet?
  8. Standing.
    The audience were up and on their feet.
  9. Awake and out of bed.
    I can't believe it's 3 a.m. and you're still up.
  10. (horse-racing) Riding the horse; mounted.
  11. (of the sun or moon) Above the horizon, in the sky.
    It'll get warmer once the sun's up.
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4
      I have said I was still in darkness, yet it was not the blackness of the last night; and looking up into the inside of the tomb above, I could see the faintest line of light at one corner, which showed the sun was up.
  12. Larger; greater in quantity, volume, value etc.
    Sales are up compared to last quarter.
    My temperature is up this morning.
  13. Indicating a larger or higher quantity.
    The barometer is up, so fine weather should be on the way.
  14. Ahead; leading; winning.
    The home team were up by two goals at half-time.
  15. Available; made public; posted.
    Is your new video up yet? I looked on the website, but I couldn't find it.
  16. Finished, to an end
    Time is up!
    Her contract is up next month, so it's time to negotiate another one.
  17. In a good mood.
    I'm feeling up today.
  18. (usually in the phrase up for) Willing; ready.
    If you are up for a trip, let's go.
  19. Next in a sequence.
    Smith is up to bat.
  20. (not used attributively) Happening; new; of concern. See also what's up with.
    What's up, bro?
    What is up with that project at headquarters?
    When I saw his face, I knew something was up.
  21. (poker, postnominal) Said of the higher-ranking pair in a two pair.
    AAKK = aces up
    QQ33 = queens up
  22. Well-informed; current.
    I'm not up on the latest news. What's going on?
  23. (computing) Functional; working.
    Is the server back up?
  24. (of a railway line or train) Traveling towards a major terminus.
    The London train is on the up line.
  25. (US, bartending) Chilled and strained into a stemmed glass.
    A Cosmopolitan is typically served up.
  26. (slang) Erect. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  27. (slang, graffiti) well-known; renowned
    • 1996, Matthew Busby Hunt, The Sociolinguistics of Tagging and Chicano Gang Graffiti (page 71)
      Being "up" means having numerous graffiti in the tagging landscape.
    • 2009, Gregory J. Snyder, Graffiti Lives: Beyond the Tag in New York's Urban Underground (pages 16-40)
      Graffiti writers want their names seen by writers and others so that they will be famous. Therefore writers are very serious about any opportunity to "get up." [...] The throw-up became one of the fundamental techniques for getting up, and thereby gaining recognition and fame.
    • 2011, Adam Melnyk, Visual Orgasm: The Early Years of Canadian Graffiti:
      From his great rooftop pieces, selected for high visibility, to his sneaky tags and fun loving stickers, he most certainly knows how to get up.
    • 2003, Nicolas Barker, The Devonshire Inheritance: Five Centuries of Collecting at Chatsworth:
      Won by Park Top (Lester Piggott up), at Epsom on June 5, 1969

Antonyms

  • (facing upwards): down
  • (on a higher level): down
  • (computing: functional): down
  • (traveling towards a major terminus): down

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun

up (usually uncountable, plural ups)

  1. (uncountable) The direction opposed to the pull of gravity.
    Up is a good way to go.
  2. (countable) A positive thing.
    I hate almost everything about my job. The only up is that it's so close to home.
  3. An upstairs room of a two story house.
    She lives in a two-up two-down.

Usage notes

  • Up is not commonly used as object of a preposition.

Antonyms

  • (direction opposed to the pull of gravity): down

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Verb

up (third-person singular simple present ups, present participle upping, simple past and past participle upped)

  1. (transitive, colloquial) To increase or raise.
    Synonym: turn up
    If we up the volume, we'll be able to make out the details.
    We upped anchor and sailed away.
    • 2008, Randy Wayne White, Black Widow, page 181:
      Part of the woman's mystique, I guess. Makes people want to meet her all the more. A year ago, she upped her stock with that crowd when she bought the Midnight Star -- among the world's most famous star sapphires
    • 2011 December 10, Marc Higginson, "Bolton 1 - 2 Aston Villa", in BBC Sport[2]:
      After a dreadful performance in the opening 45 minutes, they upped their game after the break and might have taken at least a point from the match.
  2. (transitive, colloquial) To promote.
    It wasn't long before they upped him to Vice President.
    • 1940, Jessica Mitford, Peter Y. Sussman, Decca: The Letters of Jessica Mitford, published 2010, page 64:
      The other day Mr. Meyer came to see me in Weinbergers, it caused a great sensation & I think upped me a lot in prestige there
    • 2003, Richard K. Morgan, Altered Carbon, page 136:
      "Ryker's a--" He swallowed. "A cop. Used to work Sleeve Theft, then they upped him to the Organic Damage Division.
    • 2005, Larry Brody, Turning Points in Television, page 70:
      (And who, by the way, got his start as a producer from Desi Arnaz, who upped him from film editor to take charge of the Desilu series The Untouchables
  3. (intransitive) To act suddenly, usually with another verb.
    He just upped and quit.
    He upped and punched that guy.
  4. (intransitive) To ascend; to climb up.
    • 1863, Charles Kingsley, The Water Babies, page 10
      "Will ye up, lass, and ride behind me?".
  5. (computing, slang, transitive) To upload.
    100 new apps and games have just been upped.

Derived terms

Translations

References

  • Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans, "Spatial particles of orientation", in The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning and Cognition, Cambridge University Press, 2003, 0-521-81430 8

Anagrams


Middle Dutch

Preposition

up

  1. Alternative form of op

Adverb

up

  1. Alternative form of op

Old Dutch

Alternative forms

Adverb

?p

  1. up, upwards

References


Old English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *upp, akin to Old High German ?f, Old Norse upp.

Pronunciation

Adverb

up

  1. up

Descendants

  • Middle English: up
    • English: up

Old Saxon

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *upp.

Pronunciation

Adverb

?p

  1. up

Preposition

?p

  1. upon

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