U
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U

Translingual

Etymology 1

Latin V, from which U derived Minuscule variation of U, a modern variation of classical Latin V, from seventh century Old Latin adoption of Old Italic letter ? (V).

Letter

u (upper case U)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.
See also

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

  • (file)

Symbol

u

  1. (metrology) symbol for unified atomic mass unit
  2. (IPA, phonetics) Used in the International Phonetic Alphabet and in several romanization systems of non-Latin scripts to represent a close back rounded vowel (/u/).
  3. (physics) up quark

Gallery

See also

Other representations of U:


English

Etymology

Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ? (u,

From Middle English lower case letter v (also written u), from Old English lower case u, from 7th century replacement by lower case u of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ? (u, "ur"), derived from Raetic letter u.

Before the 1700s, the pointed form v was written at the beginning of a word, while a rounded form u was used elsewhere, regardless of sound. So whereas valor and excuse appeared as in modern printing, have and upon were printed haue and vpon. Eventually, in the 1700s, to differentiate between the consonant and vowel sounds, the v form was used to represent the consonant, and u the vowel sound. v then preceded u in the alphabet, but the order has since reversed.

Pronunciation

Letter name
Phoneme
Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with enPR or the IPA then please add some!
Particularly: "Canada"

Letter

u (lower case, upper case U, plural u's)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the English alphabet, called u and written in the Latin script.
    I prefer the u in Arial to the one in Times New Roman.

See also

Noun

u (plural ues)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter U.
  2. A thing in the shape of the letter U

See also

Translations

Derived terms

Pronoun

u (second person, singular or plural, nominative or objective)

  1. (abbreviation, slang, text messaging, Internet) you (in text messaging and internet conversations)
    Take me with u.

Adjective

u

  1. Abbreviation of underwater.

Derived terms


Acehnese

Pronunciation

Noun

u

  1. coconut (fruit of the coco palm)

References


Afrikaans

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Dutch u.

Pronoun

u

  1. (formal) you (singular, subject and object)

See also

Etymology 2

From Dutch uw.

Determiner

u

  1. (formal) your (singular)

See also


Ajië

Pronunciation

Verb

u

  1. to swim

References


Albanian

Etymology

From Proto-Albanian *wa, from Proto-Indo-European *su?om.

Pronoun

u

  1. reflexive pronoun

Aragonese

Etymology

From Latin aut.

Conjunction

u

  1. or

Aromanian

Etymology

Probably from an early (proto-Romanian) root *eaua, from Latin illam, accusative feminine singular of ille. Compare Romanian o.

Pronoun

u f (short/unstressed accusative form of ea)

  1. (direct object) her

Related terms

  • ãl (masculine equivalent)
  • li (plural)

Asturian

Etymology 1

From Latin aut.

Conjunction

u

  1. or

Etymology 2

From Latin ubi.

Pronoun

u

  1. where (relative pronoun)

Adverb

u

  1. where

Related terms


Azerbaijani

Pronunciation

Letter

u lower case (upper case U)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Catalan

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Noun

u f (plural us)

  1. The Latin letter U (lowercase u).

Etymology 2

Noun

u m (plural uns)

  1. one

Corsican

Article

u m

  1. the

Related terms

Pronoun

u m

  1. him, it

Czech

Pronunciation

Preposition

u + genitive

  1. at
  2. by

Dutch

Etymology

Originally the accusative/dative form of jij/gij, from Middle Dutch u, from Old Dutch iu, from Proto-Germanic *iwwiz, West Germanic variant of *izwiz, dative/accusative of *j?z, from Proto-Indo-European *y. Doublet of jou.

The use as a nominative stems from an original possessive uwe edelheid ("your gentility"), which was later shortened to U E. and finally to u.

Cognate with West Frisian jo, Low German jo, ju, English you, German euch.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

u

  1. (personal, second-person singular, subjective) you (polite).
    Bent u klaar? - Are you ready?
    Bent u er nog? - Are you still there?
  2. (personal, second-person singular, objective) you (polite).
    Ik zal het aan u geven. - I will give it to you.
    Dit zal niet werken voor u. - This won't work for you.
  3. (personal, second-person singular, objective) thee (dialectal).
    Ik doe dat wel voor u. - I'll do it for thee.
  4. (personal, second-person plural, subjective) you (polite).
    Hebt u die oefening gemaakt? - Have you prepared that exercise?
  5. (personal, second-person plural, objective) you (polite).
    Ze zullen dat wel voor u doen. - They'll do it for you.
  6. (reflexive, second-person singular) thyself (dialectal)
    Gij hebt u niet gewassen. - Thou hast not washed thyself.
  7. (reflexive, second-person plural) yourselves (dialectal)
    Wast u eens. - Wash yourselves.

Usage notes

  • The capitalization of u (as in U or Uw) is now considered old-fashioned, and no longer compulsory. In religious contexts, it is still often capitalized.
  • See usage notes at gij.

Inflection


Alternative forms

  • (Brabantian) a

Synonyms

Letter

u (lower case, upper case U)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: t
  • Next letter: v

Esperanto

Pronunciation

Letter

u (lower case, upper case U)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called u and written in the Latin script.

See also

Noun

u (accusative singular u-on, plural u-oj, accusative plural u-ojn)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter U.

See also


Faroese

Pronunciation

Letter

u (upper case U)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Finnish

Pronunciation

Letter

u (lower case, upper case U)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Finnish alphabet, called uu and written in the Latin script.

See also


French

Pronunciation

Noun

u m (plural u)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter U.

Fula

Pronunciation

Letter

u (lower case, upper case U)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

See also


Galician

Etymology 1

From Latin ?.

Pronunciation

Noun

u m (plural us)

  1. the name of the letter U.

Etymology 2

From Latin ubi.

Pronunciation

Adverb

u

  1. (archaic) where, whereby
    • 1264, E. Portela Silva (ed.), La región del obispado de Tuy en los siglos XII a XV. Santiago: Tip. El Eco Franciscano, page 364:
      pelo camino que vay peraa devesa de valadares asy como vay o porto do rrio u pasan os carros
      by the road that goes to the wood of Valadares as it goes by the ford of the river where the carts cross
    Synonym: onde
  2. where (interrogative adverb)
    U-los libros? - Where are the books?
    Synonym: onde

References

  • "u" in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • "u" in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • "u" in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Gothic

Romanization

u

  1. Romanization of ?

Guinea-Bissau Creole

Etymology

From Portuguese tu.

Pronoun

u

  1. you (second person singular).

Ido

Pronunciation

  • (context pronunciation, letter name) IPA(key): /u/

Letter

u (upper case U)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Interlingue

Adverb

u

  1. where

Italian

Etymology

From Latin ? (the name of the letter V).

Pronunciation

Noun

u f (invariable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter U.

See also


Japanese

Romanization

u

  1. R?maji transcription of ?
  2. R?maji transcription of ?

Latin

Pronunciation

Noun

? f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter V.

Coordinate terms

References

  • u in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • anger is defined as a passionate desire for revenge: iracundiam sic (ita) definiunt, ut ulciscendi libidinem esse dicant or ut u. libido sit or iracundiam sic definiunt, ulc. libidinem
  • u in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), part III: "Summary of the Ancient Evidence", page 32: "Clearly there is no question or doubt about the names of the vowels A, E, I, O, U. They are simply long A, long E, etc. (?, ?, ?, ?, ?). Nor is there any uncertainty with respect to the six mutes B, C, D, G, P, T. Their names are b?, c?, d?, g?, p?, t? (each with a long E). Or about H, K, and Q: they are h?, k?, k?--each, again, with a long vowel sound."

Latvian

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. M?lenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation

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Letter

U

u (lower case, upper case U)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called u and written in the Latin script.

See also

Pronunciation

Noun

u m (invariable)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter U/u.

See also


Lithuanian

Pronunciation

Letter

u (upper case U)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Lithuanian alphabet, called u trumpoji and written in the Latin script.

See also


Livonian

Pronunciation

Letter

u (upper case U)

  1. The thirty-fifth letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Malay

Letter

u (lower case, upper case U)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Maltese

Alternative forms

  • w (before a vowel; also after a vowel, unless the following word begins with a consonant cluster)

Etymology

From Arabic (wa), from Proto-Semitic *wa. Cognate with Hebrew (w?-).

Conjunction

u

  1. and; used to connect words, phrases, etc.

Mauritian Creole

Pronoun

u (informal to)

  1. Alternative spelling of ou

See also


Middle Dutch

Etymology 1

From Old Dutch iuwa, from Proto-Germanic *izweraz.

Determiner

u

  1. your (plural)
  2. your (singular, informal)
Usage notes

See the usage notes for gi.

Descendants
  • Dutch: uw
  • Limburgish: eur

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronoun

u

  1. accusative/dative of gi
Descendants
  • Dutch: u

Further reading

  • "uwe", in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000

Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885-1929), "u (II)", in Middelniederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, ->ISBN, page II


Middle English

Noun

u

  1. Alternative form of ew

Middle French

Etymology

From Latin u, v.

Letter

u

  1. u (letter)
  2. v (letter)

Usage notes

  • u and v were represented by a single character in Middle French, although scholars consider them to be separate letters both in terms of usage and in terms of pronunciation.

Middle High German

Pronoun

?

  1. (personal pronoun, dative, Middle German) Alternative form of iu.

Middle Low German

Pronunciation

Pronoun

û

  1. (personal pronoun, dative, accusative) Alternative form of .
  2. (possessive) Alternative form of .

Declension

Possessive pronoun:


Norman

Norman Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nrm

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old French ueil, from Vulgar Latin oclus, from Latin oculus, from Proto-Indo-European *h?ek?- ("eye; to see").

Noun

u m (plural uûs or uur)

  1. (France, anatomy) eye

Norwegian

Pronunciation

Letter

u

  1. The 21st letter of the Norwegian alphabet

Old French

Etymology 1

From Latin ubi.

Adverb

u

  1. Alternative form of ou ("where")
    • c. 1170, Wace, Le Roman de Rou[2]:
      Dez ke Richart le sout, un espie enveia
      Saveir u Thiebaut ert, e combien gent il a.
      As soon as Richard knew about it, he sent a spy
      to know where Thibalt was, and how many people he had with him.
Descendants
  • Middle French: ou

Etymology 2

From Latin u, v.

Letter

u

  1. u (letter)
  2. v (letter)
Usage notes
  • u and v were represented by a single character in Old French, although scholars consider them to be separate letters both in terms of usage and in terms of pronunciation.

Old Portuguese

Etymology

From Latin ubi.

Pronunciation

Adverb

u

  1. where

Descendants

  • Galician: u
  • Portuguese: u

Polish

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *u, from Proto-Indo-European *h?ew.

Pronunciation

Preposition

u (+ genitive)

  1. at

Further reading

  • u in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Letter

u (lower case, upper case U)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Noun

u m (plural us)

  1. u (name of the letter U, u)

See also

Etymology 2

From Old Portuguese u, from Latin ubi. Cognate with Galician u, French , Italian ove and Romanian iuo.

Adverb

u

  1. (obsolete) where
Synonyms

Etymology 3

Article

u m

  1. Eye dialect spelling of o.

Pumpokol

Etymology

From Proto-Yeniseian *?aw (/ *?u) ("thou").

Pronoun

u

  1. you (second-person plural subjective)

Synonyms


Romanian

Pronunciation

Letter

u (lowercase, capital U)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Romanian alphabet representing the phoneme /u/. Preceded by ? and followed by v.

Romansch

Etymology

From Latin aut.

Conjunction

u

  1. or

Rumu

Noun

u

  1. water

References


Serbo-Croatian

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

See Translingual section.

Alternative forms

  • (uppercase) U

Letter

u (Cyrillic spelling ?)

  1. The 27th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by t and followed by v.

Etymology 2

From Proto-Slavic *v?(n).

Preposition

u (Cyrillic spelling ?)

  1. (+ locative case) in, at (without change of position, answering the question gdj?/gd?)
    biti u ?koli - to be in school
    u c(ij)elom dru?tvu - in the whole society
  2. (+ accusative case) to, into (with change of position, answering the question kùda)
    i?i u ?kolu - to go to school
    putovati u Ameriku - to travel to America
  3. (+ accusative case) on, in, at, during (in expressions concerning time)
    u podne - at noon
    u sr(ij)edu - on Wednesday
    u zoru - at dawn
    U koliko sati? - At what time?
  4. (+ locative case) in, during (in expressions concerning time)
    u jednom danu - in one day
    u mladosti - during one's youth

Etymology 3

From Proto-Slavic *u.

Preposition

u (Cyrillic spelling ?)

  1. (+ genitive case) chez

Skolt Sami

Pronunciation

Letter

u (upper case U)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Somali

Preposition

u

  1. to
  2. for

Usage notes

  • In Somali, prepositions fall before the verb and not before the noun they modify:
    u sheeg -- to tell (lit. to call to)
    u keen -- to bring to

Spanish

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

Letter

u (lower case, upper case U)

  1. The 22nd letter of the Spanish alphabet.

Noun

u f (plural úes)

  1. Name of the letter U.

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

Conjunction

u

  1. or
Alternative forms
  • ú (obsolete)
Usage notes

Used instead of o when the following word starts with a vowel sound which is pronounced /o/.

Further reading


Swahili

Verb

u

  1. (uncommon, archaic) you are; thou art
    Pepo waliwatoka watu wengi, wakapiga kelele wakisema: "Wewe u Mwana wa Mungu!" - Demons came out of many people, shouting, "You are the Son of God!"

Usage notes

This term is archaic except in the common greeting u hali gani. Along with m and ni it is not conjugated.

See also


Swedish

Pronunciation

Letter name
Phoneme

Letter

u (lower case, upper case U)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Swedish alphabet, called u and written in the Latin script.

Tolai

Pronoun

u

  1. Second-person singular pronoun: you (singular)

Declension



Torres Strait Creole

Noun

u

  1. (eastern dialect) a mature coconut

Usage notes

U is the sixth stage of coconut growth. It is preceded by pes and followed by drai koknat.


Turkish

Letter

u (lower case, upper case U)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called u and written in the Latin script.

See also

Noun

u

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter U.

See also


Turkmen

Pronunciation

Letter

u (upper case U)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called u and written in the Latin script.

See also


Tzotzil

Pronunciation

Noun

u

  1. moon
  2. month

Synonyms

References


Uyghur

Romanization

u

  1. Latin (ULY) transcription of (u)

Uzbek

Pronoun

u (Cyrillic ?)

  1. Demonstrative pronoun used to indicate a thing that is far away from the speaker. that.
    • U eshik. - That is a door. / That door.

Vietnamese

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

(This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

u

  1. (Northern Vietnam) mother; mom
Synonyms

Etymology 2

From Proto-Vietic *?u: ("hump (of a zebu)").

Noun

(classifier kh?i, c?c) u o (?, ?)

  1. excrescence; protuberance; swelling
  2. (oncology, pathology) tumor
Derived terms
Derived terms
See also

Verb

u

  1. to get bumpy; to swell

Etymology 3

From Portuguese u.

Noun

u

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter U.

Volapük

Conjunction

u

  1. or

Alternative forms

  1. (in front of vowels) ud

Zou

Noun

u

  1. sister

References


Zulu

Letter

u (lower case, upper case U)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


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