Turpis
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Turpis

Latin

Etymology

From Proto-Indo-European *terk?- ("to turn"). See torque?.

Pronunciation

Adjective

turpis (neuter turpe, comparative turpior, superlative turpissimus); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. ugly, unsightly; foul, filthy
    • Attributed to Ennius by Cicero in D? n?t?r? de?rum, Book I, Chapter XXXV
      S?mia quam similis turpissima b?stia n?b?s!
      How similar to us is that most vile beast, the ape!
  2. (of sound) cacophonous, disagreeable
  3. (figuratively) base, infamous, scandalous, dishonorable, shameful, disgraceful

Declension

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative turpis turpe turp?s turpia
Genitive turpis turpium
Dative turp? turpibus
Accusative turpem turpe turp?s
turp?s
turpia
Ablative turp? turpibus
Vocative turpis turpe turp?s turpia

Derived terms

Descendants

References

  • turpis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • turpis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • turpis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a virtuous (immoral) life: vita honesta (turpis)
    • to follow virtue; to flee from vice: honesta expetere; turpia fugere

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