Totus
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Totus

Latin

Etymology 1

Uncertain. Perhaps related to Oscan (touto, "community, city-state"), Umbrian (totam, "tribe", acc.), from Proto-Italic *tout? ("people; populace, citizenship") from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh? ("people").

Pronunciation

Adjective

t?tus (feminine t?ta, neuter t?tum); first/second-declension adjective (pronominal)

  1. whole, all, entire, total, complete, every part
  2. all together, all at once

Usage notes

  • In separating totus from omnis it can be useful to remember Quintilian's sentence (Ins.Or.8.3.70), "minus est tamen totum dicere, quam omnia" ("It is less to say the whole, than all the parts.").
Declension

First/second-declension adjective (pronominal).

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative t?tus t?ta t?tum t?t? t?tae t?ta
Genitive t?t?us t?t?rum t?t?rum t?t?rum
Dative t?t? t?t?s
Accusative t?tum t?tam t?tum t?t?s t?t?s t?ta
Ablative t?t? t?t? t?t? t?t?s
Vocative t?te t?ta t?tum t?t? t?tae t?ta
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Aromanian: tut, tot
  • Asturian: tou
  • English: tot (through totalis)
  • Catalan: tot
  • Dalmatian: tot
  • Dutch: totaal
  • Franco-Provençal: tot
  • French: tout
  • Friulian: dut
  • Istriot: doûto
  • Istro-Romanian: tot
  • Italian: tutto
See also

Etymology 2

From tot ("so many").

Pronunciation

Adjective

totus (feminine tota, neuter totum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. (very rare) so great a ----
    quotcumque pedum spatia facienda censueris, totam partem longitudinis et latitudinis duces
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    tota pars
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
Declension

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative totus tota totum tot? totae tota
Genitive tot? totae tot? tot?rum tot?rum tot?rum
Dative tot? tot? tot?s
Accusative totum totam totum tot?s tot?s tota
Ablative tot? tot? tot? tot?s
Vocative tote tota totum tot? totae tota

Related terms

References

  • t?tus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • totus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • totus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the perfect harmony of the universe: totius mundi convenientia et consensus
    • to spread over the whole body: per totum corpus diffundi
    • to be at the beck and call of another; to be his creature: totum se fingere et accommodare ad alicuius arbitrium et nutum
    • to devote oneself absolutely to the pursuit of pleasure: se totum voluptatibus dedere, tradere
    • to devote oneself entirely to literature: se totum litteris tradere, dedere
    • to be quite engrossed in literary studies: se totum in litteras or se litteris abdere
    • to upset the whole system: totam rationem evertere (pass. iacet tota ratio)
    • to love some one very dearly, with all one's heart: aliquem toto pectore, ut dicitur, amare (Leg. 18. 49)
    • to put oneself entirely in some one's hands: totum se committere, tradere alicui
    • to abandon oneself (entirely) to debauchery: se (totum) libidinibus dedere
    • credit is low throughout Italy: fides tota Italia est angusta
    • to devote oneself body and soul to the good of the state: totum et animo et corpore in salutem rei publicae se conferre

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