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From Proto-Indo-European *terk?- ("to turn"). Cognates include Latin tr?cae, trepidus, turpis, Sanskrit (tarkú), Hittite (tarkuwanzi) and Old Church Slavonic (trak?). See also English thwart and queer.



torque? (present infinitive torqu?re, perfect active tors?, supine tortum); second conjugation

  1. I twist, wind.
  2. I hurl violently; I spin, whirl.
  3. I twist or bend awry, distort
  4. I torment, torture.


   Conjugation of torque? (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present torque? torqu?s torquet torqu?mus torqu?tis torquent
imperfect torqu?bam torqu?b?s torqu?bat torqu?b?mus torqu?b?tis torqu?bant
future torqu?b? torqu?bis torqu?bit torqu?bimus torqu?bitis torqu?bunt
perfect tors? torsist? torsit torsimus torsistis tors?runt, tors?re
pluperfect torseram torser?s torserat torser?mus torser?tis torserant
future perfect torser? torseris torserit torserimus torseritis torserint
passive present torqueor torqu?ris, torqu?re torqu?tur torqu?mur torqu?min? torquentur
imperfect torqu?bar torqu?b?ris, torqu?b?re torqu?b?tur torqu?b?mur torqu?b?min? torqu?bantur
future torqu?bor torqu?beris, torqu?bere torqu?bitur torqu?bimur torqu?bimin? torqu?buntur
perfect tortus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect tortus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect tortus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present torqueam torque?s torqueat torque?mus torque?tis torqueant
imperfect torqu?rem torqu?r?s torqu?ret torqu?r?mus torqu?r?tis torqu?rent
perfect torserim torser?s torserit torser?mus torser?tis torserint
pluperfect torsissem torsiss?s torsisset torsiss?mus torsiss?tis torsissent
passive present torquear torque?ris, torque?re torque?tur torque?mur torque?min? torqueantur
imperfect torqu?rer torqu?r?ris, torqu?r?re torqu?r?tur torqu?r?mur torqu?r?min? torqu?rentur
perfect tortus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect tortus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present torqu? torqu?te
future torqu?t? torqu?t? torqu?t?te torquent?
passive present torqu?re torqu?min?
future torqu?tor torqu?tor torquentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives torqu?re torsisse tort?rus esse torqu?r?, torqu?rier1 tortus esse tortum ?r?
participles torqu?ns tort?rus tortus torquendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
torqu?re torquend? torquend? torquendum tortum tort?

1The present passive infinitive in -ier is a rare poetic form which is attested for this verb.

Derived terms


From a Vulgar Latin form *torcere, *torc?:


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