Ton
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Ton

English

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Wikipedia
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Etymology 1

Variant of tun ("cask"), influenced by Old French tonne ("ton").

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /t?n/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -?n

Noun

ton (plural tons)

  1. A unit of weight (mass) equal to 2240 pounds (a long ton) or 2000 pounds (a short ton) or 1000 kilograms (a metric ton).
  2. A unit of volume; register ton.
  3. In refrigeration and air conditioning, a unit of thermal power defined as 12,000 BTU/h (about 3.514 kW or 3024 kcal/h), originally the rate of cooling provided by uniform isothermal melting of one short ton of ice per day at 32 °F (0 °C).
  4. (colloquial, hyperbolic) A large amount.
    I've got a ton of work to do.
    I've got tons of work to do.
  5. (slang) A speed of 100 mph.
  6. (slang) One hundred pounds sterling.
  7. (cricket) One hundred runs.
  8. (darts) One hundred points.
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

Borrowed from French ton ("manner"), from Latin tonus. Doublet of tone, tune, and tonus.

Pronunciation

Noun

ton (uncountable)

  1. Fashion, the current style, the vogue.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Byron to this entry?)
  2. Fashionable society; those in style.

Related terms

Etymology 3

Noun

ton (plural tons)

  1. The common tunny, or horse mackerel.

Anagrams


Antillean Creole

Etymology

From French thon.

Noun

ton

  1. tuna

Catalan

Etymology

From Old Occitan ton, from Vulgar Latin *tum, reduced form of Latin tuus, tuum, from Proto-Italic *towos. Compare Occitan and French ton.

In unstressed position in Vulgar Latin tuum, tuam etc. were monosyllabic and regularly became ton, ta etc. in Catalan. When stressed they were disyllabic and became teu, tua > teua etc.

Determiner

ton m (feminine ta, masculine plural tos, feminine plural tes)

  1. your (singular)

Usage notes

The use of ton and the other possessive determiners is mostly archaic in the majority of dialects, with articulated possessive pronouns (e.g. el meu) mostly being used in their stead. However, mon, ton, and son are still widely used before certain nouns referring to family members and some affective nouns, such as amic, casa, and vida. Which nouns actually find use with the possessive determiners depends greatly on the locale.

The standard masculine plural form is tos, but tons can be found in some dialects.

See also


Chuukese

Noun

ton

  1. torch

Crimean Tatar

Noun

ton

  1. fur coat

Derived terms


Danish

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology

From English ton, variant of tun ("cask").

Pronunciation

Noun

ton c or n (singular definite tonnet or tonnen, plural indefinite ton or tons, abbreviation t)

  1. ton (unit of weight)

See also


Dutch

Pronunciation

Noun

ton f (plural tonnen, diminutive tonnetje n)

  1. barrel
  2. ton (1000 kilograms)
  3. 100,000 of some monetary unit, particularly guilders
    Dat zou zeker een ton kosten.
    Dat zou zeker een ton euro kosten.
    140.000 euro is bijna drie ton gulden
  4. A large amount.
    Hij leende tonnen met geld. - He borrowed large amounts of money.

Finnish

Pronoun

ton

  1. (colloquial) Genitive singular form of toi.
  2. (colloquial) Accusative singular form of toi.

Anagrams


French

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old French ton, tos, from Latin tuus, from Proto-Indo-European *towos.

Determiner

ton m

  1. (possessive) Your, thy (used to qualify masculine nouns and before vowel).
    Tu as pensé à prendre ton livre? -- Did you think to take your book?
    Ton écriture est jolie. -- Your writing is nice.

Related terms

Possessee
Singular Plural
Masculine Feminine
Possessor Singular First person mon1 ma mes
Second person ton1 ta tes
Third person son1 sa ses
Plural First person notre nos
Second person votre2 vos2
Third person leur leurs
1 Also used before feminine adjectives and nouns beginning with a vowel or mute h.
2 Also used as the polite singular form.

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Latin tonus. Doublet of tonus, a later borrowing.

Noun

ton m (plural tons)

  1. Tone (sound of a particular frequency).
  2. (music) Tone (interval).
    Il y a un ton entre do et -- Doh and ray are separated by one tone.
  3. Tone (manner of speaking).
    Je n'aime pas le ton sur lequel tu me parles! -- I don't like your tone! or I don't like the way you are talking to me!
  4. Tone, shade (of colour).
    Différents tons de rouge. -- Several shades of red.

Anagrams

Further reading


Friulian

Etymology 1

From Latin tonus, from Ancient Greek (tónos). Compare Italian tuono, Romansch tun, tung, Dalmatian tun, Romanian tun.

Noun

ton m (plural tons)

  1. thunder

Related terms

Etymology 2

From Latin thunnus, from Ancient Greek (thúnnos). Compare Italian tonno.

Noun

ton m (plural tons)

  1. tuna

Etymology 3

Ultimately borrowed from Latin tonus. Compare French ton, Italian tono.

Noun

ton m (plural tons)

  1. tone

Hausa

Etymology

Borrowed from English ton.

Noun

tôn m

  1. ton (unit of weight)

Irish

Etymology

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun

ton m (genitive singular toin, nominative plural toin)

  1. (biology, literature, music) tone

Declension

Derived terms

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
ton thon dton
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Japanese

Romanization

ton

  1. R?maji transcription of

Old French

Alternative forms

  • toun (Anglo-Norman)
  • tun (Anglo-Norman)

Etymology

From Latin tuus, tuum.

Pronunciation

Determiner

ton m (feminine ta, plural tes)

  1. your (second-person singular possessive)

Descendants

  • French: ton

Old Occitan

Etymology

From Latin thunnus.

Noun

ton m (oblique plural tons, nominative singular tons, nominative plural ton)

  1. tuna (fish)

References


Polish

Pronunciation

Noun

ton m inan

  1. (linguistics, music) tone

Declension


Romanian

Etymology 1

Borrowed from French thon.

Noun

ton m (plural toni)

  1. tuna
Declension

Etymology 2

Borrowed from French ton, from Latin tonus. Doublet of tun.

Noun

ton n (plural tonuri)

  1. tone
Declension

Serbo-Croatian

Pronunciation

Noun

t?n m (Cyrillic spelling ?)

  1. tone

Declension


Skolt Sami

Etymology

From Proto-Samic *tonë.

Pronoun

ton

  1. you (singular)

Inflection

Further reading

  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002-2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[1], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Swedish

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

Noun

ton n

  1. tonne
Declension
Declension of ton 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ton tonnet ton tonnen
Genitive tons tonnets tons tonnens

Related terms

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

Noun

ton c

  1. tone (sound of a particular frequency)
  2. (music) tone (interval)
  3. tone (behaviour)
    att hålla god ton
    to behave well (also in presence of someone disliked)
  4. tone, shade (of colour)
Declension
Declension of ton 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ton tonen toner tonerna
Genitive tons tonens toners tonernas

Related terms

References



Ter Sami

Etymology

From Proto-Samic *tonë.

Pronoun

ton

  1. you (singular)

Further reading

  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002-2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[2], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Volapük

Noun

ton (nominative plural tons)

  1. sound

Declension


Welsh

Pronunciation

Noun

ton f (plural tonnau)

  1. wave

Derived terms

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
ton don nhon thon
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Zuni

Pronoun

ton

  1. Second person dual subject (medial position)
    you two
  2. Second person plural subject (medial position)
    you (three or more)

Related terms

See also


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