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From Middle English syllable, sillable, syllabylle, sylabul, from Anglo-Norman sillable, from Old French sillebe, from Latin syllaba, from Ancient Greek ? (sullab?), from ? (sullambán?, "I gather together"), from - (sun-, "together") + ? (lambán?, "I take").
syllable (plural syllables)
- (linguistics) A unit of human speech that is interpreted by the listener as a single sound, although syllables usually consist of one or more vowel sounds, either alone or combined with the sound of one or more consonants; a word consists of one or more syllables.
- Meronyms: onset, nucleus, coda, rime
2007, Don DeLillo, Underworld: A Novel, New York, N.Y.: Scribner Classics, ->ISBN, page 543:
I wanted to look up velleity and quotidian and memorize the fuckers for all time, spell them, learn them, pronounce them syllable by syllable--vocalize, phonate, utter the sounds, say the words for all they're worth.
- The written representation of a given pronounced syllable.
- A small part of a sentence or discourse; anything concise or short; a particle.
- 1622, Richard Hooker, Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie, 60:
- Then let them cast backe their eies unto former generations of men, and marke what was done in the prime of the World, Seth, Enoch, Noah, Sem, Abraham, Job, and the rest that lived before any syllable of the Law of God was written, did they not sinne as much as we doe in every action not commanded?
- 1623, William Shakespeare, The Life of King Henry the Eighth Act 5 Scene 1:
- The Archbishop
Is the King's hand and tongue; and who dare speak
One syllable against him?
Terms derived from syllable
unit of speech
- Luxembourgish: Silb f
- Macedonian: ? m (slog)
- Malay: suku kata (literally "a quarter of a word")
- Maltese: sillaba f
- Maori: k?oro, haup?
- Mongolian: (mn) (üe)
- Nogai: (buv?n)
- Norman: syllabe f
- Bokmål: stavelse (no) m, staving (no) m or f
- Nynorsk: staving f
- Pali: vaa m
- Pashto: m (silãb), m (syláb), f (he?ã)
- Persian: (fa) (hejâ)
- Polish: sylaba (pl) f, zg?oska (pl) f
- Portuguese: sílaba (pt) f
- Romanian: silab? (ro) f
- Russian: ? (ru) m (slog), (ru) m (sklad) (dated)
- Sanskrit: (sa) n (ak?ara), ? (sa) m (var?a)
- Scottish Gaelic: lide f
- Cyrillic: ? m
- Roman: slog (sh) m
- Slovak: slabika f
- Slovene: zlog (sl) m
- Lower Sorbian: z?o?ka f
- Spanish: sílaba (es) f
- Swahili: silabi (sw)
- Swedish: stavelse (sv) c (1,2)
- Tagalog: pantig (tl)
- Tajik: ? (hijo)
- Tatar: ? (tt) (icek)
- Thai: (th) (pá-yaang)
- Turkish: hece (tr)
- Turkmen: bogun (tk)
- Ukrainian: (uk) m (sklad)
- Urdu: m (?abd?n?), ? m (ak?ar), m (hij?)
- Uyghur: (boghum)
- Uzbek: bo?g?in (uz), hijo (uz)
- Vietnamese: âm ti?t
- Volapük: silab (vo)
- Welsh: sill f, sillaf (cy) f
- Yiddish: m (traf)
- Zazaki: hece c
- Zulu: uhlamvu class 11/10
syllable (third-person singular simple present syllables, present participle syllabling, simple past and past participle syllabled)
- (transitive, poetic) To utter in syllables.
- 1645, John Milton, "A Mask Presented At Ludlow-Castle, 1634. etc." [Comus] in Poems, 84:
- A thousand fantasies
Begin to throng into my memory
Of calling shapes, and beckning shadows dire,
And airy tongues, that syllable mens names
On Sands, and Shoars, and desert Wildernesses.