Stain
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Stain
See also: stáin

English

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

From Middle English steinen, steynen ("to stain, colour, paint"), of North Germanic origin, from Old Norse steina ("to stain, colour, paint"), from steinn ("stone, mineral blue, colour, stain"), from Proto-Norse ? (stainaz), from Proto-Germanic *stainaz ("stone"), from Proto-Indo-European *steyh?- ("to stiffen"). Cognate with Old English st?n ("stone"). More at stone.

In some senses, influenced by unrelated Middle English disteynen ("to discolor, remove the colour from"; literally, "de-colour"), from Anglo-Norman desteindre ("to remove the colour from, bleach"), from Old French destaindre ("to remove the color from, bleach"), from des- ("dis-, de-, un-") + teindre ("to dye"), from Latin tingo.

Pronunciation

Noun

stain (plural stains)

  1. A discoloured spot or area.
  2. A blemish on one's character or reputation.
  3. A substance used to soak into a surface and colour it.
    • 1980, Robert M. Jones, editor, Walls and Ceilings, Time-Life Books, ->ISBN, page 93:
      The wood will darken whether it is stained or not--the main function of a stain is to enhance the wood's natural color and emphasize its grain.
  4. A reagent or dye used to stain microscope specimens so as to make some structures visible.
  5. (heraldry) Any of a number of non-standard tinctures used in modern heraldry.

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb

stain (third-person singular simple present stains, present participle staining, simple past and past participle stained)

  1. (transitive) To discolour.
    to stain the hand with dye
    armour stained with blood
  2. To taint or tarnish someone's character or reputation
    • (Can we date this quote by Milton and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Of honour void, / Of innocence, of faith, of purity, / Our wonted ornaments now soiled and stained.
  3. To coat a surface with a stain
    to stain wood with acids, coloured washes, paint rubbed in, etc.
    the stained glass used for church windows
  4. (intransitive) To become stained; to take a stain.
  5. (transitive, cytology) To treat (a microscopic specimen) with a dye, especially one that dyes specific features
  6. To cause to seem inferior or soiled by comparison.
    • (Can we date this quote by Beaumont and Fletcher and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      She stains the ripest virgins of her age.
    • (Can we date this quote by Spenser and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      that did all other beasts in beauty stain

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Anagrams


Gothic

Romanization

stain

  1. Romanization of

Gutnish

Etymology

From Old Norse steinn ("stone"), from Proto-Norse ? (stainaz), from Proto-Germanic *stainaz ("stone"). Cognate with English stone, German Stein, Dutch steen, Danish sten, Norwegian Bokmål sten, Norwegian Nynorsk stein, Swedish sten, Faroese steinur, West Frisian stien, Low German Steen. Ultimately from Pre-Germanic *stoyh?nos, o-grade from Proto-Indo-European *steyh?- ("to stiffen").

Noun

stain m

  1. stone, rock, as material or individual piece of rock or pebble

Middle English

Adjective

stain

  1. Alternative form of stonen

Westrobothnian

Etymology

From Old Norse steinn ("stone"), from Proto-Norse ? (stainaz), from Proto-Germanic *stainaz ("stone"). Cognate with English stone, German Stein, Dutch steen, Danish sten, Norwegian Bokmål sten, Norwegian Nynorsk stein, Swedish sten, Faroese steinur, West Frisian stien, Low German Steen. Ultimately from Pre-Germanic *stoyh?nos, o-grade from Proto-Indo-European *steyh?- ("to stiffen").

Noun

stain m

  1. stone, rock, as material or individual piece of rock or pebble

Alternative forms


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