Socius
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Socius

English

Etymology

Latin

Noun

socius (plural socii)

  1. (historical) Any of the autonomous tribes and city states of the Italian Peninsula in permanent military alliance with the Roman Republic until the Social War of 91-88 BC.
  2. An associate; a fellow of an academy, etc.

Anagrams


Latin

Etymology

From Proto-Indo-European *sok?-yo- ("companion"), from Proto-Indo-European *sek?- ("to follow")[1]. Compare Faliscan socia ("girlfriend, companion").

Pronunciation

Adjective

socius (feminine socia, neuter socium); first/second-declension adjective

  1. sharing, joining in, partaking, associated
  2. kindred, related, akin, ally
  3. leagued, allied, united, confederate

Declension

First/second-declension adjective.

Derived terms

Related terms

Descendants

  • Eastern Romance:
    • Aromanian: sots
    • Romanian: so?
  • Italian: soccio
  • -> Albanian: shok
  • -> Catalan: soci
  • -> Italian: socio
  • -> Portuguese: sócio
  • -> Spanish: socio
  • -> Welsh: saig
  • => Latin: socia f

Noun

socius m (genitive soci? or soc?); second declension

  1. partner, sharer, associate
  2. companion, comrade
  3. ally; confederate

Declension

Second-declension noun.

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

References

  • socius in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • socius in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • socius in Charles du Fresne du Cange's Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883-1887)
  • socius in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to attach oneself to a person's society: socium se adiungere alicui
    • to admit a person into one's society: aliquem socium admittere
    • a political ally: consiliorum in re publica socius
    • to make some one one's ally: socium aliquem asciscere (B. G. 1. 5)
  • socius in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • Notes:

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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