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socius (plural socii)
- (historical) Any of the autonomous tribes and city states of the Italian Peninsula in permanent military alliance with the Roman Republic until the Social War of 91-88 BC.
- An associate; a fellow of an academy, etc.
From Proto-Indo-European *sok?-yo- ("companion"), from Proto-Indo-European *sek?- ("to follow"). Compare Faliscan socia ("girlfriend, companion").
socius (feminine socia, neuter socium); first/second-declension adjective
- sharing, joining in, partaking, associated
- kindred, related, akin, ally
- leagued, allied, united, confederate
socius m (genitive soci? or soc?); second declension
- partner, sharer, associate
- companion, comrade
- ally; confederate
1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).
- socius in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- socius in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- socius in Charles du Fresne du Cange's Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883-1887)
- socius in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
- Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
- to attach oneself to a person's society: socium se adiungere alicui
- to admit a person into one's society: aliquem socium admittere
- a political ally: consiliorum in re publica socius
- to make some one one's ally: socium aliquem asciscere (B. G. 1. 5)
- socius in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin