Smart
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Smart
See also: SMART, Smart, smärt, and S.M.A.R.T.

English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English smerten, from Old English smeortan ("to smart"), from Proto-Germanic *smertan? ("to hurt, ache"), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)merd- ("to bite, sting"). Cognate with Scots smert, Dutch smarten, German schmerzen, Danish smerte, Swedish smärta.

Verb

smart (third-person singular simple present smarts, present participle smarting, simple past smarted or (obsolete) smort, past participle smarted or (obsolete) smorten)

  1. (intransitive) To hurt or sting.
    After being hit with a pitch, the batter exclaimed "Ouch, my arm smarts!"
    • 1897, Bram Stoker, Dracula Chapter 21
      He moved convulsively, and as he did so, said, "I'll be quiet, Doctor. Tell them to take off the strait waistcoat. I have had a terrible dream, and it has left me so weak that I cannot move. What's wrong with my face? It feels all swollen, and it smarts dreadfully."
  2. (transitive) To cause a smart or sting in.
    • (Can we date this quote by T. Adams and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      A goad that [...] smarts the flesh.
  3. (intransitive) To feel a pungent pain of mind; to feel sharp pain or grief; to suffer; to feel the sting of evil.
    • (Can we date this quote by Alexander Pope and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      No creature smarts so little as a fool.
    • Bible, Proverbs xi. 15
      He that is surety for a stranger shall smart for it.
    • 1790, Ann Ward Radcliffe, chapter 11, in A Sicilian Romance[1], HTML edition:
      Meanwhile the Abate exulted in successful vengeance, and the marquis smarted beneath the stings of disappointment.
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English smerte, smert, smarte, smart, from Old English smeart ("smarting, smart, painful"), from Proto-Germanic *smartaz ("hurting, aching"), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)merd- ("to bite, sting"). Cognate with Scots smert ("painful, smart"), Old Frisian smert ("sharp, painful").

Adjective

smart (comparative smarter or more smart, superlative smartest or most smart)

  1. Exhibiting social ability or cleverness.
    Synonyms: bright, capable, sophisticated, witty
    Antonyms: backward, banal, boorish, dull, inept
    • 1811, Jane Austen, Sense and Sensibility, chapter 19
      I always preferred the church, and I still do. But that was not smart enough for my family. They recommended the army. That was a great deal too smart for me.
  2. (informal) Exhibiting intellectual knowledge, such as that found in books.
    Synonyms: cultivated, educated, learned; see also Thesaurus:learned
    Antonyms: ignorant, uncultivated, simple
  3. (often in combination) Equipped with intelligent behaviour (digital/computer technology).
    smart bomb
    smart car
    smartcard
    smartphone
  4. Good-looking; well dressed; fine; fashionable.
    Synonyms: attractive, chic, dapper, stylish, handsome
    Antonyms: garish, outré, tacky
    a smart outfit
    You look smart in that business suit.
  5. Cleverly shrewd and humorous in a way that may be rude and disrespectful.
    Synonym: silly
    He became tired of his daughter's sarcasm and smart remarks.
    Don't get smart with me!
    • (Can we date this quote by Young and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Who, for the poor renown of being smart / Would leave a sting within a brother's heart?
    • (Can we date this quote by Addison and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      a sentence or two, [...] which I thought very smart
  6. Sudden and intense.
    • (Can we date this quote by Clarendon and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      smart skirmishes, in which many fell
    • 1860 July 9, Henry David Thoreau, journal entry, from Thoreau's bird-lore, Francis H. Allen (editor), Houghton Mifflin (Boston, 1910), Thoreau on Birds: notes on New England birds from the Journals of Henry David Thoreau, Beacon Press, (Boston, 1993), page 239:
      There is a smart shower at 5 P.M., and in the midst of it a hummingbird is busy about the flowers in the garden, unmindful of it, though you would think that each big drop that struck him would be a serious accident.
  7. Causing sharp pain; stinging.
    • (Can we date this quote by Shakespeare and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      How smart a lash that speech doth give my conscience.
  8. Sharp; keen; poignant.
    a smart pain
  9. (US, Southern, dated) Intense in feeling; painful. Used usually with the adverb intensifier right.
    He raised his voice, and it hurt her feelings right smart.
    That cast on his leg chaffs him right smart.
  10. (archaic) Efficient; vigorous; brilliant.
    • (Can we date this quote by Dryden and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The stars shine smarter.
  11. (archaic) Pretentious; showy; spruce.
    a smart gown
  12. (archaic) Brisk; fresh.
    a smart breeze
Related terms
Descendants
  • -> German: smart
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 3

From Middle English smerte, from smerten ("to smart"). See above. Cognate with Scots smert, Dutch smart, Low German smart, German Schmerz, Danish smerte, Swedish smärta. More above.

Noun

smart (plural smarts)

  1. A sharp, quick, lively pain; a sting.
    • 1567, Arthur Golding (translator), The XV Bookes of P. Ouidius Naso, entytuled Metamorphosis, London: William Seres, Book , p. 51,[2]
      [...] the bodie had no smart
      Of any wound: it was the minde that felt the cruell stings.
    • 1716, Alexander Pope (translator), The Iliad of Homer, London: Bernard Lintot, Volume 2, Book 5, lines 176-178, p. 25,[3]
      If chance some Shepherd with a distant Dart
      The Savage wound, he rowzes at the Smart,
      He foams, he roars [...]
    • 1871, Louisa May Alcott, Little Men, Chapter 12,[4]
      Of course Tommy came to grief, tumbled upon a hornets' nest and got stung; but being used to woe, he bore the smart manfully [...]
    • 1948, Graham Greene, The Heart of the Matter, London: Heinemann, Book One, Part One, Chapter 1, section 8, p. 42,[5]
      The smart of his wounded hand woke Scobie at two in the morning.
  2. Mental pain or suffering; grief; affliction.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, London: William Ponsonbie, Book 1, Canto 7, p. 101,[6]
      Mishaps are maistred by aduice discrete,
      And counsell mitigates the greatest smart;
      Found neuer help, who neuer would his hurts impart.
    • 1673, John Milton, "Anno aetatis 17. On the Death of a fair Infant dying of a Cough" in Poems, &c. upon Several Occasions Both English and Latin, London: Thomas Dring, p. 20,[7]
      But oh why didst thou not stay here below
      To bless us with thy heav'n lov'd innocence, [...]
      To stand 'twixt us and our deserved smart
      But thou canst best perform that office where thou art.
    • 1861, Charles Dickens, Great Expectations, Chapter 8,[8]
      I was so humiliated, hurt, spurned, offended, angry, sorry,--I cannot hit upon the right name for the smart--God knows what its name was,--that tears started to my eyes.
    • 2004, Alan Hollinghurst, The Line of Beauty, London: Picador, Chapter 9, p. 250,[9]
      [...] Bertrand said, 'No, you bloody idiot, do you think I drink this? I want mineral water.' The girl recoiled for just a second at the smart of his tone [...] and then apologized with steely insincerity.
  3. Smart-money.
  4. (slang, dated) A dandy; one who is smart in dress; one who is brisk, vivacious, or clever.
    • 1742, Henry Fielding, Joseph Andrews, London: A. Millar, 3rd edition, 1743, Volume 2, Book 3, Chapter 3, p. 27,[10]
      [...] I resolved to quit all further Conversation with Beaus and Smarts of every kind [...]
Derived terms

Anagrams


Danish

Etymology

From English smart

Adjective

smart (neuter smart, plural and definite singular attributive smarte, comparative smartere, superlative (predicative) smartest, superlative (attributive) smarteste)

  1. (of a solution, contraption, plan etc.) well thought-out, neat
  2. snazzy, fashionable, dapper

Derived terms


Dutch

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle Dutch smarte. Cf. German Schmerz, English smart. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation

Noun

smart f (plural smarten)

  1. pain, sorrow, grief

Derived terms


German

Etymology

Borrowed from English smart, 19th c.

Pronunciation

Adjective

smart (comparative smarter, superlative am smartesten)

  1. smart (exhibiting social ability or cleverness)
    Synonyms: aufgeweckt, clever, gewitzt, pfiffig
    • 1862, "Amerikanische Zwangsmaßregel", in Die Gartenlaube[11], number 20, page 320:
      Während in New York und andern östlichen Städten der einfachste kürzeste Proceßgang darin besteht, ist in vielen der westlichen Staaten ein ,,smarter" Miether im Stande, fast noch ein Jahr nach geschehener Aufkündigung ein Haus zu bewohnen, ohne nur einen Pfennig Miethe zu zahlen.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 1910, Walther Kabel, Der schlafende Fakir[12]:
      Da vertraute ich mich meinem Chef, Herrn William Hawkens, an, der ein viel zu smarter Geschäftsmann ist, als daß er nicht das nötige Verständnis für diese unter Umständen recht einträgliche Idee gehabt hätte.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. smart (good-looking, well-dressed)
    Synonyms: chic, elegant, fein

Further reading


Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From English smart

Adjective

smart (neuter singular smart, definite singular and plural smarte, comparative smartere, indefinite superlative smartest, definite superlative smarteste)

  1. clever (mentally sharp or bright)
  2. smart

Derived terms

References


Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From English smart

Adjective

smart (neuter singular smart, definite singular and plural smarte, comparative smartare, indefinite superlative smartast, definite superlative smartaste)

  1. clever (mentally sharp or bright)
  2. smart

Derived terms

References


Spanish

Adjective

smart (invariable)

  1. smart (with smart technology)

Swedish

Etymology

Borrowed from English smart.

Pronunciation

Adjective

smart (comparative smartare, superlative smartast)

  1. smart; clever

Declension

Inflection of smart
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular smart smartare smartast
Neuter singular smart smartare smartast
Plural smarta smartare smartast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 smarte smartare smartaste
All smarta smartare smartaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.

Anagrams


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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