Sky
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Sky
See also: Skye, Sky, SKY, ský, -sky, and -ský

English

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A blue sky

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle English sky, from Old Norse ský ("cloud"), from Proto-Germanic *skiwj?, *skiwô ("cloud, cloud cover, haze"), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kew- ("to cover, hide, cloud"). Cognate with Old English sc?o ("cloud"), Old Saxon scio, skio, skeo ("light cloud cover"), Danish, Swedish and Norwegian Bokmål sky ("cloud"), Old Irish ceo ("mist, fog"), Irish ceo ("mist, fog"). Also related to Old English sc?a ("shadow, darkness"), Latin obsc?rus ("dark, shadowy"), Sanskrit (skunti, "he covers"). Partially displaced Middle English heven, (from Old English heofon) (whence English heaven). Compare German Himmel and Dutch hemel. See also English hide, hut, house, hose, shoe.

Pronunciation

Noun

sky (plural skies)

  1. The atmosphere above a given point, especially as visible from the ground during the day.
    That year, a meteor fell from the sky.
  2. The part of the sky which can be seen from a specific place or at a specific time; its condition, climate etc.
    I lay back under a warm Texas sky.
    We're not sure how long the cloudy skies will last.
    • 1908, W[illiam] B[lair] M[orton] Ferguson, chapter IV, in Zollenstein, New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, OCLC 731476803:
      So this was my future home, I thought! [...] Backed by towering hills, the but faintly discernible purple line of the French boundary off to the southwest, a sky of palest Gobelin flecked with fat, fleecy little clouds, it in truth looked a dear little city; the city of one's dreams.
    • 1914, Louis Joseph Vance, chapter II, in Nobody, New York, N.Y.: George H[enry] Doran Company, published 1915, OCLC 40817384:
      She wakened in sharp panic, bewildered by the grotesquerie of some half-remembered dream in contrast with the harshness of inclement fact, drowsily realising that since she had fallen asleep it had come on to rain smartly out of a shrouded sky.
  3. Heaven.
    This mortal has incurred the wrath of the skies.
  4. Ellipsis of sky blue
  5. (mathematics, theoretical physics) The set of all lightlike lines (or directions) passing through a given point in space-time.
  6. (colloquial, dated) In an art gallery, the upper rows of pictures that cannot easily be seen.
  7. (obsolete) A cloud.

Usage notes

Usually the word can be used correctly in either the singular or plural form, but the plural is now mainly poetic.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

See sky/translations § Noun.

Verb

sky (third-person singular simple present skies, present participle skying, simple past and past participle skied or skyed)

  1. (sports) To hit, kick or throw (a ball) extremely high.
    • 2009 September 8, "Seattle Mariners at Los Angeles Angels: 09/08 game thread", in Seattle Times[1]:
      Hernandez walked the bases loaded, then fell behind 3-1 in the count to Bobby Abreu, who then skied the next pitch to left for a sacrifice fly.
    • 2011 January 22, Ian Hughes, "Arsenal 3 - 0 Wigan", in BBC[2]:
      Van Persie skied a penalty, conceded by Gary Caldwell who was sent off, and also hit the post before scoring his third with a shot at the near post.
  2. (sports) To clear (a hurdle, high jump bar, etc.) by a large margin.
  3. (colloquial, dated) To hang (a picture on exhibition) near the top of a wall, where it cannot be well seen.
    • The Century
      Brother Academicians who skied his pictures.
  4. (colloquial) To drink something from a container without one's lips touching the container.

References

Anagrams


Danish

Etymology 1

Possibly from Middle Low German sch?we, sch?.

Adjective

sky (neuter sky, plural and definite singular attributive sky)

  1. shy
Synonyms

Etymology 2

From Old Norse ský, from Proto-Germanic *skiwj? ("cloud, cloud cover"), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kew- ("to cover, conceal").

Noun

sky c (singular definite skyen, plural indefinite skyer)

  1. cloud
Inflection

Etymology 3

From French jus, from Latin ius ("gravy, broth, sauce").

Noun

sky c (singular definite skyen, not used in plural form)

  1. gravy, stock (a kind of soup)
  2. jelly (made of gravy)
  3. (cooking) aspic

Etymology 4

Possibly from Middle Low German sch?wen.

Verb

sky (imperative sky, present skyr or skyer, past skyede, past participle skyet)

  1. To shun

References


Middle English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old Norse ský; equivalent to Proto-Germanic *skiwj?. Doublet of skew.

Pronunciation

Noun

sky (plural skyes)

  1. The atmosphere or sky; that which lies above the ground.
  2. A cloud or mist (mass of water droplets)
  3. (rare, astronomy) A certain layout or part of the sky.
  4. (rare, physiology) Clouds in urine.

Descendants

  • English: sky
  • Scots: sky, skie, skey, ske

References


Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Middle Low German schuwe

Adjective

sky (neuter singular sky, definite singular and plural sky or skye, comparative skyere, indefinite superlative skyest, definite superlative skyeste)

  1. shy
Synonyms

Etymology 2

From Old Norse ský, from Proto-Germanic *skiwj? ("cloud, cloud cover"), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kew- ("to cover, conceal").

Noun

sky f or m (definite singular skya or skyen, indefinite plural skyer, definite plural skyene)

  1. a cloud
Derived terms

Etymology 3

Possibly from Middle Low German schuwen

Verb

sky (imperative sky, present tense skyr, simple past skydde, past participle skydd, present participle skyende)

  1. to avoid, shun
Derived terms

References

  • "sky" in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle Low German schuwe

Adjective

sky (neuter singular sky, definite singular and plural sky or skye, comparative skyare, indefinite superlative skyast, definite superlative skyaste)

  1. shy

Etymology 2

From Old Norse ský. Akin to English sky.

Noun

sky f (definite singular skya, indefinite plural skyer, definite plural skyene)

  1. a cloud
Derived terms

Etymology 3

Possibly from Middle Low German schuwen

Verb

sky (present tense skyr, past tense skydde, past participle skydd or skytt, passive infinitive skyast, present participle skyande, imperative sky)

  1. to avoid, shun
Derived terms

References

  • "sky" in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse ský, from Proto-Germanic *skiwj?.

Pronunciation

Noun

sk? n

  1. cloud
  2. sky

Declension

Descendants


Scots

Etymology

From Middle English sky, from Old Norse ský.

Pronunciation

Noun

sky (plural skies)

  1. sky
    It's a fair braw sky we'v got the nicht. It's quite a beautiful sky we've got tonight.
  2. daylight (especially at dawn)
    A wis up afore the sky. I was up before sunrise.
  3. skyline, outline against the sky (especially of a hill)
    He saw the sky o a hill awa tae the west. He saw the outline of a hill in the west.

Derived terms

Verb

sky (third-person singular present skies, present participle skies, past skyin, past participle skiet)

  1. (of weather) to clear up
  2. to shade the eyes with the hand (so as to see better)
  3. to hold up to the light and examine

Swedish

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old Swedish sk?, from Old Norse ský, from Proto-Germanic *skiwj?, compare English sky.

Noun

sky

  1. (countable) heaven
  2. (countable) sky
  3. (countable) cloud

Etymology 2

From French jus.

Noun

sky

  1. (uncountable, cooking) The liquid that remains in a frying pan after the fried meat is ready.

Etymology 3

From Middle Low German sch?wen.

Verb

sky

  1. avoid due to fear or disgust, shun

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