Sieve
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Sieve
See also: Sieve

English

Sieve in cooking

Etymology

From Middle English sive, syfe, from Old English sife, sibi ("sieve"), from Proto-West Germanic *sibi ("sieve"), from Proto-Indo-European *seyp-, *seyb- ("to pour, sieve, strain, run, drip"). Akin to German Sieb, Dutch zeef, Proto-Slavic *sito (Russian (síto), (sev), (séjat?)).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /s?v/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -?v

Noun

sieve (plural sieves)

  1. A device with a mesh bottom to separate, in a granular material, larger particles from smaller ones, or to separate solid objects from a liquid.
    Coordinate terms: sifter, sile, riddle
    Use the sieve to get the pasta from the water.
  2. A process, physical or abstract, that arrives at a final result by filtering out unwanted pieces of input from a larger starting set of input.
    • 2010, Luke Mastin, "20TH CENTURY MATHEMATICS - ROBINSON AND MATIYASEVICH", in www.storyofmathematics.com[1], retrieved 2013-09-08:
      Among, [sic] his other achievements, Matiyasevich and his colleague Boris Stechkin also developed an interesting "visual sieve" for prime numbers, which effectively "crosses out" all the composite numbers, leaving only the primes.
    Given a list of consecutive numbers starting at 1, the Sieve of Eratosthenes algorithm will find all of the prime numbers.
  3. (obsolete) A kind of coarse basket.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Simmonds to this entry?)
  4. (colloquial) A person, or their mind, that cannot remember things or is unable to keep secrets.
  5. (category theory) A collection of morphisms in a category whose codomain is a certain fixed object of that category, which collection is closed under pre-composition by any morphism in the category.

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

sieve (third-person singular simple present sieves, present participle sieving, simple past and past participle sieved)

  1. To strain, sift or sort using a sieve.
  2. (sports) To concede; let in
    • 2017 June 3, Daniel Taylor, "Real Madrid win Champions League as Cristiano Ronaldo double defeats Juv", in The Guardian (London)[2]:
      This was their seventh defeat out of nine finals, including five in a row, and the second half was a chastening experience for the Serie A champions, culminating in them sieving more goals in one match than in the rest of the competition put together.

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Further reading


Hunsrik

Hunsrik cardinal numbers
 <  6 7 8  > 
    Cardinal : sieve
    Ordinal : sibt

Pronunciation

Numeral

sieve

  1. seven
    Das sin schun sieve Uher.
    That's already seven o'clock.

Further reading


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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