Shine
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Shine
See also: Shine

English

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation

  • (US, UK) enPR: sh?n, IPA(key): /?a?n/, /?a:?n/
  • (file)
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  • Rhymes: -a?n

Etymology 1

From Middle English shinen, schinen (preterite schon, past participle schinen), from Old English sc?nan ("to shine, flash; be resplendent"; preterite sc?n, past participle scinen), from Proto-Germanic *sk?nan? ("to shine"). Cognate with West Frisian skine, skyne, Low German schienen, Dutch schijnen, German scheinen, Danish and Norwegian Bokmål skinne, Norwegian Nynorsk skina, skine and Swedish skina.

Verb

shine (third-person singular simple present shines, present participle shining, simple past and past participle shone or shined)

  1. (intransitive) To emit light.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 20, in The China Governess[1]:
      ‘No. I only opened the door a foot and put my head in. The street lamps shine into that room. I could see him. He was all right. Sleeping like a great grampus. Poor, poor chap.'
  2. (intransitive) To reflect light.
  3. (intransitive) To distinguish oneself; to excel.
    • 1867, Frederick William Robinson, No Man's Friend, Harper & Brothers, page 91:
      " [...] I was grateful to you for giving him a year's schooling--where he shined at it--and for putting him as a clerk in your counting-house, where he shined still more."
    • 2011 January 15, Phil McNulty, "Tottenham 0 - 0 Man Utd", in BBC[2]:
      It prompted an exchange of substitutions as Jermain Defoe replaced Palacios and Javier Hernandez came on for Berbatov, who had failed to shine against his former club.
    My nephew tried other sports before deciding on football, which he shone at right away, quickly becoming the star of his school team.
  4. (intransitive) To be effulgent in splendour or beauty.
    • (Can we date this quote by Spenser and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      So proud she shined in her princely state.
    • (Can we date this quote by Alexander Pope and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Once brightest shined this child of heat and air.
  5. (intransitive) To be eminent, conspicuous, or distinguished; to exhibit brilliant intellectual powers.
    • (Can we date this quote by Jonathan Swift and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Few are qualified to shine in company; but it in most men's power to be agreeable.
  6. (intransitive) To be immediately apparent.
  7. (transitive) To create light with (a flashlight, lamp, torch, or similar).
    • 2007, David Lynn Goleman, Legend: An Event Group Thriller, St. Martin's Press (2008), ->ISBN Invalid ISBN, page 318:
      As Jenks shined the large spotlight on the water, he saw a few bubbles and four long wakes leading away from an expanding circle of blood.
    I shone my light into the darkness to see what was making the noise.
  8. (transitive) To cause to shine, as a light.
    • (Can we date this quote by Francis Bacon and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      He [God] doth not rain wealth, nor shine honour and virtues, upon men equally.
  9. (US, transitive) To make bright; to cause to shine by reflected light.
    in hunting, to shine the eyes of a deer at night by throwing a light on them
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Bartlett to this entry?)
Synonyms
Coordinate terms
Derived terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Noun

shine (countable and uncountable, plural shines)

  1. Brightness from a source of light.
    • (Can we date this quote by Nathaniel Hawthorne and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      the distant shine of the celestial city
  2. Brightness from reflected light.
  3. Excellence in quality or appearance; splendour.
  4. Shoeshine.
  5. Sunshine.
    • (Can we date this quote by Dryden and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      be it fair or foul, or rain or shine
  6. (slang) Moonshine; illicitly brewed alcoholic drink.
  7. (cricket) The amount of shininess on a cricket ball, or on each side of the ball.
  8. (slang) A liking for a person; a fancy.
    She's certainly taken a shine to you.
  9. (archaic, slang) A caper; an antic; a row.
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2

From the noun shine, or perhaps continuing Middle English schinen in its causative uses, from Old English sc?n ("brightness, shine"), and also Middle English schenen, from Old English sc?nan ("to render brilliant, make shine"), from Proto-Germanic *skainijan?, causitive of *sk?nan? ("to shine").

Verb

shine (third-person singular simple present shines, present participle shining, simple past and past participle shined)

  1. (transitive) To cause (something) to shine; put a shine on (something); polish (something).
    He shined my shoes until they were polished smooth and gleaming.
  2. (transitive, cricket) To polish a cricket ball using saliva and one's clothing.
Synonyms
Translations

Anagrams


Irish

Adjective

shine

  1. Lenited form of sine.

Noun

shine

  1. Lenited form of sine.

Japanese

Romanization

shine

  1. R?maji transcription of

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English snan.

Verb

shine

  1. Alternative form of schinen

Etymology 2

From Old English s?inu.

Noun

shine

  1. Alternative form of shyn

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