Servir
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Servir

Asturian

Etymology

From Latin serv?re, present active infinitive of servi?.

Verb

servir

  1. to serve

Related terms


Catalan

Etymology

From Old Occitan servir, from Latin serv?re, present active infinitive of servi?.

Pronunciation

Verb

servir (first-person singular present serveixo, past participle servit)

  1. to serve
  2. to be useful, to be good for
    • 2019 September 18, Lluís Foix, "Negativisme desacomplexat", in La Vanguardia[1]:
      La veracitat que s'atorga a les enquestes d'opinió pot persuadir molta gent que la política i els polítics ja no serveixen per canviar les coses.
      The veracity granted to opinion polls can persuade many people that politics and politicians are no good anymore for changing things.

Conjugation

Derived terms

Related terms

Further reading


French

Etymology

From Middle French servir, from Old French servir, from Latin serv?re, present active infinitive of servi?.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /s.vi?/
  • (file)

Verb

servir

  1. to serve (to bring a meal to someone)
  2. to be used for
  3. (transitive with à) to be useful for someone, to be of use, come in handy
  4. (sports) to serve (start a point with service)
  5. (sports) to set up (pass to, in order to give a scoring chance)
  6. (reflexive) to help oneself, to serve oneself
  7. (reflexive, transitive with de) to use, make use of

Conjugation

This is one of a fairly large group of irregular -ir verbs that are all conjugated the same way. Other members of this group include sortir and dormir. The most significant difference between these verbs' conjugation and that of the regular -ir verbs is that these verbs' conjugation does not use the infix -iss-. Further, this conjugation has the forms (je, tu) sers and (il) sert in the present indicative and imperative, whereas a regular -ir verb would have *servis and *servit (as in the past historic).

This is one of a fairly large group of irregular -ir verbs that are all conjugated the same way. Other members of this group include sortir and dormir. The most significant difference between these verbs' conjugation and that of the regular -ir verbs is that these verbs' conjugation does not use the infix -iss-. Further, this conjugation has the forms (je, tu) sers and (il) sert in the present indicative and imperative, whereas a regular -ir verb would have *servis and *servit (as in the past historic).

This is one of a fairly large group of irregular -ir verbs that are all conjugated the same way. Other members of this group include sortir and dormir. The most significant difference between these verbs' conjugation and that of the regular -ir verbs is that these verbs' conjugation does not use the infix -iss-. Further, this conjugation has the forms (je, tu) sers and (il) sert in the present indicative and imperative, whereas a regular -ir verb would have *servis and *servit (as in the past historic).

Related terms

Further reading


Interlingua

Pronunciation

Verb

servir

  1. to serve

Conjugation


Italian

Verb

servir

  1. Apocopic form of servire

Middle French

Etymology

From Old French servir, from Latin serv?re, present active infinitive of servi?.

Verb

servir

  1. to serve (act as a servant or a vassal)

Descendants

  • -> English: serve
  • French: servir

Occitan

Etymology

From Old Occitan servir, from Latin serv?re, present active infinitive of servi?.

Pronunciation

Verb

servir

  1. to serve
  2. to be useful

Conjugation

Related terms


Old French

Etymology

From Latin serv?re, present active infinitive of servi?.

Verb

servir

  1. to serve (act as a servant or a vassal)

Conjugation

This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Related terms

Descendants


Old Occitan

Etymology

From Latin serv?re, present active infinitive of servi?.

Verb

servir

  1. to serve (act as a servant or a vassal)

Descendants


Portuguese

Etymology

From Old Portuguese servir, from Latin serv?re, present active infinitive of servi?.

Pronunciation

Verb

servir (first-person singular present indicative sirvo, past participle servido)

  1. (transitive) to serve (to work as a servant for someone)
  2. (religion, transitive) to serve (to worship a god)
  3. (transitive) to serve (to give out or place down food or drink)
  4. (intransitive, or transitive with em) to serve (to be part of an armed force)
    Servi dois anos na Legião Estrangeira. - I served for two years in the Foreign Legion.
  5. (intransitive) to suffice; to do (to be good enough for a task)
    Esse martelo é ruim mas serve. - This hammer is bad but it will do.
  6. (subordinating, transitive with para) to be for (to have as its purpose or utility)
    Martelos servem para as pessoas baterem pregos. - Hammers are for people to hit nails with.

Conjugation

Quotations

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:servir.

Related terms


Spanish

Etymology

From Latin serv?re, present active infinitive of servi?.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ser'bi?/, [ser'?i?]

Verb

servir (first-person singular present sirvo, first-person singular preterite serví, past participle servido)

  1. (intransitive, transitive) to serve (to be a servant or worker; to render service)
    Es una empresa que sirve a los discapacitados.
    It's a business that serves the disabled.
  2. (intransitive, transitive) to serve (to be a servant for; to work for)
  3. (intransitive) to be of use, to be good for
    Hace diez años, la traducción automática no servía.
    Ten years ago, automated translation was no good.
    Este cuchillo sirve para cortar el pan.
    This knife is good for cutting bread.
  4. (intransitive) to serve (to usefully take the place of something else)
    sirve como recordatorio - serves as a reminder
  5. (intransitive) to serve (to be in military service)
  6. (intransitive, transitive) to serve (to set down (food or drink) on the table to be eaten)
    El camarero nos sirvió la comida de otra mesa.
    The waiter served us another table's food.
  7. (intransitive, sports) to serve (to lead off with the first delivery over the net in tennis, volleyball, ping pong, badminton, etc.)
    Synonym: sacar
  8. (reflexive, with de) to help oneself to (to take something freely)

Conjugation

  • Rule: e weakens to i in certain conjugations.

Derived terms

Related terms

Further reading


Venetian

Etymology

From Latin serv?re, present active infinitive of servi?. Compare Italian servire.

Verb

servir

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to serve

Conjugation

  • Venetian conjugation varies from one region to another. Hence, the following conjugation should be considered as typical, not as exhaustive.

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