Sere
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Sere
See also: sére, seré, and Sêre

English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English ser, sere, seare, seer, seere, seir, seyr ("dry, withered; emaciated, shrivelled; brittle; bare; dead, lifeless; barren, useless"),[1] from Old English s?ar, s?ere ("dry, withered; barren; sere"),[2] from Proto-Germanic *sauzaz ("dry, parched"), from Proto-Indo-European *h?sews-, *sh?ews- ("to be dry"). The English word is cognate with Dutch zoor ("dry and coarse"), Greek ? (a?os, "dry"), Lithuanian sausas ("dry"), Middle Low German sôr (Low German soor ("arid, dry")), Old Church Slavonic su (su, "dry"),[2] and is a doublet of sear.

Adjective

sere (comparative serer, superlative serest)

  1. (archaic or literary, poetic) Without moisture; dry.
    Synonyms: sare (Britain, archaic), sear; see also Thesaurus:dry
  2. (obsolete) Of fabrics: threadbare, worn out.
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Latin serere, present active infinitive of ser? ("to entwine, interlace, link together; to join in a series, string together"),[3] ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ser- ("to bind, tie together; to thread").

Noun

sere (plural seres)

  1. (ecology) A natural succession of animal or plant communities in an ecosystem, especially a series of communities succeeding one another from the time a habitat is unoccupied to the point when a climax community is achieved. [from early 20th c.]
    Synonym: seral community
    • 1980 August, Douglas C. Andersen; James A. MacMahon; Michael L. Wolfe, "Herbivorous Mammals along a Montane Sere: Community Structure and Energetics", in Journal of Mammology[1], volume 61, number 3, Baltimore, Md.: American Society of Mammalogists, ISSN 0022-2372, OCLC 1097268763, archived from the original on 21 July 2018, page 501:
      We examined one of several seres found in the middle Rocky Mountains that progress from a subalpine or montane forb-dominated meadow to a climax forest dominated by Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmannii).
    • 1988 December, Walter F. Mueggler, "Approach", in Aspen Community Types of the Intermountain Region (General Technical Report; INT-250), Ogden, Ut.: Intermountain Research Station, Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture, OCLC 25967910, page 5, column 1:
      [C]ommunity types may represent either climax plant associations or successional communities within a sere.
    • 2007, Thomas J. Stohlgren, "History and Background, Baggage and Direction", in Measuring Plant Diversity: Lessons from the Field, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ->ISBN, part I (The Past and Present), page 31:
      [S]ome communities persisted as repeating early successional seres ("disclimaxes"), while climax communities could contain small areas of different sere communities.
Hyponyms
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 3

From Old French serre (modern French serre ("talon")), from serrer ("to grip tightly; to shut") (modern French serrer ("to squeeze; to tighten")), from Vulgar Latin serr?re ("to close, shut"), from Late Latin ser?re, present active infinitive of ser? ("to fasten with a bolt; to bar, bolt"), from sera ("bar for fastening doors"), from ser? ("to bind or join together; entwine, interlace, interweave, plait"); see further at etymology 2.[4]

Noun

sere (plural seres)

  1. (obsolete) A claw, a talon.

Etymology 4

From Middle English ser, sere, schere, seer, seere, seir, seyr, seyre ("different; diverse, various; distinct, individual; parted, separated; many, several"),[5] from Old Norse sér ("for oneself; separately", dative reflexive pronoun, literally "to oneself"), from sik ("oneself, myself, yourself, herself, himself; ourselves, yourselves, themselves"),[6] from Proto-Germanic *sek ("oneself"), from Proto-Indo-European *swé ("self"). The English word is cognate with Danish sær ("singular"), især ("especially, particularly"), German sich ("oneself; herself, himself, itself; themselves"), Icelandic sig ("oneself; herself, himself, itself; themselves"), Latin s? ("herself, himself, itself; themselves"), Scots seir, Swedish sär ("particularly").[6]

Adjective

sere (comparative more sere, superlative most sere)

  1. (obsolete or Britain, dialectal) Individual, separate, set apart.
  2. (obsolete or Britain, dialectal) Different; diverse.
    • 1910, James Prior, "Bishoped Porridge", in Fortuna Chance, London: Constable & Co. Ltd., OCLC 61856236, page 316:
      Thou wert well-nee moidered [footnote: Distracted.] wi' me, I know, but it thou'd telled me, Mary, I mun do better or else we mun goo our sere-ways [footnote: Different ways.], belike I should a done better. I'm nobbut a mon, Mary, a lundy day-tale mon [footnote: Clumsy day-labourer.].
Alternative forms
Derived terms

References

Further reading

Anagrams


Czech

Verb

sere

  1. third-person singular indicative of srát

Friulian

Etymology

From Late Latin s?ra, from ellipsis of Latin s?ra di?s, from s?rus ("late"). Compare Italian sera, Venetian séra, Romansch saira, seira, Romanian sear?, French soir.

Noun

sere f (plural seris)

  1. evening

Derived terms


Haitian Creole

Etymology

From French serrer.

Verb

sere

  1. tighten, squeeze

Adjective

sere

  1. tight

Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): ['se:.re], /'sere/
  • Hyphenation: sé?re

Noun

sere f

  1. plural of sera

Anagrams


Kurdish

Adjective

sere

  1. old

Latin

Etymology 1

Form of the verb ser? ("I sow or plant").

Verb

sere

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of ser?

Etymology 2

Form of the verb ser? ("I join or weave").

Verb

sere

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of ser?

Etymology 3

Form of s?rus.

Adjective

s?re

  1. vocative masculine singular of s?rus

Leonese

Etymology

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb

sere

  1. to be

Conjugation

References


Middle Dutch

Etymology

From Old Dutch s?ro. Equivalent to sêer +‎ -e.

Adverb

sêre

  1. strongly, very, to a great degree
  2. hard, forcefully
  3. fast, with speed

Descendants

Further reading

  • "sere", in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • "sere", in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English s?ar, from Proto-Germanic *sauzaz. Doublet of sor ("sorrel").

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Adjective

sere

  1. (especially referring to plants) dry, withered, shrunken, brittle
Descendants
References

Etymology 2

From Old Norse sér, dative of sik, from Proto-Germanic *siz, dative and instrumental of *sek, from Proto-Indo-European *swé ("self").

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Adjective

sere

  1. Individual, separate, set apart.
  2. Different; diverse.
  3. Numerous, many, copious.
References
Descendants

Adverb

sere

  1. Separately, severally.
References

Etymology 3

From Old French seür.

Adjective

sere

  1. Alternative form of sure

Turkish

Alternative forms

Noun

sere (definite accusative sereyi, plural sereler)

  1. (informal) a measure of distance, being the span, when spreading one's fingers, from the tip of the thumb to the tip of the index finger.

References

  • sere in Turkish dictionaries at Türk Dil Kurumu

Zazaki

Etymology

Related to Persian (sar).

Noun

sere ?

  1. (anatomy) head

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