From Middle English rewe, reowe, from Old English hr?ow ("sorrow, regret, penitence, repentance, penance"), from Proto-Germanic *hreww? ("pain, sadness, regret, repentance"), from Proto-Indo-European *krew-, *krow-, *krows- ("to push, fall, beat, break"). Cognate with Scots rew ("rue"), West Frisian rouw ("sadness"), Dutch rouw ("mourning, sadness"), German Reue ("repentance, regret, remorse, contrition"), Lithuanian krù?ti ("to smash, crash, bruise"), Russian ? (kru?it?, "crush").
- (archaic or dialectal) Sorrow; repentance; regret.
- (archaic or dialectal) Pity; compassion.
From Middle English rewen, ruwen, ruen, reowen, from Old English hr?owan ("to rue; make sorry; grieve"), perhaps influenced by Old Norse hryggja ("to distress, grieve"), from Proto-Germanic *hrewwan? ("to sadden; repent"). Cognate with Dutch rouwen, German reuen.
rue (third-person singular simple present rues, present participle ruing or rueing, simple past and past participle rued)
- (obsolete, transitive) To cause to repent of sin or regret some past action.
- (obsolete, transitive) To cause to feel sorrow or pity.
- (transitive) To repent of or regret (some past action or event); to wish that a past action or event had not taken place.
- I rued the day I crossed paths with her.
- (Can we date this quote?) Chapman
- I wept to see, and rued it from my heart.
1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 4:
Thy will chose freely what it now so justly rues.
- 2009, David Theo Goldberg, The Threat of Race:
- And feminization of the homeland is something to be rued, while the feminized humiliation of the enemy for the sake of the fatherland is cause for commendation and celebration.
- 2009, Erica James, It's The Little Things:
- As far as they were concerned, he must be ruing the day he ever met Sally.
- 2012, Joy Fielding, Still Life:
- And was the fact she was no longer losing large chunks of time something to be celebrated or something to be rued?
- 2014, Gary Meehan, True Fire:
- "If we get in a fight, you'll be ruing your lack of training."
- (archaic, intransitive) To feel compassion or pity.
- Late 14th century Geoffrey Chaucer, 'The Franklin's Tale', Canterbury Tales
- Madame, reweth upon my peynes smerte
- (Can we date this quote?) Ridley
- which stirred men's hearts to rue upon them
- (archaic, intransitive) To feel sorrow or regret.
- (Can we date this quote?) Tennyson
- Old year, we'll dearly rue for you.
- Often used in the collocation "rue the day".
to repent or regret a past action or event
From Middle English rue, from Anglo-Norman ruwe, Old French rue (> modern French rue), from Latin r?ta, from Ancient Greek ? (rhut?). Compare rude.
rue (plural rues)
- Any of various perennial shrubs of the genus Ruta, especially the herb Ruta graveolens (common rue), formerly used in medicines.
- 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.2:
- But th'aged Nourse, her calling to her bowre, / Had gathered Rew, and Savine, and the flowre / Of Camphora, and Calamint, and Dill [...].
- c. 1600, William Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act 4, Scene 5, Ophelia:
- There's fennel for you, and columbines: there's rue for you; and here's some for me: we may call it herb-grace o' Sundays: O you must wear your rue with a difference.
any of various perennial shrubs
- Arabic: m (sub)
- Belarusian: f (rúta)
- Catalan: ruda f
- Dalmatian: roita f
- Danish: rude (da)
- Dutch: wijnruit (nl)
- Estonian: ruud, aedruud
- Finnish: ruuta (fi), tuoksuruuta
- French: rue odorante f, herbe de grâce (fr) f, Herbe à la belle Fille f
- Friulian: rude f
- German: Raute (de), Weinraute, Gertrudenkraut, Gnadenkraut, Kreuzraute, Totenkraut, Gartenraute, Weinkraut
- Greek: (el) m (apíganos)
- Ancient: ? n (p?ganon)
- Hebrew: ? (he)
- Hungarian: ruta (hu), kerti ruta
- Icelandic: rúturunni
- Italian: ruta (it) f
- Japanese: (ja) (henr?da), (?, unk?)
- ^ "rue" in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001-2019.
From Old French rue, developed figuratively from Latin r?ga ("wrinkle"), from Proto-Indo-European *krewp- ("to become encrusted"), extension of *krew- ("scab")
rue f (plural rues)
- street, road
From Old French rue, rude, from Latin r?ta, from Ancient Greek ? (rhut?).
rue f (plural rues)
- rue (the plant)
- first-person singular present indicative of ruer
- third-person singular present indicative of ruer
- first-person singular present subjunctive of ruer
- third-person singular present subjunctive of ruer
- second-person singular imperative of ruer
- Gonçalves, Manuel (2015) Capeverdean Creole-English dictionary, ->ISBN
- second-person singular present active imperative of ru?
Borrowed from Anglo-Norman ruwe, from Latin r?ta, from Ancient Greek ? (rhut?).
- A kind of plant belonging to the genus Ruta; rue.
- (rare) meadow-rue (plants in the genus Thalictrum)
From Old French rue, developed figuratively from Latin ruga ("wrinkle").
rue f (plural rues)
- (Jersey, Guernsey) road, street
rue f (definite singular rua, indefinite plural ruer, definite plural ruene)
- a pile, heap
- a lump of manure, particularly from a cow
- "rue" in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
From Latin r?ta, from Ancient Greek ? (rhut?).
rue f (oblique plural rues, nominative singular rue, nominative plural rues)
- rue (plant)
- -> Middle English: rue
- French: rue
- plural of rua