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Borrowed from Old French relaxer, from Latin relax?re ("relax, loosen, open"), from re- ("back") + lax?re ("loosen"), from laxus ("loose, free").
A man relaxing
and reading a book.
relax (third-person singular simple present relaxes, present participle relaxing, simple past and past participle relaxed)
- (transitive) To calm down.
- (transitive) To make something loose.
to relax a rope or cord
to relax the muscles or sinews
- (intransitive) To become loose.
- (transitive) To make something less severe or tense.
to relax discipline
to relax one's attention or endeavours
- (intransitive) To become less severe or tense.
- (transitive) To make something (such as codes and regulations) more lenient.
- (Can we date this quote?) Jonathan Swift
- The statute of mortmain was at several times relaxed by the legislature.
1953, "Section 2. Jurisdiction", in Edward Samuel Corwin, editor, The Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation, page 589:
The Court rejected the contention that the doctrine of sovereign immunity should be relaxed as inapplicable to suits for specific relief as distinguished from damage suits, saying: "The Government, as representative of the community as a whole, cannot be stopped in its tracks by any plaintiff who presents a disputed question of property or contract right."
- (intransitive, of codes and regulations) To become more lenient.
- (transitive) To relieve (something) from stress.
Amusement relaxes the mind.
- (transitive, dated) To relieve from constipation; to loosen; to open.
An aperient relaxes the bowels.
to make something loose
- Ido: laxigar (io)
- Japanese: (kutsurogaseru)
- Latin: relax?
- Maori: whakakorokoro, whakangoru, whakatangatanga
- Norwegian: slappe av
- Polish: rozlu?ni? (pl) pf, poluzowa?
- Portuguese: soltar (pt), afrouxar (pt)
- Romanian: relaxa (ro), destinde (ro), desface (ro)
- Russian: (ru) impf (rasslablját?), (ru) pf (rasslábit?)
- Spanish: relajar (es), aflojar (es)
- Walloon: laispi (wa), låtchî (wa), distinkyî (wa)
to make something less severe or tense
to become less severe or tense
to make something (such as codes and regulations) more lenient
to relieve (something) from stress
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
relax m (invariable)
- relaxation (mental or physical)
Pseudo-anglicism, shortening of English relaxion or erroneously borrowing of English relax.
relax m (uncountable)