Reeve
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Reeve
See also: Reeve

English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English reve, from Old English r?fa, an aphetism of ?er?fa (also groefa), from Proto-West Germanic *gar?fij? ("officer, official"). Compare Danish greve, Swedish greve, Dutch graaf, German Graf. Role, and later word, mostly replaced by bailiff, of Anglo-Norman origin.

Noun

reeve (plural reeves)

  1. (historical) Any of several local officials, with varying responsibilities.
    • 1999, Bede, Judith McClure, Roger Collins, editor, The Ecclesiastical History of the English People[1], Oxford University Press, ->ISBN, page 99:
      His first convert was the reeve of the city of Lincoln called Blæcca, ...
  2. (Canada) The president of a township or municipal district council.
  3. (military, historical) The holder of a proposed but unadopted commissioned rank of the Royal Air Force, equivalent to wing commander.
    • 1936, The Periodical (Oxford University Press), volumes 21-22, page 67
      A list of new titles was manufactured as follows: Ensign, Lieutenant, Flight-Leader, Squadron-Leader, Reeve, Banneret, Fourth-Ardian, Third-Ardian, Second-Ardian, Ardian, Air Marshal. [...] "Reeve", perhaps, savoured a little too much of legal authority.

Synonyms

Related terms

See also

Translations

Etymology 2

Apparent alternative form of reef ("to pull or yank strongly", verb) or from Dutch reven ("to take in, insert").

Verb

reeve (third-person singular simple present reeves, present participle reeving, simple past and past participle reeved or rove)

  1. (nautical, dialect) To pass (a rope) through a hole or opening, especially so as to fasten it.
    • 1930, William Faulkner, As I Lay Dying, Library of America, 1985, p.98:
      "Let the rope go," he says. With his other hand he reaches down and reeves the two turns from the stanchion.

Etymology 3

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

reeve (plural reeves)

  1. A female of the species Philomachus pugnax, a highly gregarious, medium-sized wading bird of Eurasia; the male is a ruff.

Anagrams


Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English r?fa.

Noun

reeve

  1. Alternative form of reve

Etymology 2

From Old English r?afian.

Verb

reeve

  1. Alternative form of reven

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