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An Early Neolithic (3700 - 3500 BC) saddle quern and rubbing stone
From Middle English quern, cwerne, from Old English cweorn ("quern, hand-mill, mill"), from Proto-Germanic *kwern? ("millstone"), from Proto-Indo-European *g?réh?w? ("heavy stone"), from *g?réh?us ("heavy").
quern (plural querns)
- A mill for grinding corn, especially a hand-mill made of two circular stones.
1978, Robert Nye, Merlin:
She is shaking in ingredients from various small bottles and querns produced from the pockets of her robes, and from the drawer in the wooden table.
- 2005, Anne Crone, Ewan Campbell, A Crannog of the First Millennium, AD: Excavations by Jack Scott at Loch Gloshan, Argyll, 1960, page 100,
- MacKie has noted that querns that were in use in Scotland up to the present day were about 450mm--600mm in diameter and that the lower stone was completely perforated to make it adjustable (MacKie 1987, 5).
- 2009, Charles D. Hockensmith, The Millstone Industry, page 212,
- Not surprisingly, different cultures discovered the suitability of various rock types for manufacturing querns and millstones.
quern (third-person singular simple present querns, present participle querning, simple past and past participle querned)
- (transitive) To grind; to use a quern.
- 1979, Poul Anderson, The Merman's Children, 2011, unnumbered page,
- He could almost set aside the longing for Eyjan that ever querned within him--almost--in this place so utterly sundered from everything of hers.
- 2000, Tina Tuohy, 9: Long Handled Weaving Combs: Problems Determining the Gender of Tool-Maker and Tool-User, Moira Donald, Linda Hurcombe (editors), Gender and Material Culture in Archaeological Perspective, page 141,
- For women he thought these should include combing, spinning, querning, leather and fur-working and be associated with finds of beads, bracelets and perforated teeth.
- 2009, Greer Gilman, Unleaving, Cloud & Ashes: Three Winter's Tales, page 262,
- Beyond this now lay only chaos and a querning sea. Time's millstones, grinding bones for bread.
- 2011, Rachel Pope, Ian Ralston, 17: Approaching Sex and Status in Iron Age Britain with Reference to the Nearer Continent, Tom Moore, Thomas Hugh Moore, X. L. Armada (editors), Atlantic Europe in the First Millennium BC: Crossing the Divide, page 401,
- From the osteology, a supposed link between squatting facets and prehistoric women--and by extension the interpretation that women were engaged in querning activity--is not demonstrated for the Iron Age: of the thirteen with the complaint in Deal, Kent, 62 per cent were male (Anderson 1995: table 29).
From Old English cweorn, from Proto-Germanic *kwern?, from Proto-Indo-European *g?réh?w? ("heavy stone"), from *g?réh?us ("heavy").
quern (plural quernes)
- A quern or quirn; a device for grinding grains.
- A stone forming part of a quern.