Prune
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Prune

English

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /p?u:n/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -u:n

Etymology 1

From Middle English prune, from Old French prune, from Vulgar Latin *pr?na, feminine singular formed from the neutral plural of Latin pr?num, from Ancient Greek ? (proûnon), variant of (proûmnon, "plum"), a loanword from a language of Asia Minor. Doublet of plum.

Noun

prune (plural prunes)

  1. (obsolete) A plum.
  2. The dried, wrinkled fruit of certain species of plum.
  3. (slang) An old woman, especially a wrinkly one.

Verb

prune (third-person singular simple present prunes, present participle pruning, simple past and past participle pruned)

  1. (intransitive, informal) To become wrinkled like a dried plum, as the fingers and toes do when kept submerged in water.
    • 2005, Alycia Ripley, Traveling with an Eggplant (page 111)
      I hardly left that spot in my pool that month even when my fingers pruned and chlorine dried out my skin.
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Old French proignier ("to trim the feathers with the beak"), earlier prooignier, ultimately from Latin pro- ("front") + rotundus ("round") 'to round-off the front'.

Verb

  1. (transitive, horticulture) To remove excess material from a tree or shrub; to trim, especially to make more healthy or productive.
    A good grape grower will prune the vines once a year.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Milton and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Our delightful task / To prune these growing plants, and tend these flowers.
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To cut down or shorten (by the removal of unnecessary material).
    to prune a budget, or an essay
    • (Can we date this quote by Francis Bacon and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      taking into consideration how they [laws] are to be pruned and reformed
  3. (transitive, computer science) To remove unnecessary branches from a tree data structure.
  4. (obsolete) To preen; to prepare; to dress.
    • 1611 April (first recorded performance), William Shakespeare, "The Tragedie of Cymbeline", in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene iv]:
      Hang him; he'll be made an example.
    • 1676, John Dryden, All For Love, Epilogue.
      For 'tis observed of every scribbling man,
      He grows a fop as fast as e'er he can;
      Prunes up, and asks his oracle, the glass,
      If pink or purple best become his face.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Edmund Spenser to this entry?)
Derived terms
Translations

Anagrams


French

French Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia fr

Etymology

From Old French prune, from Vulgar Latin *pr?na, feminine singular formed from the neutral plural of Latin pr?num, from Ancient Greek (proûmnon).

Pronunciation

Noun

prune f (plural prunes)

  1. plum
  2. (slang) ticket ("traffic citation")

Derived terms

Further reading


Latin

Noun

pr?ne

  1. vocative singular of pr?nus

Middle English

Alternative forms

Etymology

Borrowed from Old French prune, from Vulgar Latin *pr?na, from Latin pr?num, from Ancient Greek ? (proûnon), (proûmnon). Doublet of plomme.

Pronunciation

Noun

prune (plural prunes)

  1. A plum (fruit of Prunus domestica)
  2. A prune (dried plum)
  3. (pathology) A large, rounded boil.

Descendants

  • English: prune

References


Old French

Etymology

From Vulgar Latin *pr?na, feminine singular formed from the neutral plural of Latin pr?num.

Noun

prune f (oblique plural prunes, nominative singular prune, nominative plural prunes)

  1. plum (fruit)

Descendants


Romanian

Pronunciation

Noun

prune

  1. plural of prun?

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prune
 



 



 
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