From Middle English prune, from Old French prune, from Vulgar Latin *pr?na, feminine singular formed from the neutral plural of Latin pr?num, from Ancient Greek ? (proûnon), variant of (proûmnon, "plum"), a loanword from a language of Asia Minor. Doublet of plum.
prune (plural prunes)
- (obsolete) A plum.
- The dried, wrinkled fruit of certain species of plum.
- (slang) An old woman, especially a wrinkly one.
prune (third-person singular simple present prunes, present participle pruning, simple past and past participle pruned)
- (intransitive, informal) To become wrinkled like a dried plum, as the fingers and toes do when kept submerged in water.
- 2005, Alycia Ripley, Traveling with an Eggplant (page 111)
- I hardly left that spot in my pool that month even when my fingers pruned and chlorine dried out my skin.
- Arabic: (?aj), f (?aw?na), ? f (?aw?na(t) mujaffafa), (?aw? mujaffaf)
- Armenian: (hy) (salorair)
- Catalan: pruna seca f
- Mandarin: , (l?zig?n), , (x?méig?n), (zh), (zh) (g?nméizi), (zh), (zh) (m?ig?n)
- Czech: su?ená ?vestka f
- Danish: sveske c
- Finnish: kuivattu luumu
- French: pruneau (fr) m
- Galician: ameixa secada f
- Georgian: please add this translation if you can
- German: Backpflaume (de) f, Trockenpflaume f
- Hungarian: aszalt szilva (hu)
- Icelandic: sveskja f
- Irish: prúna m
- Italian: prugna secca f
- Japanese: ? (ja) (pur?n), (?, seiy? sumomo)
- Korean: (mallin jadu)
- Macedonian: ? f (suva sliva)
From Old French proignier ("to trim the feathers with the beak"), earlier prooignier, ultimately from Latin pro- ("front") + rotundus ("round") 'to round-off the front'.
- (transitive, horticulture) To remove excess material from a tree or shrub; to trim, especially to make more healthy or productive.
- A good grape grower will prune the vines once a year.
- (Can we date this quote by John Milton and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
- Our delightful task / To prune these growing plants, and tend these flowers.
- (transitive, figuratively) To cut down or shorten (by the removal of unnecessary material).
- to prune a budget, or an essay
- (Can we date this quote by Francis Bacon and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
- taking into consideration how they [laws] are to be pruned and reformed
- (transitive, computer science) To remove unnecessary branches from a tree data structure.
- (obsolete) To preen; to prepare; to dress.
1611 April (first recorded performance), William Shakespeare, "The Tragedie of Cymbeline", in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene iv]:
Hang him; he'll be made an example.
- 1676, John Dryden, All For Love, Epilogue.
- For 'tis observed of every scribbling man,
- He grows a fop as fast as e'er he can;
- Prunes up, and asks his oracle, the glass,
- If pink or purple best become his face.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Edmund Spenser to this entry?)
(figuratively) cut down or shorten
From Old French prune, from Vulgar Latin *pr?na, feminine singular formed from the neutral plural of Latin pr?num, from Ancient Greek (proûmnon).
prune f (plural prunes)
- (slang) ticket ("traffic citation")
- vocative singular of pr?nus
Borrowed from Old French prune, from Vulgar Latin *pr?na, from Latin pr?num, from Ancient Greek ? (proûnon), (proûmnon). Doublet of plomme.
prune (plural prunes)
- A plum (fruit of Prunus domestica)
- A prune (dried plum)
- (pathology) A large, rounded boil.
From Vulgar Latin *pr?na, feminine singular formed from the neutral plural of Latin pr?num.
prune f (oblique plural prunes, nominative singular prune, nominative plural prunes)
- plum (fruit)
- plural of prun?