Plant
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Plant
See also: Plant

English

Etymology

From Middle English plante, from Old English plante ("young tree or shrub, herb newly planted"), from Latin planta ("sprout, shoot, cutting"). Broader sense of "any vegetable life, vegetation generally" is from French plante. Doublet of clan, borrowed through Celtic languages.

The verb is from Middle English planten, from Old English plantian ("to plant"), from Latin plant?re, later influenced by Old French planter. Compare also Dutch planten ("to plant"), German pflanzen ("to plant"), Swedish plantera ("to plant"), Icelandic planta ("to plant").

Pronunciation

Noun

plant (plural plants)

  1. (botany) An organism that is not an animal, especially an organism capable of photosynthesis. Typically a small or herbaceous organism of this kind, rather than a tree.
    • 2013 May-June, Katrina G. Claw, "Rapid Evolution in Eggs and Sperm", in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 217:
      In plants, the ability to recognize self from nonself plays an important role in fertilization, because self-fertilization will result in less diverse offspring than fertilization with pollen from another individual. Many genes with reproductive roles also have antibacterial and immune functions, which indicate that the threat of microbial attack on the sperm or egg may be a major influence on rapid evolution during reproduction.
    The garden had a couple of trees, and a cluster of colourful plants around the border.
  2. (botany) An organism of the kingdom Plantae; now specifically, a living organism of the Embryophyta (land plants) or of the Chlorophyta (green algae), a eukaryote that includes double-membraned chloroplasts in its cells containing chlorophyll a and b, or any organism closely related to such an organism.
  3. (ecology) Now specifically, a multicellular eukaryote that includes chloroplasts in its cells, which have a cell wall.
  4. (proscribed as biologically inaccurate) Any creature that grows on soil or similar surfaces, including plants and fungi.
  5. A factory or other industrial or institutional building or facility.
  6. An object placed surreptitiously in order to cause suspicion to fall upon a person.
    That gun's not mine! It's a plant! I've never seen it before!
  7. Anyone assigned to behave as a member of the public during a covert operation (as in a police investigation).
  8. A person, placed amongst an audience, whose role is to cause confusion, laughter etc.
  9. (snooker) A play in which the cue ball knocks one (usually red) ball onto another, in order to pot the second; a set.
    • 2008, Phil Yates, The Times, April 28 2008:
      O'Sullivan risked a plant that went badly astray, splitting the reds.
  10. (uncountable) Machinery, such as the kind used in earthmoving or construction.
  11. (obsolete) A young tree; a sapling; hence, a stick or staff.
    • 1694, John Dryden, transl., "The Third Book of Virgil's Georgicks", in The Annual Miscellany, for the Year 1694, second edition, London: Jacob Tonson, published 1708, page 185:
      Take, Shepherd, take a Plant of stubborn Oak; / And labour him with many a sturdy stroke: / Or with hard Stones, demolish from afar / His haughty Crest, the feat of all the War.
  12. (obsolete) The sole of the foot.
  13. (dated, slang) A plan; a swindle; a trick.
    • 1850 March 30, Charles Dickens, "A Detective Police Party", in Household Words, volume 1, page 413:
      It wasn't a bad plant that of mine, on Fikey, the man accused of forging the Sou' Westeru Railway debentures--it was only t' other day--because the reason why? I'll tell you.
  14. An oyster which has been bedded, in distinction from one of natural growth.
  15. (US, dialect) A young oyster suitable for transplanting.

Usage notes

The scientific definition of what organisms should be considered plants changed dramatically during the 20th century. Bacteria, algae, and fungi are no longer considered plants by those who study them. Many textbooks do not reflect the most current thinking on classification.

Hypernyms

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

See plant/translations § Noun.

Verb

plant (third-person singular simple present plants, present participle planting, simple past and past participle planted)

A man planting Pelargonium graveolens in South Africa (1)
  1. (transitive, intransitive) To place (a seed or plant) in soil or other substrate in order that it may live and grow.
  2. (transitive) To place (an object, or sometimes a person), often with the implication of intending deceit.
    That gun's not mine! It was planted there by the real murderer!
  3. (transitive) To place or set something firmly or with conviction.
    Plant your feet firmly and give the rope a good tug.
    to plant cannon against a fort; to plant a flag; to plant one's feet on solid ground
    • 2011 January 15, Sam Sheringham, "Chelsea 2 - 0 Blackburn Rovers", in BBC[1]:
      First Anelka curled a shot wide from just outside the box, then Lampard planted a header over the bar from Bosingwa's cross.
  4. To place in the ground.
    • 1780, William Cowper, "Light Shining out of Darkness", in Twenty-six Letters on Religious Subjects [...] To which are added Hymns [...] [2], fourth edition, page 252:
      God moves in a mysterious way, / His wonders to perform; / He plants his footsteps in the sea, / And rides upon the storm.
    • 2007, Richard Laymon, Savage, page 118:
      Sarah, she kissed each of her grandparents on the forehead. They were planted in a graveyard behind the church.
  5. To furnish or supply with plants.
    to plant a garden, an orchard, or a forest
  6. To engender; to generate; to set the germ of.
  7. To furnish with a fixed and organized population; to settle; to establish.
    to plant a colony
  8. To introduce and establish the principles or seeds of.
    to plant Christianity among the heathen
  9. To set up; to install; to instate.

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

See plant/translations § Verb.

See also


Danish

Verb

plant

  1. imperative of plante

Dutch

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch plante, from Latin planta.[1]Doublet of clan.

Pronunciation

Noun

plant f (plural planten, diminutive plantje n)

  1. plant, any member of the kingdom Plantae
  2. (potentially offensive) cabbage, vegetable (person with severe brain damage)
Hyponyms
Derived terms

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation

Verb

plant

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of planten
  2. imperative of planten

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): (Belgium) /pl?nt/, (Netherlands) /pl?nt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: plant

Verb

plant

  1. second- and third-person singular present indicative of plannen
  2. (archaic) plural imperative of plannen

References

  1. ^ Philippa, Marlies; Debrabandere, Frans; Quak, Arend; Schoonheim, Tanneke; van der Sijs, Nicoline (2003-2009) Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands (in Dutch), Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press

French

Etymology

Deverbal of planter. Doublet of plan ("plan, map").

Pronunciation

Noun

plant m (plural plants)

  1. seedling
  2. young plant or plantation

Further reading


German

Verb

plant

  1. inflection of planen:
    1. third-person singular present
    2. second-person plural present
    3. plural imperative

Haitian Creole

Etymology

From French plante ("plant").

Noun

plant

  1. plant (organism)

Mauritian Creole

Etymology

From French plante.

Pronunciation

Noun

plant

  1. a plant

Verb

plant

  1. Medial form of plante; to plant.

Middle English

Noun

plant (plural plantes)

  1. Alternative form of planete ("planet")
References

Norwegian Bokmål

Verb

plant

  1. imperative of plante

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

Verb

plant

  1. imperative of planta

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

Adjective

plant

  1. neuter singular of plan

Old Welsh

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin planta.

Noun

plant pl

  1. children
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)

Descendants

  • Old Irish: cland
  • Welsh: plant

Swedish

Adjective

plant

  1. absolute indefinite neuter form of plan.

Welsh

Etymology

From Old Welsh plant, from Latin planta.

Pronunciation

Noun

plant m (singulative plentyn)

  1. children, young people
  2. children (of parents), offspring (sometimes of animals), progeny, issue; descendants
    • 1620, Revised version of William Morgan's translation of the Bible, Joel 1:3:
      Mynegwch hyn i'ch plant, a'ch plant i'w plant hwythau, a'u plant hwythau i genhedlaeth arall.
      Tell ye your children of it, and let your children tell their children, and their children another generation. (KJV)
  3. followers, disciples, servants
  4. people regarded as product of a particular place, time, event, circumstances, etc.

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
plant blant mhlant phlant
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-present) , "plant", in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

West Frisian

West Frisian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fy

Etymology

Ultimately from Latin planta. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Noun

plant c (plural planten, diminutive plantsje)

  1. plant

Further reading

  • "plant (I)", in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

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