Part
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Part
See also: párt, pâr?, and part.

English

Etymology

From Middle English part, from Old English part ("part") and Old French part ("part"); both from Latin partem, accusative of pars ("piece, portion, share, side, party, faction, role, character, lot, fate, task, lesson, part, member"), from Proto-Indo-European *par-, *per- ("to cut, bore"). Akin to portio ("a portion, part"), parare ("to make ready, prepare"). Displaced Middle English del, dele ("part") (from Old English d?l ("part, distribution") > Modern English deal ("portion; amount")), Middle English dale, dole ("part, portion") (from Old English d?l ("portion") > Modern English dole), Middle English sliver ("part, portion") (from Middle English sliven ("to cut, cleave"), from Old English (t?)sl?fan ("to split")).

Pronunciation

Noun

part (plural parts)

  1. A portion; a component.
    1. A fraction of a whole. syn. transl.
      Gaul is divided into three parts.
      • 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, ->ISBN, page vii:
        Hepaticology, outside the temperate parts of the Northern Hemisphere, still lies deep in the shadow cast by that ultimate "closet taxonomist," Franz Stephani--a ghost whose shadow falls over us all.
      • 2013 June 1, "Towards the end of poverty", in The Economist, volume 407, number 8838, page 11:
        America's poverty line is $63 a day for a family of four. In the richer parts of the emerging world $4 a day is the poverty barrier. But poverty's scourge is fiercest below $1.25 ([…]): people below that level live lives that are poor, nasty, brutish and short.
    2. A distinct element of something larger.
      The parts of a chainsaw include the chain, engine, and handle.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:
        It had been arranged as part of the day's programme that Mr. Cooke was to drive those who wished to go over the Rise in his new brake.
      • 2012 December 1, "An internet of airborne things", in The Economist, volume 405, number 8813, page 3 (Technology Quarterly):
        A farmer could place an order for a new tractor part by text message and pay for it by mobile money-transfer. A supplier many miles away would then take the part to the local matternet station for airborne dispatch via drone.
    3. A group inside a larger group. syn. transl.
    4. Share, especially of a profit.
      I want my part of the bounty.
    5. A unit of relative proportion in a mixture.
      The mixture comprises one part sodium hydroxide and ten parts water.
    6. 3.5 centiliters of one ingredient in a mixed drink.
    7. A section of a document.
      Please turn to Part I, Chapter 2.
    8. A section of land; an area of a country or other territory; region.
    9. (mathematics, dated) A factor.
      3 is a part of 12.
    10. (US) A room in a public building, especially a courtroom.
  2. Duty; responsibility.
    to do one's part
    1. Position or role (especially in a play).
      We all have a part to play.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 2, in The Celebrity:
        We drove back to the office with some concern on my part at the prospect of so large a case. Sunning himself on the board steps, I saw for the first time Mr. Farquhar Fenelon Cooke. He was dressed out in broad gaiters and bright tweeds, like an English tourist, and his face might have belonged to Dagon, idol of the Philistines.
      • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 5, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
        He was thinking; but the glory of the song, the swell from the great organ, the clustered lights, [...], the height and vastness of this noble fane, its antiquity and its strength--all these things seemed to have their part as causes of the thrilling emotion that accompanied his thoughts.
    2. (music) The melody played or sung by a particular instrument, voice, or group of instruments or voices, within a polyphonic piece.
      The first violin part in this concerto is very challenging.
    3. Each of two contrasting sides of an argument, debate etc.; "hand".
      • , II.15:
        the fruition of life cannot perfectly be pleasing unto us, if we stand in any feare to lose it. A man might nevertheless say on the contrary part, that we embrace and claspe this good so much the harder, and with more affection, as we perceive it to be less sure, and feare it should be taken from us.
      • Bible, Mark, ix.40:
        He that is not against us is on our part.
      • (Can we date this quote by Edmund Waller and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
        Make whole kingdoms take her brother's part.
  3. (US) The dividing line formed by combing the hair in different directions. syn. transl.
    The part of his hair was slightly to the left.
  4. (Judaism) In the Hebrew lunisolar calendar, a unit of time equivalent to 3 1/3 seconds. syn.
  5. A constituent of character or capacity; quality; faculty; talent; usually in the plural with a collective sense.
    • (Can we date this quote by Edmund Burke and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      men of considerable parts
    • (Can we date this quote by Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      great quickness of parts
    • 1598-1599 (first performance), William Shakespeare, "Much Adoe about Nothing", in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene ii]:
      which maintained so politic a state of evil, that they will not admit any good part to intermingle with them.

Synonyms

Hyponyms

Holonyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Descendants

  • -> Japanese: (p?to)

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb

part (third-person singular simple present parts, present participle parting, simple past and past participle parted)

  1. (intransitive) To leave someone's company; (rare, poetic, literary) to go way; to die; to get rid of something, stop using it.
    • c. 1596-1598, William Shakespeare, "The Merchant of Venice", in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene vii]:
      He wrung Bassanio's hand, and so they parted.
    • (Can we date this quote by Anthony Trollope and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      It was strange to him that a father should feel no tenderness at parting with an only son.
    • (Can we date this quote by Andrew Reed and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      There is an hour when I must part / From all I hold most dear [1]
    • (Can we date this quote by George Eliot and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      his precious bag, which he would by no means part from
  2. To cut hair with a parting; shed.
  3. (transitive) To divide in two.
    to part the curtains
    • 1884, Mark Twain, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Chapter VII
      I run the canoe into a deep dent in the bank that I knowed about; I had to part the willow branches to get in; and when I made fast nobody could a seen the canoe from the outside.
  4. (intransitive) To be divided in two or separated; shed.
    A rope parts.  His hair parts in the middle.
  5. (transitive, now rare) To divide up; to share.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Luke III:
      He that hath ij. cootes, lett hym parte with hym that hath none: And he that hath meate, let him do lyke wyse.
    • Bible, John xix. 24
      They parted my raiment among them.
    • (Can we date this quote by Alexander Pope and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      to part his throne, and share his heaven with thee
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Qveene. [...], London: Printed [by John Wolfe] for VVilliam Ponsonbie, OCLC 960102938, book II, canto X:
      He left three sonnes, his famous progeny, / Borne of faire Inogene of Italy; / Mongst whom he parted his imperiall state [...]
  6. (obsolete) To have a part or share; to partake.
  7. To separate or disunite; to remove from contact or contiguity; to sunder.
    • Bible, Luke xxiv. 51
      While he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven.
    • c. 1596-1598, William Shakespeare, "The Merchant of Venice", in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene viii]:
      The narrow seas that part / The French and English.
    • 1910, Emerson Hough, chapter I, in The Purchase Price: Or The Cause of Compromise, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, OCLC 639762314, page 0124:
      "A fine man, that Dunwody, yonder," commented the young captain, as they parted, and as he turned to his prisoner. "We'll see him on in Washington some day. He is strengthening his forces now against Mr. Benton out there. [...]."
  8. (obsolete) To hold apart; to stand or intervene between.
  9. To separate by a process of extraction, elimination, or secretion.
    to part gold from silver
    • (Can we date this quote by Matthew Prior and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The liver minds his own affair, [...] / And parts and strains the vital juices.
  10. (transitive, archaic) To leave; to quit.
  11. (transitive, Internet) To leave (an IRC channel).
    • 2000, "Phantom", Re: Uhm... hi... I guess... (on newsgroup alt.support.boy-lovers)
      He parted the channel saying "SHUTUP!" [...] so I queried him, asking if there was something I could do [...] maybe talk [...] so we did [...] since then, I've been seeing him on IRC every day (really can't imagine him not being on IRC anymore actually).

Derived terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Adjective

part (not comparable)

  1. Fractional; partial.
    Fred was part owner of the car.

Translations

Adverb

part (not comparable)

  1. Partly; partially; fractionally.
    Part finished

Derived terms

Translations

References

Further reading

Anagrams


Catalan

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Latin partus.

Noun

part m (plural parts)

  1. birthing (act of giving birth)
  2. (figuratively) birth of an idea

Related terms

Etymology 2

From Old Occitan part, from Latin partem, accusative of pars, from Proto-Italic *partis.

Noun

part f (plural parts)

  1. part, portion

Related terms

Etymology 3

Borrowed from Latin Parthus ("Parthia").

Adjective

part (feminine parta, masculine plural parts, feminine plural partes)

  1. Parthian

Noun

part m (plural parts, feminine parta)

  1. Parthian

Related terms


Czech

Etymology

Latin pars

Pronunciation

Noun

part m

  1. part (the melody played or sung by a particular instrument, voice, or group of instruments or voices, within a polyphonic piece)

Related terms

Further reading


Dutch

Pronunciation

Noun

part n (plural parten, diminutive partje n)

  1. part

Estonian

Etymology

Onomatopoetic. Cognate to Votic partti. Probably the same root as in parisema ("to thud with pauses").

Noun

part (genitive pardi, partitive parti)

  1. duck

Declension


Faroese

Noun

part m

  1. participle accusative singular of partur
    fyri ein part - partial

French

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old French part, from Latin partem, accusative of pars, from Proto-Italic *partis.

Noun

part f (plural parts)

  1. share
    une grande part - a large share
  2. portion, part
    une grande part de tarte - a large portion of cake
    pour ma part - for my part, as far as I'm concerned, as for me
    pour la part de mon ami
    as far as my friend's concerned, as for my friend
  3. proportion
    une grande part de qch - a large proportion of something
    il y a une grande part de fiction dans son récit
    his/her account is highly fictional
Synonyms
Derived terms
Related terms

Etymology 2

Conjugated form of -ir verb partir

Verb

part

  1. third-person singular present indicative of partir

Etymology 3

From Latin partus.

Noun

part m (plural parts)

  1. newborn

Further reading


Friulian

Etymology 1

From Latin pars, partem.

Noun

part f (plural parts)

  1. part

Related terms

Etymology 2

From Latin partus.

Noun

part m (plural parts)

  1. delivery, birth, childbirth

See also


Hungarian

Etymology

Borrowed from Italian, from Latin portus. Compare Italian porto ("port, harbour").[1]

Pronunciation

Noun

part (plural partok)

  1. shore, coast, bank, beach

Declension

Possessive forms of part
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. partom partjaim
2nd person sing. partod partjaid
3rd person sing. partja partjai
1st person plural partunk partjaink
2nd person plural partotok partjaitok
3rd person plural partjuk partjaik

Derived terms

Compound words

References

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete ('Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes'). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, ->ISBN

Further reading

  • part in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmez? szótára ('The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language'). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959-1962.

Icelandic

Noun

part

  1. indefinite accusative singular of partur

Ladin

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Latin pars, partem.

Noun

part f (plural part)

  1. part

Related terms


Middle English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old French part and Old English part, both from Latin partem, accusative singular of pars, from Proto-Italic *partis.

Noun

part (plural partes)

  1. part

Descendants


Swedish

Etymology

Ultimately borrowed from Latin pars.

Pronunciation

Noun

part c

  1. part, piece
  2. party (law: person), stakeholder
    att vara part i målet
    to have a stake in the claim, to partial, to be biased
    arbetsmarknadens parter
    the stakeholders of the labour market, i.e. trade unions and employers' organizations

Declension

Declension of part 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative part parten parter parterna
Genitive parts partens parters parternas

Related terms

Anagrams


Veps

Etymology

Borrowing from Russian (parta).

Noun

part

  1. bench

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