On
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On

English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English on, from Old English on, an ("on, upon, onto, in, into"), from Proto-Germanic *ana ("on, at"), from Proto-Indo-European *h?en-. Cognate with North Frisian a ("on, in"), Saterland Frisian an ("on, at"), West Frisian oan ("on, at"), Dutch aan ("on, at, to"), Low German an ("on, at"), German an ("to, at, on"), Swedish å ("on, at, in"), Faroese á ("on, onto, in, at"), Icelandic á ("on, in"), Gothic (ana), Ancient Greek (aná, "up, upon"), Albanian ("in"); and from Old Norse upp á: Danish , Swedish , Norwegian , see upon.

Adjective

on (not comparable)

  1. In the state of being active, functioning or operating.
  2. Performing according to schedule.
    Are we still on for tonight?
    Is the show still on?
  3. (chiefly Britain, informal, usually negative) Acceptable, appropriate.
    You can't do that; it's just not on.
    • 1998 May 22, "Phoenix Gamma", If I was owned Nintendo..., alt.games.video.nintendo-64:
      This kind of over-packaging of goods is completely not on.
    • 2003 August 12, "DAB sounds worse than FM", Gerg Dyke's Speech at Radio Festival, alt.radio.digital:
      [...] , so Simon Nelson saying on Feedback "we'd prefer it if everybody listened to digital radio via DAB" is completely not on at all.
  4. (informal) Destined, normally in the context of a challenge being accepted; involved, doomed.
    "Five bucks says the Cavs win tonight." -"You're on!"
    Mike just threw coffee onto Paul's lap. It's on now.
  5. (baseball, informal) Having reached a base as a runner and being positioned there, awaiting further action from a subsequent batter.
    • 2019 February 24, Chris Kennedy, "Aggies Earn Series Win Over Yale in Sunday Finale", in New Mexico State University Athletics[1]:
      With one out and no men on, Tristen Carranza belted a ball to the opposite field for a solo home run to put the NM State deficit at just 2-1.
    • 2019 April 6, Daniel Martinez-Krams, "Baseball Falls Short in Game 2 of UCLA Series", in The Stanford Daily[2]:
      Although Stanford was outhit 15-6, the Cardinal stranded eight runners to UCLA's three, hitting just 3-15 with runners on compared to the Bruin's 9-22.
  6. (euphemistic) Menstruating.
    • 2011, Netmums, Hollie Smith, You and Your Tween: Managing the years from 9 to 13, Hachette UK ->ISBN
      It still gets in the way of her doing things like swimming, and she avoids sleepovers when she's 'on'.
Synonyms
  • (baseball: positioned at a base): on base (not informal)
Translations

Adverb

on (not comparable)

  1. To an operating state.
    turn the television on
  2. Along, forwards (continuing an action).
    drive on, rock on
    • 2012 May 5, Phil McNulty, "Chelsea 2-1 Liverpool", in BBC Sport[3]:
      He met Luis Suarez's cross at the far post, only for Chelsea keeper Petr Cech to show brilliant reflexes to deflect his header on to the bar. Carroll turned away to lead Liverpool's insistent protests that the ball had crossed the line but referee Phil Dowd and assistant referee Andrew Garratt waved play on, with even a succession of replays proving inconclusive.
  3. In continuation, at length.
    and so on.
    He rambled on and on.
  4. (cricket) In, or towards the half of the field on the same side as the batsman's legs; the left side for a right-handed batsman; leg. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  5. (obsolete in the US) Later.
    Ten years on, nothing had changed in the village.
  6. Of betting odds, denoting a better than even chance. See also odds-on.
    That horse is at twenty-to-one on, so you need to stake twenty pounds just to win one pound.
Antonyms
Translations

Preposition

A green pepper on (positioned on the upper surface of) a box

on

  1. Positioned at the upper surface of, touching from above.
    on the table;  on the couch
    The parrot was sitting on Jim's shoulder.
    • Longfellow
      I stood on the bridge at midnight.
  2. At or near; adjacent to.
    Soon we'll pass a statue on the left.
    The fleet is on the American coast.
  3. Covering.
    He wore old shoes on his feet.
  4. At the date of.
    Born on the 4th of July.
  5. Some time during the day of.
    I'll see you on Monday.   The bus leaves on Friday.   Can I see you on a different day? On Sunday I'm busy.
  6. Dealing with the subject of, about, or concerning something.
    A book on history.   The World Summit on the Information Society.
    • 1868, Anthony Trollope, He Knew He Was Right XI:
      'I received a note from that gentleman on a most trivial matter. I answered it as trivially.'
  7. Touching; hanging from.
    The fruit ripened on the trees.   The painting hangs on the wall.
  8. (informal) In the possession of.
    I haven't got any money on me.
  9. Because of, or due to.
    To arrest someone on suspicion of bribery.   To contact someone on a hunch.
  10. Upon; at the time of (and often because of).
    On Jack's entry, William got up to leave.
    On the addition of ammonia, a chemical reaction begins.
  11. Paid for by.
    The drinks are on me tonight, boys.   The meal is on the house.   I paid for the airfare and meals for my family, but the hotel room was on the company.
  12. Used to indicate a means or medium.
    I saw it on television.   Can't you see I'm on the phone?
  13. Indicating a means of subsistence.
    They lived on ten dollars a week.   The dog survived three weeks on rainwater.
  14. Away or occupied with (e.g. a scheduled activity).
    He's on his lunch break.   on vacation;  on holiday
  15. Denoting performance or action by contact with the surface, upper part, or outside of anything; hence, by means of; with.
    to play on a violin or piano
    Her words made a lasting impression on my mind.
  16. Regularly taking (a drug).
    You've been on these antidepressants far too long.   He's acting so strangely, I think he must be on something.
  17. Under the influence of (a drug).
    He's acting crazy because he's on crack right now.
  18. (mathematics) Having identical domain and codomain.
    a function on
  19. (mathematics) Having as domain and V as codomain, for some set V and integer n.
    an operator on
  20. (mathematics) Generated by.
    the free group on four letters
  21. Supported by (the specified part of itself).
    A table can't stand on two legs.   After resting on his elbows, he stood on his toes, then walked on his heels.
  22. At a given time after the start of something; at.
    • 2011 September 24, Aled Williams, "Chelsea 4-1 Swansea", in BBC Sport:
      The Spain striker had given Chelsea the lead on 29 minutes but was shown a straight red card 10 minutes later for a rash challenge on Mark Gower.
  23. In addition to; besides; indicating multiplication or succession in a series.
    heaps on heaps of food
    mischief on mischief; loss on loss
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  24. (obsolete, regional) of
    • Shakespeare
      Be not jealous on me.
    • Shakespeare
      Or have we eaten on the insane root / That takes the reason prisoner?
  25. Indicating dependence or reliance; with confidence in.
    I depended on them for assistance.
    He will promise on certain conditions.
    Do you ever bet on horses?
  26. Toward; for; indicating the object of an emotion.
    Have pity or compassion on him.
  27. (obsolete) At the peril of, or for the safety of.
    • Dryden
      Hence, on thy life.
  28. In the service of; connected with; of the number of.
    He is on a newspaper; I am on the committee.
  29. By virtue of; with the pledge of.
    He affirmed or promised on his word, or on his honour.
  30. To the account or detriment of; denoting imprecation or invocation, or coming to, falling, or resting upon.
    On us be all the blame.
    A curse on him!
    Please don't tell on her and get her in trouble.
    He turned on her and has been her enemy ever since.
    He went all honest on me, making me listen to his confession.
    • Bible, Matthew xxvii. 25
      His blood be on us and on our children.
  31. (especially when numbers of combatants or competitors are specified) Against; in opposition to.
    The fight was three on one, and he never stood a chance.
Synonyms
Derived terms
Related terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb

on (third-person singular simple present ons, present participle oning, simple past and past participle oned)

  1. (transitive, Singapore, Philippines) to switch on
    Can you on the light?
    Synonym: turn on

Etymology 2

From Old Norse ón, án ("without"), from Proto-Germanic *?nu, *?no, *ino ("without"), from Proto-Indo-European *anew, *enew ("without"). Cognate with North Frisian on ("without"), Middle Dutch an, on ("without"), Middle Low German ?ne ("without"), German ohne ("without"), Gothic (inu, "without, except"), Ancient Greek ? (áneu, "without").

Alternative forms

Preposition

on

  1. (Britain dialectal, Scotland) Without.
Usage notes
  • Usually followed by a perfect participle, as being, having, etc.

Etymology 3

From Japanese (on-yomi, literally "sound reading").

Noun

on

  1. In the Japanese language, a pronunciation, or reading, of a kanji character that was originally based on the character's pronunciation in Chinese, contrasted with kun.
    Most kanji have two kinds of reading, called "on" and "kun".

Anagrams


Azerbaijani

Other scripts
Cyrillic
Roman on
Perso-Arabic
Azerbaijani cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : on
    Ordinal : onuncu

Etymology

From Proto-Turkic *?n ("ten"). Cognate with Old Turkic [Term?] (/on/, "ten").

Numeral

on

  1. ten

Basque

Etymology

From Proto-Basque *bo?.

Adjective

on

  1. good
  2. useful, convenient

Catalan

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old Occitan [Term?] (compare Occitan ont), from Latin unde (compare French dont).

Pronunciation

Adverb

on

  1. where

Further reading


Central Franconian

Alternative forms

  • un (widely in free variation)
  • en (some western dialects)

Etymology

Ultimately from Old High German unde (unti), but native at most in south-eastern dialects. Otherwise adopted from (early modern) German und, replacing native en, from Old High German indi (whence also Luxembourgish an).

Pronunciation

Conjunction

on

  1. and
    Salz on Päfer
    salt and pepper

Classical Nahuatl

Pronoun

on, ?n

  1. (demonstrative) that; those

Related terms

References

  • Michel Launey; Christopher Mackay (2011) An Introduction to Classical Nahuatl, Amazon Kindle: Cambridge University Press, pages Loc 1408

Cornish

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *ognos, from Proto-Indo-European *h?eg?nós ("lamb").

Pronunciation

  • (Revived Middle Cornish) IPA(key): [?:n]
  • (Revived Late Cornish) IPA(key): [o:n]

Noun

on m (plural en)

  1. lamb

Crimean Tatar

Numeral

on

  1. ten

Czech

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *on?, from Proto-Indo-European *h?eno-

Pronunciation

Pronoun

on m

  1. he (third person personal singular)

Declension

Related terms

See also


Dutch

Adverb

on

  1. rarely used as shorthand for oneven (odd), the prefix on- means not (corresponds to English un-)


Estonian

Pronunciation

Verb

on

  1. third-person singular present indicative of olema
  2. third-person plural present indicative of olema

Finnish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /'on/, ['o?n]
  • Hyphenation: on

Verb

on

  1. third-person singular indicative present of olla
    Se on tuolla.
    It is there.
    Se on ollut tuolla.
    It has been there.

Anagrams


French

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old French hom, om (nominative form), from Latin hom? ("human being") (compare homme from the Old French oblique form home, from the Latin accusative form hominem). Its pronominal use is of Germanic origin. Compare Old English man ("one, they, people"), reduced form of Old English mann ("man, person"); Catalan hom; German man ("one, they, people"); Dutch men ("one, they, people").

Pronunciation

Pronoun

on

  1. (indefinite) one, people, you, someone (an unspecified individual)
    Synonyms: quelqu'un (in some contexts), l'on (formal)
    • 2003, Natasha St. Pier, L'instant d'après (album), Quand on cherche l'amour (song)
      Quand on cherche l'amour... - When one searches for love...
    On ne peut pas pêcher ici - You can't fish here
  2. (personal, informal) we
    Synonym: nous (in some contexts)
    On s'est amusés. - We had fun.

Usage notes

  • In informal French, on has almost completely replaced the pronoun nous ("we") to indicate the first person plural.
  • The variant l'on is used in more formal or literary contexts.

Related terms

Descendants

  • -> Esperanto: oni
  • -> Ido: on
  • -> Interlingue: on

Further reading

Anagrams


German Low German

Conjunction

on

  1. (in several dialects, including Low Prussian) Alternative form of un (and)
    Melk on Brot
    milk and bread

Ido

Pronunciation

Pronoun

on

  1. Apocopic form of onu; one, someone, they (indefinite personal pronoun)

See also


Interlingua

Pronoun

on

  1. one (indefinite personal pronoun)

Japanese

Romanization

on

  1. R?maji transcription of

Karelian

Verb

on

  1. (there) is

Middle English

Etymology

From Old English on, from Proto-Germanic *ana ("on, at"), from Proto-Indo-European *h?en-. More at English on.

Pronunciation

Preposition

on

  1. in; on

Northern Sami

Etymology

You can help Wiktionary by providing a proper etymology.

Pronunciation

Adverb

?n

  1. again

Further reading

  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002-2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[4], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *ana

Pronunciation

Preposition

on

  1. (West Saxon) on, in, at, among

Adverb

on

  1. (West Saxon) (with verbs of taking or depriving) from

Old French

Alternative forms

Etymology

See hom, om.

Pronoun

on

  1. one (gender-neutral third-person singular pronoun)

Descendants

  • French: on

Polish

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *on?, from Proto-Indo-European *h?eno-.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

on (plural: masculine personal oni, all others one)

  1. he (for animate nouns), it (for inanimate nouns)

Declension

Related terms

Pronoun

on m

  1. (obsolete) this (demonstrative)

Declension

See also

Further reading

  • on in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romansch

Alternative forms

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Surmiran) onn
  • (Puter) an

Etymology

From Latin annus.

Noun

on m (plural ons)

  1. (Sutsilvan, Vallader) year

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *on?, from Proto-Indo-European *h?eno-

Pronunciation

Pronoun

?n (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. he

Declension

See also


Slovak

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *on?, from Proto-Indo-European *h?eno-; inflected forms from Proto-Slavic *j?, from Proto-Indo-European *éy.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

on

  1. he (third-person personal masculine singular pronoun)

Declension

Further reading

  • on in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *on?, from Proto-Indo-European *h?eno-

Pronunciation

Pronoun

?n

  1. he

Inflection

Forms between parentheses indicate clitic forms; the main forms are used for emphasis.

See also


Southeastern Tepehuan

Etymology

From Proto-Uto-Aztecan *ona.

Noun

on

  1. salt

References

  • R. de Willett, Elizabeth, et al. (2016) Diccionario tepehuano de Santa María Ocotán, Durango (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas "Mariano Silva y Aceves"; 48)‎[5] (in Spanish), electronic edition, Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 140

Swedish

Noun

on

  1. indefinite plural of o

Turkish

Turkish cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : on
    Ordinal : onuncu
    Distributive : onar
Turkish Wikipedia article on on

Etymology

From Old Turkic (un¹ /on/, "ten"), from Proto-Turkic *?n ("ten").

Numeral

on

  1. ten

Declension

Inflection
Nominative on
Definite accusative onu
Singular Plural
Nominative on onlar
Definite accusative onu onlar?
Dative ona onlara
Locative onda onlarda
Ablative ondan onlardan
Genitive onun onlar?n

Turkmen

Etymology

From Old Turkic (un¹ /on/, "ten"), from Proto-Turkic *?n ("ten").

Numeral

on

  1. ten

Venetian

Article

on m sg

  1. a, an

Usage notes

  • Variant of un

Volapük

Etymology

Borrowed from French on.

Pronoun

on

  1. it
  2. (obsolete, indefinite personal pronoun) one

Declension


Walloon

Alternative forms

Etymology

You can help Wiktionary by providing a proper etymology.

Numeral

on

  1. one

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