Ne
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Ne

English

Etymology

From Middle English ne, from Old English ne, from Proto-Germanic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

Pronunciation

Adverb

ne (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) Not.

Conjunction

ne

  1. (obsolete) Nor.
    • 1484, Original Letters, King Edward the Fifth, under the direction of his Uncle, to Otes Gilbert, Esq., commanding him to receive Knighthood at the expected Coronation:
      That than I shall not geve therunto faith ne credence, nor therfore put them to any maner ponyssement, before that they or any of them so accused may be at their lawful defence and answer.
    • 1489, The gouernayle of helthe:
      And therin is no drede nor bytternes ne expences, but therin is pure recreacyon of body and of soule soo it be donn in clene places.
    • 1489, The gouernayle of helthe:
      Be not to hasty ne sodenly vengeable, to poure folke doo no vyolence.
    • 1489, The gouernayle of helthe:
      Moreouer no man be so hardy to drynk fastyng cold water, ne after that he hath accompanyed wyth a woman, ne after gret trauayle, ne after exersice tyll he haue fyrst rested hym, ne by nyght namely yf he haue do gloue tofore.
    • 1500, The Example of Euyll Tongues:
      A false tonge wyll euer Imagyne and saye / That neuer by creature was sayd ne thought.
    • 1509, Wynkyn de Worde, The fyftene joyes of maryage:
      For chastyce can he not by daye ne nyght his wyfe but by his betynge maketh lyght and hote the loue bytwene her and her frende.
    • 1511, The Records of the City of Norwich:
      Item, that noo woman nor maide weyve any worsted stamynges ne sayes for that that thei be nott of sufficient powre to werke the said worsteddes as thei owte to be wrought, upon payne of iij s iiij d as often as thei be founde wevyng to be devyded and leuyed in maner and forme aboue expressed.
    • 1520, Richard Pynson, The Lyfe of The Blessed Martyr Saynte Thomas:
      That they shulde no lenger kepe ne susteyne Thomas the archebysshope.
    • 1526, The Grete Herball:
      The rote ought to be gadered in the begynnynge of somer and dryed in the sonne bycause [tha]¬t it corrupt ne rotte bycause of the moystnesse[,] & it may be kept two yeres;
    • 1535, Thomas Elyot, The Education or Bringing up of Children:
      For lyinge is a detestable vice, and to be hated of all men, ne to be suffred amonge seruantis ne other persones[,] howe poure estate so euer they be of.
    • 1542, Nicholas Udall, Apophthegms (translation):
      Thus some persones beeyng inuited and exhorted to falle to the studie of lettres, make their excuse that thei bee sickely, that thei can not slepe ne take their naturall reste in the nightes.
    • 1558, Thomas Phaer, The Aeneid (translation):
      We Moores be not so base of wit, ne yet so blunt of mynd.
    • c1560, Edward Gosynhill, The Schoolhouse of Women:
      The deuyll gossyp, ought me a shame / And prayde I am nowe, euerye penye I wolde god he had, be blinde and lame / The daye and houre, he fyrste woed me / Ware not gossyp, these chyldren thre I wolde not tary, ye may be sure / Longer with hym, daye ne houre.
    • 1562, Arthur Brooke, The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet:
      Neither extremitie, ne gentle meanes could boote; she hydeth close within her brest, her secret sorowes roote.
    • 1562, Arthur Brooke, The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet:
      Ne on her teares or plaint, at all to have remorse, but (if they can not with her will,) to bring the mayde perforce.
    • 1570, John Thynne, The Debate betweene Pride and Lowlines:
      His hart encreaseth not thereby ne lesseth as edoon these fooles.
    • 1577, The Hereford Municipal Manuscript:
      And that no victualer ne other person or persons forestall any kynde of victualls cominge to the said Cyty or within the precyncte of the same before the same victualls be come to the place.
    • 1587, Gascoigne and Kinwelmershe, Jocasta:
      Ioc: How can that be and thou my ioy in warre? Po: Henceforth n'am I your ioy ne yet your sonne.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.1:
      But to her cry they list not lenden eare, / Ne ought the more their mightie strokes surceasse.
    • 1634, W. Lathum:
      Whose worth all outward is in shew alone / But inward sent hath not, ne vertue none.
    • 1798, Samuel Coleridge, "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner", ll. 443-6:
      The pang, the curse, with which they died, / Had never pass'd away; / I could not draw my een from theirs / Ne turn them up to pray.

Usage notes

  • Ne survives only as part of the oral tradition in rural Scotland and Northern England. It is almost never used in common speech.

Anagrams


Albanian

Alternative forms

Etymology

The nominative-accusative is from accusative Proto-Albanian *n?s, stressed form of clitic Proto-Indo-European *nos, which is continued by the clitic na. Neve and nesh are innovated, but Gheg retains dative nahe (Old Albanian nae) from a genitive *nos?m.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

ne (accusative ne, dative neve, ablative nesh)

  1. we, us

Declension

See also

References


Blagar

Noun

ne

  1. human, person

References


Breton

Etymology

From Proto-Brythonic *ni.

Particle

ne

  1. not

Usage notes

Used combined with ket, mirroring French ne ... pas.


Catalan

Pronoun

ne (enclitic, contracted 'n, proclitic en, contracted proclitic n')

  1. represents an indeterminate number or quantity of a given noun
  2. represents a place (associated with the action described by the verb) that would be introduced by the preposition de
  3. replaces a phrase introduced by the preposition de
  4. replaces the object of a causative verb

Usage notes

  • Ne cannot be used more than once as the object of a given verb.
  • While ne is usually used to replace phrases beginning with the prepostion de, adverbial phrases (eg de pressa) are replaced with hi.
  • Ne is sometimes used instead of ho to replace an adjective or indefinite noun as the predicate of a verb.
  • Ne is sometimes used popularly to add emphasis to a sentence: in this sense, it has no translation in English.

See also


Chuukese

Conjunction

ne

  1. to (connects verbs)

Preposition

ne

  1. Expressing a fraction or a ratio. Preceded by a nominator and followed by the denominator.

Czech

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): ['n?]
  • (file)

Interjection

ne

  1. no!

Particle

ne

  1. not

See also


Dalmatian

Etymology

From Latin nec, neque. Compare Italian , Spanish and French ni, Romanian nici.

Adverb

ne

  1. neither

Deg

Noun

ne

  1. water

References


Dutch

Alternative forms

Etymology

From nen through apocope, itself a contraction of eenen, enen, the now-obsolete accusative form of een.

Pronunciation

Article

ne

  1. (Brabantian) a, an
    ne man
    a man

Usage notes

ne is used primarily in the dialects that retain the three-gender split. It is only used for masculine words, while een is used for feminine and neuter words.

The form nen is used before vowels (as the English an) and certain consonants (commonly b, d and t), differing from dialect to dialect.

See also

Anagrams


Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl

Determiner

ne

  1. that.

Pronoun

ne

  1. that.

Esperanto

Pronunciation

Particle

ne

  1. no
  2. not
  3. non-

Antonyms


Finnish

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *nek, from Proto-Uralic *ne + *-k (dual ending).

For the inflectional stems ni-, see se. nii- possibly derives from ni- with the plural infix (-i-).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /'ne/, ['ne?]
  • Hyphenation: ne
  • Rhymes: -e

Pronoun

ne (plural, stem nii-)

  1. (demonstrative, of things and animals) they, those (plural of the pronoun se ("it"); objects not pointed at by the speaker)
  2. (colloquial, dialectal, of people) they
    Synonym: he

Inflection

The case suffixes are mostly regular (except inessive and elative singular). Abessive is never used in singular and extremely seldom in plural. Instructive niin is more or less a theoretical construction, since it has developed into an adverb, and its current meaning cannot be derived from ne.

See also

Determiner

ne

  1. those, the (not pointed at by the speaker)
    Tässä ne kirjat nyt ovat.
    This is where those books are now. (lit. Here those books now are)

Anagrams


French

Etymology

From Latin n?n.

Pronunciation

Particle

ne

  1. (literary) not (used alone to negate a verb; now chiefly with the verbs pouvoir, savoir, cesser and oser)
    • 1713, Voltaire, letter, Dec 1713:
      Je ne sais si je dois vous appeler Monsieur ou Mademoiselle [...] .
      I don't know if I should call you Mr or Miss.
    • 1826, Victor Hugo, Bug-Jargal, XXXVIII:
      Le prince de France nous aime, celui d'Espagne ne cesse de nous secourir.
      The prince of France loves us, that of Spain never stops helping us.
    • 1868, Emile Zola, Madeleine Férat:
      Je n'ose te jurer que je t'aime toujours, parce que je sens bien que tu ne me croirais pas.
      I dare not swear that I still love you, for I sense that you would not believe me.
    • 1943, Jean-Paul Sartre, Réflexions sur la question juive:
      Mais je ne le crois pas : un homme qui trouve naturel de dénoncer des hommes ne peut avoir notre conception de l'humain [...] .
      But I don't think so: a man who finds it natural to denounce men cannot have our idea of being human.
  2. not, no (used before a verb, with a subsequent element following; see Usage Notes, below)
    • 1851, Henri Murger, Le pays latin:
      Je ne sais rien de plus odieux que l'hypocrisie.
      I don't know anything more odious than hypocrisy.
    • 1998, Michel Houellebecq, Les Particules Élémentaires:
      Bruno se rendit compte qu'il ne serait jamais accepté par les hippies [...] .
      Bruno realised that he'd never be accepted by the hippies.
    • 2012, Le Monde, 3 May 2012:
      "Il n'y a pas eu un truc auquel on ne s'attendait pas", affirme Stéphane Le Foll.
      'There wasn't anything we weren't expecting,' stated Stéphane Le Foll.
  3. Used in a subordinate clause before a subjunctive verb (especially when the main verb expresses doubt or fear), to provide extra overtones of doubt or uncertainty (but not negating its verb); the so-called "pleonastic" or "expletive" ne.
    • 1829, Victor Hugo, Le Derner Jour d'un Condamné, XXVII:
      Ah! mes cheveux blanchiront avant que ma tête ne tombe!
      Oh! My hair will go white before my head falls!
    • 1837, George Sand, Mauprat:
      Oui, mais je crains qu'elle ne soit plus malade qu'elle ne l'avoue, repartit l'abbé.
      'Yes, but I think she might be more ill than she's letting on,' the priest replied.
  4. In comparative clauses usually translated with the positive sense of the subsequent negative
    apprendre le français est plus facile qu'on ne pense
    learning French is easier than you think

Usage notes

  • Ne is typically followed by a verb and then a negative adverbial pas, plus, jamais, guère, or (now literary) point; by a negative pronoun personne or rien; or by a negative determiner, aucun or nul.
  • In colloquial French, ne is often omitted:
    Je le veux pas - I don't want it
  • In literary French, ne can be used alone with certain verbs, as specified above.

See also

Further reading

Anagrams


German

Etymology 1

Contraction of nicht, dialectal net, nit, ni.

Pronunciation

Interjection

ne

  1. (colloquial) right?; is it?; is it not?; tag question
    Wir müssen da lang, ne?
    We need to go that way, don't we?
    Du hast keine Geschwister, ne?
    You don't have siblings, do you?
Synonyms

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

Interjection

ne

  1. Alternative spelling of nee

Etymology 3

Pronunciation

Article

ne

  1. (nonstandard) Alternative spelling of 'ne

German Low German

Article

ne f

  1. (Paderbornisch) nominative/accusative feminine singular of en: a

Pronoun

ne m

  1. (Paderbornisch) weak accusative of hei: him

See also


Gothic

Romanization

n?

  1. Romanization of

Hungarian

Pronunciation

Adverb

ne

  1. don't
    Ne hallgass rá! - Don't listen to him!

Usage notes

Used before the verb in an imperative clause to negate that clause; ne is always used instead of nem in the imperative mood.

Derived terms

(Compound words)

(Expressions)


Ido

Etymology

From Esperanto ne, from French ne, Russian (ne).

Pronunciation

Adverb

ne

  1. not, don't

Noun

ne (plural ne-i)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter N/n.

See also

Derived terms

  • ne- ("non-, un-, in-, im-, ir- (etc.)")

Isthmus Zapotec

Conjunction

ne

  1. and

Istro-Romanian

Etymology

From Latin nix, nivem, through Proto-Romanian (compare Romanian nea, Aromanian neao), from Proto-Italic *sniks, from Proto-Indo-European *snígs ("snow"), root noun derived from *sneyg- ("to snow").

Noun

ne f (definite nevu, genitive/dative lu nevu)

  1. snow

Italian

Etymology

From Latin inde ("thence"). Compare French en (adverb, pronoun).

Pronunciation

Adverb

ne

  1. from there
    Ne uscirono tre. - Three of them came out from there.

Usage notes

  • The adverb ne replaces di ("from there"):
Sono di Genova; ne sono venuto stamattina.
I am from Genova; I came from there this morning.

Pronoun

ne

  1. about it
    Ne ho sentito parlare. - I have heard about it.
    Cosa ne pensi? - What do you think about it?
  2. of it
    C'è della torta? Ne voglio una fetta. - Is there any cake? I want a slice of it.
  3. of them (sometimes not translated in English)
    Non ne ho più. - I've got no more (of them) left.

Usage notes

  • The pronoun ne stands for di + [pronoun], and can thus be a translation of "[preposition] + it/them" for any preposition that is translated as di in Italian.

See also

Contraction

ne

  1. Apocopic form of nel
    Massimo Troisi ha vinto un oscar per la sua interpretazione ne "Il postino".
    Massimo Troisi won an Oscar for his performance in "Il Postino".

Usage notes

  • The contraction ne is used where nel, nella, etc, would ordinarily be used, but cannot be because the article is part of the title of a film, book, etc.

See also

See also


Japanese

Romanization

ne

  1. R?maji transcription of ?
  2. R?maji transcription of ?

Kalasha

Determiner

ne

  1. no

Particle

ne

  1. no

Kurdish

Interjection

ne

  1. no (used to show disagreement or negation)


This Kurdish entry was created from the translations listed at no. It may be less reliable than other entries, and may be missing parts of speech or additional senses. Please also see ne in the Kurdish Wiktionary. This notice will be removed when the entry is checked. (more information) December 2008


Ladin

Adverb

ne

  1. not

Latin

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Extended from Proto-Indo-European *ne ("not") (whence Old Latin ne ("not")).

Adverb

n? (not comparable)

  1. no, not
Derived terms

Conjunction

n? (+ subjunctive)

  1. that not, in order not to and similar; lest
    • Vereor, ne videatur oratio mea stulta. :
      I fear lest my oration seem foolish.
Usage notes
  • Not to be confused with the affirmative particle ne (see Etymology 2).
Derived terms
Related terms

Etymology 2

From the same source as enim, Ancient Greek (n?), (naí).

Interjection

n?

  1. truly!, indeed!; commonly connected with other affirmative particles

Latvian

Pronunciation

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Conjunction

ne

  1. not
    ne tikai - not only
    ne visai - not quite

Lithuanian

Pronunciation

Interjection

ne

  1. no (used to show disagreement or negation)


This Lithuanian entry was created from the translations listed at no. It may be less reliable than other entries, and may be missing parts of speech or additional senses. Please also see ne in the Lithuanian Wiktionary. This notice will be removed when the entry is checked. (more information) October 2009


Livonian

Pronunciation

Pronoun

ne

  1. they; nominative plural of täm?

Luganda

Conjunction

ne

  1. and (only used if the overall statement is grammatically positive)

See also

References

The Essentials of Luganda, J. D. Chesswas, 4th edition. Oxford University Press: Nairobi. 1967, p. 94.

This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Luganda is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Mandarin

Pronunciation

Romanization

ne (Zhuyin )

  1. Pinyin transcription of ?, ?
  2. Pinyin transcription of ?

ne

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Mezquital Otomi

Etymology 1

From Proto-Otomi [Term?], from Proto-Otomian [Term?], from Proto-Oto-Pamean *ne?.

Pronunciation

Verb

ne

  1. (trans) want

Etymology 2

From Proto-Otomi *ne, from Proto-Otomian *ne, from Proto-Oto-Pamean *te/*ne, from Proto-Oto-Manguean *(Y)te(H)³.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Noun

ne

  1. mouth
  2. snout
  3. edge (of a blade)
  4. bite, sting
  5. animals at the head of the herd

References

  • Andrews, Enriqueta (1950) Vocabulario otomí de Tasquillo, Hidalgo[1] (in Spanish), México, D.F.: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, pages 19, 47, 74
  • Hernández Cruz, Luis; Victoria Torquemada, Moisés (2010) Diccionario del hñähñu (otomí) del Valle del Mezquital, estado de Hidalgo (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas "Mariano Silva y Aceves"; 45)‎[2] (in Spanish), second edition, Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 210

Middle Dutch

Etymology

From Old Dutch ne, from Proto-Germanic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

Adverb

ne

  1. not

Usage notes

Immediately precedes the verb. Often found in combination with the synonymous niet or another negating adverb, which is placed elsewhere.

Alternative forms

Descendants

  • Dutch: n- (prefix)

Further reading

  • "ne (I)", in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • "ne (II)", in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • "en (V)", in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929
  • "ne", in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle English

Adverb

ne

  1. not

Conjunction

ne

  1. nor

Middle French

Etymology 1

Alternative forms

Adverb

ne

  1. not (used to negate a verb)
    • 1488, Jean Dupré, Lancelot du Lac, page 22:
      Ha ha pourdieu franc chevalier et preux ne me occisez mie
      Ha! For the love of God honest and valiant knight, don't kill me!
    • 1530, François Rabelais, Pantagruel
      et ne m'advint oncques de mentir ou asseurer chose que ne feust veritable
      It never happened to me to lie or to assure someone of something that wasn't truthful
    • 1562, Henry IV of France, Lettres Missives
      Catherine de Médicis, ne tarda pas à faire venir auprès de lui, en 1561, sa femme et ses enfants.
      Catherine of Medicis did not hesitate to bring to him, in 1561, his wife and his children
Usage notes
  • As in modern French, may be used in combination with another adverb, such as ne... iamais, ne... pas, ne... gaire, ne... mie, ne... oncques, ne... poin(c)t and ne... rien(s), but such an adverb is not required.

Etymology 2

See ny

Conjunction

ne

  1. Alternative form of ny ("neither; nor")

Negerhollands

Verb

ne

  1. take

References

  • Language Contact in the Danish West Indies (2012, ->ISBN

Northern Ndebele

Etymology

From Proto-Nguni *-ne, from Proto-Bantu *-nàì.

Adjective

-ne

  1. four

Inflection

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.


Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *ne ("not")

Pronunciation

Adverb

ne

  1. not

Descendants

  • Middle English: ne
    • Scots: ne
    • English: ne

Old French

Etymology

From Latin nec.

Adverb

ne

  1. not; used to form negative constructions

Descendants

  • French: ne

Conjunction

ne

  1. neither (not one or the other)

Descendants

  • French: ni

Old Saxon

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *ne.

Adverb

ne

  1. not

Descendants

  • Middle Low German: ne, en

Phuthi

Etymology

From Proto-Nguni *-ne, from Proto-Bantu *-nàì.

Adjective

-ne

  1. four

Inflection

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.


Romanian

Alternative forms

  • (pre-1860s Cyrillic form)

Etymology

From Vulgar Latin n?s, from Latin nos. Compare n? (old form) and Aromanian .

Pronunciation

Pronoun

ne (unstressed accusative and reflexive form of noi)

  1. (direct object, first-person plural) us
    El ne urmeaz?.
    He's following us.

Related terms

  • noi (stressed accusative)

Pronoun

ne (unstressed dative and reflexive form of noi)

  1. (indirect object) (to) us
    Ele ne dau cadouri.
    They give us presents.

Related terms

  • nou? (stressed dative)

See also


Scots

Etymology

From Old English ne, from Proto-Germanic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ne?/, /n?/, /n?/, /n(:)/

Adverb

ne

  1. (archaic, rare) Not.
    Ne look at the sky, when ye tread bumpy roads.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    (A Northern English folk saying)

Conjunction

ne

  1. (archaic, rare) Nor.
    Ne mother, ne father, ne friends, ne foes ne-knew what had worthen of him.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Usage notes

  • Ne is a negative particle and it is used preverbally, i.e. it is placed directly before a verb, for example,:"What haps might chance me I ne knew" (William Fowler (makar), 1590) and "To suffer exile he said that he ne couth" (Gavin Douglas, Virgil's Aeneid, 1513). Now archaic and chiefly dialectal, it is still understood and used by a few rural speakers in Scotland and Northern England.
  • As a conjunction, it is placed immediately before the word it negates as in: ne mickle, ne little; Twas ne man, ne woman.. ne beast; ne rich, ne poor, ne bold, ne meek, ne stong, ne weak can escape God's wrath.
  • In urban areas and cities became displaced by na or nae.

Further reading


Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

Pronunciation

Particle

ne (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. not (denoting negation)
    ne znam -- I don't know
    on je ne samo darovit, ve? i jako marljiv -- he is not only talented, but also very industrious
    htio-ne htio -- whether you want it or not
    da ne spava / ne spava? li? / zar ne spava -- aren't you sleeping?
    ne mogu, a da ne.. -- I cannot but...
    re?i ne -- to say no; refuse, decline
    ne manje nego/od.. -- no less than...
    ne do?i -- to fail to come, not come
    .... Zar ne? -- ... Aren't you? (Isn't it?, Do you?, Don't you?)
    "ne?u" -- I won't

Interjection

ne (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. no
    Jesi li demokrat? Ne! -- Are you a democrat? No!

Synonyms

  • jok (dialectal)

Antonyms


Slovene

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

Pronunciation

Particle

n?

  1. not (negates meaning of verb)
  2. no (expresses disapproval, disagreement)

Antonyms


Southern Ndebele

Etymology

From Proto-Nguni *-ne, from Proto-Bantu *-nàì.

Adjective

-ne

  1. four

Inflection

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.


Swazi

Etymology

From Proto-Nguni *-ne, from Proto-Bantu *-nàì.

Adjective

-ne

  1. four

Inflection

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.


Turkish

Etymology 1

From Ottoman Turkish (ne, "what, whatever, how"), from Old Anatolian Turkish [script needed] (ne, "what"), from Proto-Turkic *n?- ("what").[1] The only Turkic root beginning with /n/. The earliest PT form must have contained a unique initial nasal, having yielded specific reflexes in modern languages.

Cognate with Old Turkic (n²a /ne/, "what, which"), Karakhanid [script needed] (n?, "what"), Old Uyghur [script needed] (ne, "what"), Azerbaijani n? ("what"), Bashkir (ni, "what"), Chuvash (m?n, "what"), Kazakh (ne, "what"), Khakas ? (nime, "what"), Kyrgyz (ne, "what"), Tatar (ni, "what"), Turkmen n?mä ("what"), Tuvan (?üü, "what"), Uyghur ?(nëme, "what"), Uzbek na ("what"), Yakut ? (tuox, "what").

Pronoun

ne

  1. what
    Ne istiyorsun? - What do you want?
  2. whatever
    Ne istersen yapar?m. - I will do whatever you want.
Declension
Inflection
Nominative ne
Definite accusative neyi
Singular Plural
Nominative ne neler
Definite accusative neyi neleri
Dative neye nelere
Locative nede nelerde
Ablative neden nelerden
Genitive nenin nelerin
Related terms

Adverb

ne

  1. what, how, such
    Ne güzel! - How beautiful!
    Ne güzel bir gün! - What a beautiful day!
  2. Used as an intensifier to express surprise, astonishment, together with expressions like be!, ha!.
    Ne osurdun be! - You farted such (that probably the whole world heard it).

Etymology 2

From Ottoman Turkish (ne, "neither; nor"), from Persian (na). Cognate to Old English ne ("not").

Conjunction

ne

  1. neither; nor
    Ne bu ne ?u - Neither this nor that
Usage notes
  • Not used alone but rather as ne...ne..., the way it is used is directly copied from Persian ......("neither; nor").
Antonyms

Etymology 3

Noun

ne

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter N.

See also

References

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), "*n?-", in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill

Tuvaluan

Particle

ne

  1. past tense marker, inserted immediately before the relevant verb

Unami

Pronunciation

Pronoun

  1. that (inanimate)

Ura (Vanuatu)

Pronunciation

Noun

ne

  1. water
  2. river

Further reading

  • Terry Crowley, Ura: A Disappearing Language of Southern Vanuatu (1999)

Xhosa

Etymology

From Proto-Nguni *-ne, from Proto-Bantu *-nàì.

Adjective

-ne

  1. four

Inflection

Adjective concord, tone class L
Modifier Copulative
positive negative positive negative
1st singular endimne endingemne ndimne andimne
2nd singular omne ongemne umne awumne
1st plural esibane esingebane sibane asibane
2nd plural enibane eningebane nibane anibane
Class 1 omne ongemne mne akamne
Class 2 abane abangebane bane ababane
Class 3 omne ongemne mne awumne
Class 4 emine engemine mine ayimine
Class 5 eline elingeline line aliline
Class 6 amane angemane mane awamane
Class 7 esine esingesine sine asisine
Class 8 ezine ezingezine zine azizine
Class 9 ene engene ine ayiyine
Class 10 ezine ezingezine zine azizine
Class 11 olune olungelune lune alulune
Class 14 obune obungebune bune abubune
Class 15 okune okungekune kune akukune
Class 17 okune okungekune kune akukune

Yup'ik

Noun

ne (absolutive ena)

  1. house

Zou

Noun

ne

  1. lip

Verb

ne

  1. eat

References


Zulu

Etymology

From Proto-Nguni *-ne, from Proto-Bantu *-nàì.

Adjective

-ne

  1. four

Inflection

Adjective concord, tone class L
Modifier Copulative
positive negative positive negative
1st singular engimune engingemune ngimune angimune
2nd singular omune ongemune umune awumune
1st plural esibane esingebane sibane asibane
2nd plural enibane eningebane nibane anibane
Class 1 omune ongemune mune akamune
Class 2 abane abangebane bane ababane
Class 3 omune ongemune mune awumune
Class 4 emine engemine mine ayimine
Class 5 eline elingeline line aliline
Class 6 amane angemane mane awamane
Class 7 esine esingesine sine asisine
Class 8 ezine ezingezine zine azizine
Class 9 ene engene, engeyine ine, yine ayiyine
Class 10 ezine ezingezine zine azizine
Class 11 olune olungelune lune alulune
Class 14 obune obungebune bune abubune
Class 15 okune okungekune kune akukune
Class 17 okune okungekune kune akukune

Derived terms

References


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