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Borrowed from New Latin from Latin medius ("middle"). See medium.


medius (plural medii)

  1. (anatomy) The middle finger; the third digit, or that which corresponds to it.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster's Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for medius in
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)



From Proto-Italic *meðios, from Proto-Indo-European *méd?yos ("between"). Cognate with Ancient Greek (mésos), Sanskrit ? (mádhya), Avestan (mai?ii?na), Old Armenian (m), Persian ?(mi?n) etc.



medius (feminine media, neuter medium, comparative medior, superlative medissimus); first/second-declension adjective

  1. middle
  2. half
  3. moderate
  4. indifferent, undecided


First/second-declension adjective.

Derived terms


  • Aragonese: medio, meyo
  • Aromanian: njedz, njedzu
  • Asturian: mediu
  • Catalan: mig
  • Dalmatian: mesu
  • English: medius


  • medius in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • medius in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • medius in Charles du Fresne du Cange's Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883-1887)
  • medius in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the temperate zone: orbis medius
    • to rush into the midst of the foe: in medios hostes se inicere
    • to break through the enemy's centre: per medios hostes (mediam hostium aciem) perrumpere
    • (ambiguous) the Mediterranean Sea: mare medium or internum
    • (ambiguous) the middle ages: media quae vocatur aetas
    • (ambiguous) manhood: aetas constans, media, firmata, corroborata (not virilis)
    • (ambiguous) to become known, become a topic of common conversation (used of things): foras efferri, palam fieri, percrebrescere, divulgari, in medium proferri, exire, emanare
    • (ambiguous) elevated, moderate, plain style: genus dicendi grave or grande, medium, tenue (cf. Or. 5. 20; 6. 21)
    • (ambiguous) to bring a subject forward into discussion: in medium proferre aliquid
    • (ambiguous) to break off in the middle of the conversation: medium sermonem abrumpere (Verg. Aen. 4. 388)
    • (ambiguous) to be neutral: medium esse
    • (ambiguous) to be neutral: medium se gerere
    • (ambiguous) the centre of the marching column: agmen medium (Liv. 10. 41)
    • (ambiguous) the centre: media acies
  • medius in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray

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